Lin­coln ends slav­ery

The Daily Courier - - OPINION -

In 1862, U.S. Pres­i­dent Abra­ham Lin­coln signed a bill end­ing slav­ery in the District of Columbia.

In 1874, Provencher MP Louis Riel was ex­pelled from the Com­mons as a fugi­tive. The Metis leader was wanted in On­tario for the 1870 ex­e­cu­tion of Orange­man Thomas Scott dur­ing the “Red River Up­ris­ing.”

In 1887, a re­built and en­larged Wel­land Canal opened for nav­i­ga­tion be­tween Lake Erie and Lake On­tario.

In 1895, the city of Chatham, Ont., was in­cor­po­rated.

In 1907, the McGill Univer­sity med­i­cal build­ing in Mon­treal was de­stroyed by fire.

In 1912, Har­riet Quimby be­came the first woman to fly across the English Chan­nel. She used a Ble­riot mono­plane to travel from Dover, Eng­land to Harde­lot, France.

In 1917, Vladimir Lenin re­turned to Rus­sia af­ter years of ex­ile fol­low­ing the over­throw of Czar Nicholas II.

In 1947, the French ship “Grand­camp,” car­ry­ing am­mo­nium ni­trate fer­til­izer, blew up at the har­bour in Texas City, Texas. An­other ship, the “High Flyer,” ex­ploded the fol­low­ing day. The blasts and re­sult­ing fires killed nearly 600 peo­ple.

In 1962, Wal­ter Cronkite made his de­but as an­chor of “The CBS Evening News,” suc­ceed­ing Dou­glas Edwards. Cronkite lasted 19 years at the an­chor desk be­fore Dan Rather suc­ceeded him in 1981.

In 1962, Bob Dy­lan de­buted his song “Blowin’ in the Wind” at Gerde’s Folk City in New York.

In 1973, Paul Mc­Cart­ney starred in his first TV spe­cial, ti­tled af­ter his given name, “James Paul Mc­Cart­ney.”

In 1976, a plan aimed at end­ing civil war in Le­banon was an­nounced in Da­m­as­cus fol­low­ing a meet­ing be­tween Syr­ian Pres­i­dent Hafez As­sad and PLO chair­man Yasser Arafat.

In 1992, David Mil­gaard was re­leased from a Man­i­toba prison af­ter serv­ing nearly 23 years for the 1969 mur­der of Saska­toon nurs­ing aide Gail Miller. The Saskatchewan gov­ern­ment de­clined to retry Mil­gaard af­ter the Supreme Court of Canada or­dered a new trial. DNA ev­i­dence cleared Mil­gaard in 1997, and he later re­ceived $7 mil­lion in com­pen­sa­tion from the fed­eral and Saskatchewan gov­ern­ments.

In 1995, a deal was reached to end a turbot fish­ing dis­pute be­tween Canada and the Euro­pean Union. The agree­ment gave Spain a higher turbot quota in the North At­lantic in re­turn for tougher quota en­force­ment mea­sures.

In 1999, Wayne Gret­zky an­nounced that he was re­tir­ing from pro hockey af­ter 20 phe­nom­e­nal NHL sea­sons. The an­nounce­ment, at a packed news con­fer­ence in New York, came less than a day af­ter an emo­tional farewell game on Cana­dian soil at the Corel Cen­tre in Kanata, Ont.

In 2007, Se­ung-Hui Cho, a men­tally-dis­turbed stu­dent, killed two peo­ple in a dor­mi­tory at Vir­ginia Tech Univer­sity and then two hours later, opened fire in a class­room build­ing on cam­pus be­fore tak­ing his own life. In all, 32 peo­ple were killed in the worst school shoot­ing ram­page in U.S. his­tory. Mon­treal-born Jo­ce­lyne Cou­tureNowak, a teacher, was among the vic­tims.

In 2013, Rita MacNeil, a singer­song­writer from Big Pond, Nova Sco­tia, whose pow­er­ful voice ex­plored gen­res from coun­try, to folk, to gospel, died fol­low­ing com­pli­ca­tions from surgery. She was 68.

In 2013, Cana­dian-born gospel singer Ge­orge Bev­erly Shea, the boom­ing bari­tone who sang to mil­lions of Chris­tians at evan­ge­list Billy Gra­ham’s cru­sades dur­ing a decades-long ca­reer, died at the age of 104. He won a Grammy for Best Gospel Record­ing in 1965 for his al­bum “South­land Fa­vorites,” and re­ceived one in 2011 for life­time achieve­ment.

In 2014, more than 300 pas­sen­gers, mostly teenagers on a school trip, were killed in the sink­ing of a ferry off South Korea, caus­ing na­tion­wide grief and fury. Of­fi­cials blamed crew mem­bers’ neg­li­gence, un­timely res­cue ef­forts and cor­rup­tion by the ship’s own­ers for the tragedy.

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