TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

The Delhi News-Record - - NEWS -

In A.D. 236, Fabian was elected pope of the early Chris­tian Church. He served un­til 250, when he be­came the first mar­tyr un­der De­cius, the em­peror who ini­ti­ated the Ro­man Em­pire-wide per­se­cu­tion of Chris­tians. In 1645, Wil­liam Laud, arch­bishop of Can­ter­bury and a per­se­cu­tor of the Pu­ri­tans dur­ing the reign of Ro­man Catholic Queen Mary I, was ex­e­cuted in the Tower of Lon­don for trea­son. In 1776, Thomas Paine anony­mously pub­lished his in­flu­en­tial pam­phlet, “Com­mon Sense.” In 1799, res­i­dents of Lower Canada (now Que­bec) cel­e­brated their first Thanks­giv­ing. In 1810, Napoleon I, Em­peror of the French, divorced his wife, Josephine. In 1815, Bri­tain pro­hib­ited Amer­i­can cit­i­zens from set­tling in Canada. In 1840, the Penny Post was in­tro­duced in Bri­tain by Row­land Hill. In 1842, Sir Charles Bagot ar­rived in Up­per Canada to take up his post as gov­er­nor gen­eral of Bri­tish North Amer­ica. In 1850, ex­plor­ers Robert McClure and Richard Collinson be­gan the ex­ten­sive search for the Arc­tic ex­plorer Sir John Franklin and his ex­pe­di­tion. It has been de­scribed as the great­est search mis­sion in the his­tory of ex­plo­ration. While look­ing for Franklin, the ex­pe­di­tion dis­cov­ered the North­west Pas­sage. It is likely that Franklin found it first, but none of his crew lived to re­port the dis­cov­ery. In 1863, the Lon­don Un­der­ground, the old­est sub­way sys­tem in the world, opened. The first trains -- us­ing steam lo­co­mo­tives that burned coke and later coal -- be­gan run­ning from Padding­ton to Far­ring­don in the City of Lon­don, to­talling seven stops over 6.4 kilo­me­tres. In 1882, O. P. Brigg, an Amer­i­can, re­ceived a patent for barbed wire. In 1901, a gusher at Beau­mont, Texas, started the great Texas oil boom. In 1910, Henri Bourassa pub­lished “Le Devoir” in Mon­treal. In 1917, Amer­i­can plains­man, scout and show­man Wil­liam “Buf­falo Bill” Cody, died at age 70. In 1918, the U.S. House of Rep­re­sen­ta­tives voted for fe­male suf­frage. In 1920, the “Treaty of Ver­sailles,” end­ing the First World War, took ef­fect. The Treaty also es­tab­lished the League of Na­tions, at which Canada and the other Bri­tish Do­min­ions could speak for them­selves on in­ter­na­tional af­fairs. The United States never joined the League, which was re­placed af­ter the Sec­ond World War by the United Na­tions. In 1942, the Que­bec Bar ad­mit­ted its first fe­male lawyers, El­iz­a­beth Monk and Suzanne Fil­ion. In 1946, the United Na­tions Gen­eral As­sem­bly met for the first time in Lon­don. In 1946, the first man-made con­tact with the Moon was made as radar sig­nals were bounced off the lu­nar sur­face.

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