The Expositor (Brantford) - - NEWS -

In 451, nearly 600 bish­ops of the Chris­tian church be­gan meet­ing at the Sec­ond Ec­u­meni­cal Coun­cil. Af­ter sev­eral days of de­bate, the Chal­cedo­nian creed, which af­firmed that Christ was both fully divine and hu­man, was adopted.

In 1492, Christo­pher Colum­bus sighted land on his first voy­age to the New World - an is­land in the Ba­hamas chain, was named San Sal­vador and was claimed in the name of King Fer­di­nand and Queen Is­abella of Spain.

In 1810, the Ger­man fes­ti­val Ok­to­ber­fest was first held in Mu­nich to cel­e­brate the wed­ding of Bavar­ian Crown Prince Lud­wig and Princess Therese of Saxe-Hild­burghausen.

In 1822, Brazil pro­claimed its in­de­pen­dence.

In 1860, Elmer Sperry, in­ven­tor of gy­ro­scopic fly­ing in­stru­ments, was born in New York.

In 1870, Gen­eral Robert E. Lee died in Lex­ing­ton, Va., at age 63.

In 1871, Amer­i­can Pres­i­dent Ulysses S. Grant con­demned the Klu Klux Klan and or­dered the ar­rest of sev­eral hun­dred peo­ple be­lieved to be in­volved in Klan ac­tiv­i­ties.

In 1915, af­ter ad­mit­ting she helped 200 pa­tri­ots es­cape from oc­cu­pied Bel­gium, Bri­tish nurse Edith Cavell was ex­e­cuted as a spy by the Ger­mans dur­ing the First World War.

In 1917, Prime Min­is­ter Sir Robert Bor­den an­nounced the for­ma­tion of a Union­ist gov­ern­ment, made up of 12 Con­ser­va­tives, nine Lib­er­als and one La­bor rep­re­sen­ta­tive. Bor­den formed the gov­ern­ment in or­der to stand by the con­scrip­tion bill his Con­ser­va­tive gov­ern­ment had passed. In the sub­se­quent elec­tion, the Union­ist gov­ern­ment won a large ma­jor­ity.

In 1918, the Clo­quet Fire erupted in Min­nesota, claim­ing some 450 lives.

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