TODAY IN HISTORY
In A.D. 54, Roman Emperor Claudius I died after being poisoned, apparently at the behest of his wife, Agrippina.
In 1399, King Henry IV of England was crowned. He had usurped the crown from Richard II, beginning the Lancastrian dynasty and planting the seeds of the Wars of the Roses.
In 1710, England gained control of Nova Scotia when the French surrendered Port Royal.
In 1792, U.S. president George Washington laid the cornerstone of the White House.
In 1812, British and Canadian forces under General Sir Isaac Brock defeated the U.S. army at Queenston Heights on the Niagara frontier. Brock was killed during the fighting. Almost 1,000 Americans were taken prisoner while the victors lost only 28 killed and 77 wounded. The victory helped to raise the morale of the inhabitants of Upper Canada and convince them that they could resist conquest by their larger neighbour.
In 1843, the Jewish organization B’nai Brith was founded in New York City.
In 1860, J.B. Black took what was probably the first aerial photograph, from a balloon over Boston.
In 1916, General Motors was incorporated.
In 1943, Italy declared war on Germany, its former Axis partner.
In 1953, Sir Winston Churchill was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature.
In 1960, Bill Mazeroski’s ninth-inning homer gave the Pittsburgh Pirates a 10-9 win over the visiting New York Yankees in Game Seven of the World Series. It was the first homer to end a World Series. (Toronto’s Joe Carter also accomplished the feat in 1993).