TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

The Daily Press (Timmins) - - NEWS -

In 1321, Ital­ian poet Dante Alighieri died.

In 1752, the Gre­go­rian cal­en­dar was of­fi­cially adopted by the Bri­tish Em­pire and its colonies in Amer­ica.

In 1812, the Rus­sians set fire to Moscow be­fore Napoleon’s tri­umphant march into the city. Three-fourths of the city was de­stroyed in the next few days. Napoleon re­mained in Moscow for about a month while cold and hunger dec­i­mated the Grande Armee.

In 1814, the poem “De­fence of Fort Mchenry” (later be­com­ing the lyrics to “The Star-span­gled Ban­ner”) was writ­ten by Fran­cis Scott Key fol­low­ing the Bri­tish shelling of Fort Mchenry in Mary­land. The morn­ing af­ter, Key saw the Amer­i­can flag still fly­ing over the fortress and wrote his poem. It was set to the tune of an English drink­ing song and it was des­ig­nated as the U.S. na­tional an­them in 1916 by Pres­i­dent Woodrow Wilson, and his or­der was con­firmed by an act of Congress in 1931.

In 1847, U.S. troops cap­tured Mex­ico City dur­ing the Mex­i­can War. In 1868, golf’s first recorded hole-in-one was scored by Scots­man Tom Morris at Prest­wick’s 166-yard 8th hole dur­ing the Open Cham­pi­onship (known in North Amer­ica as the Bri­tish Open).

In 1882, the steamer “Asia” sank in Ge­or­gian Bay dur­ing a fierce gale, claim­ing 126 lives.

In 1901, Theodore Roo­sevelt be­came pres­i­dent of the United States af­ter Pres­i­dent Wil­liam Mckinley died eight days af­ter be­ing shot by an an­ar­chist in Buf­falo, N.Y.

In 1926, the fed­eral Lib­eral party, led by Wil­liam Lyon Macken­zie King, de­feated the Con­ser­va­tives un­der Arthur Meighen in a gen­eral elec­tion.

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