TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

The Daily Press (Timmins) - - FRONT PAGE -

In 1815, Sir John A. Mac­don­ald’s birth was reg­is­tered in Glas­gow, Scot­land. While he was ac­tu­ally born the day be­fore, on Jan. 10, this is the day com­monly cited to com­mem­o­rate the birth of Canada’s first prime min­is­ter. The lead­ing fig­ure in pro­mot­ing Con­fed­er­a­tion, Mac­don­ald served as prime min­is­ter from 1867-73 and from 1878 un­til his death in 1891. He ad­vo­cated re­cip­ro­cal trade agree­ments with the United States, worked for strong bonds with Bri­tain and over­saw the build­ing of the Cana­dian Pa­cific Rail­way.

In 1896, Sir Wil­liam Stephen­son was born in Win­nipeg. Af­ter ca­reers as a war­time fighter pi­lot, in­ven­tor and busi­ness­man, Stephen­son headed Bri­tish counter-es­pi­onage in the Western Hemi­sphere dur­ing the Sec­ond World War. His tele­graphic ad­dress, “In­trepid,” be­came pop­u­lar­ized as his code name. Stephen­son died in 1989. In 1909, Bri­tain and the United States signed a treaty es­tab­lish­ing the In­ter­na­tional Joint Com­mis­sion. The com­mis­sion, made up of del­e­gates from Canada and the United States, man­ages the wa­ters of the Great Lakes with par­tic­u­lar at­ten­tion paid to pollution is­sues.

In 1914, the “Kar­luk,” one of three ships com­mis­sioned by Cana­dian ex­plorer Vil­h­jal­mur Ste­fans­son, was crushed by ice in the Ber­ing Sea near Her­ald Is­land, north of Siberia. Ste­fans­son had left the ship be­fore the ac­ci­dent. Capt. Robert Bartlett led the crew to safety on the ves­sel “Wrangel I” which strug­gled through ice to Alaska, where the sur­vivors were res­cued on Sept. 7, 1914. Sixteen died dur­ing the or­deal.

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