TODAY IN HISTORY
In A.D. 236, Fabian was elected pope of the early Christian Church. He served until 250, when he became the first martyr under Decius, the emperor who initiated the Roman Empire-wide persecution of Christians. In 1645, William Laud, archbishop of Canterbury and a persecutor of the Puritans during the reign of Roman Catholic Queen Mary I, was executed in the Tower of London for treason. In 1776, Thomas Paine anonymously published his influential pamphlet, “Common Sense.” In 1799, residents of Lower Canada (now Quebec) celebrated their first Thanksgiving. In 1810, Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, divorced his wife, Josephine. In 1815, Britain prohibited American citizens from settling in Canada. In 1840, the Penny Post was introduced in Britain by Rowland Hill. In 1842, Sir Charles Bagot arrived in Upper Canada to take up his post as governor general of British North America. In 1850, explorers Robert McClure and Richard Collinson began the extensive search for the Arctic explorer Sir John Franklin and his expedition. It has been described as the greatest search mission in the history of exploration. While looking for Franklin, the expedition discovered the Northwest Passage. It is likely that Franklin found it first, but none of his crew lived to report the discovery. In 1863, the London Underground, the oldest subway system in the world, opened. The first trains -- using steam locomotives that burned coke and later coal -- began running from Paddington to Farringdon in the City of London, totalling seven stops over 6.4 kilometres. In 1882, O. P. Brigg, an American, received a patent for barbed wire. In 1901, a gusher at Beaumont, Texas, started the great Texas oil boom. In 1910, Henri Bourassa published “Le Devoir” in Montreal. In 1917, American plainsman, scout and showman William “Buffalo Bill” Cody, died at age 70. In 1918, the U.S. House of Representatives voted for female suffrage. In 1920, the “Treaty of Versailles,” ending the First World War, took effect. The Treaty also established the League of Nations, at which Canada and the other British Dominions could speak for themselves on international affairs. The United States never joined the League, which was replaced after the Second World War by the United Nations. In 1942, the Quebec Bar admitted its first female lawyers, Elizabeth Monk and Suzanne Filion. In 1946, the United Nations General Assembly met for the first time in London. In 1946, the first man-made contact with the Moon was made as radar signals were bounced off the lunar surface.