TODAY IN HISTORY
In 1503, artist Michelangelo began work on his “David,” which would become one of the most famous sculptures in the world.
In 1775, Laura Secord, heroine of the War of 1812, was born. In 1788, the U.S. constitutional convention authorized the first national election in the United States, and declared New York City the temporary national capital.
In 1882, Ottawa Valley timber magnate John Booth opened his own railway line, “The Canada-Atlantic,” from Coteau Junction, N.B., to Ottawa.
In 1884, Canada’s first official participants in an overseas war -- the Nile Voyageurs -set sail for Egypt.
In 1886, the Canadian Pacific Telegraph began operation.
In 1886, “The Volta,” an electric boat constructed in London, crossed the English Channel and back in four hours, powered only by its batteries.
In 1899, the first death caused by a car occurred when a Henry Bliss was run over when he stepped off a bus in New York City.
In 1905, Russia and Japan signed a truce ending war in Korea and Manchuria.
In 1907, “The Lusitania” completed its maiden voyage across the Atlantic. Eight years later in 1915, the ship, owned by the Cunard Steamship Line Shipping Co., was torpedoed by the German submarine U-20 during the First World War, killing 1,198 of the nearly 2,000 people aboard. The Lusitania sank in about 18 minutes about 15 kilometres off the Old Head of Kinsale, Ireland.
In 1907, Phil Edwards, the first Canadian to win five Olympic medals, was born in Guyana. Edwards moved to Montreal before the 1928 Amsterdam Olympics, where he won a bronze relay medal. At the 1932 Los Angeles Games, Edwards added three more bronze medals in track and his fifth Olympic bronze came in the 800 metres in Berlin in 1936. He died Sept. 6, 1971.
In 1915, the Canadian Corps was established when the 2nd Canadian Division arrived at the front in France. Brig. Arthur Currie was promoted to general in command of the 1st Division. Under his leadership, the Canadian Corps preserved its identity and became one of the most feared attack forces during the First World War.
In 1940, Buckingham Palace was hit by a bomb during a German raid. In an earlier attack, the Germans dropped a time bomb on the palace on Sept. 8 and the bomb exploded two days later. Bombs also struck the palace on Sept. 10 and Sept. 15. The Royal Family was uninjured in the attacks.
In 1942, 113 people died in a German submarine attack on the Canadian destroyer “Ottawa” in the Atlantic.