The Glengarry News - Glengarry Special - - Discover Glengarry Year-round -

Monkland, once a boom­ing rail­road cen­tre, now a calm, tran­quil, pic­turesque vil­lage, is lo­cated in the Town­ship of Roxbor­ough in the County of Stor­mont. It nes­tles at the cross­roads of Highways 138 and 43.

Monkland’s first set­tlers are be­lieved to have ar­rived in the late 1700s and were of United Em­pire Loy­al­ist de­scent. At the end of the Amer­i­can Revo­lu­tion, the Bri­tish Gov­ern­ment was forced to deal with those Amer­i­cans who had wished to re­main loyal to their monarch. To do this the Bri­tish Gov­ern­ment is­sued grants of free land from Mon­treal west­ward into what is present-day On­tario. Sol­diers and their de­pen­dents were given first op­tions on the lots and so set­tle­ment took place from the river back through­out the con­ces­sions. At one time Monkland was the ter­mi­nal point be­tween Smiths Falls and Mon­treal.There are three dif­fer­ent sto­ries as to how Monkland re­ceived its name. The first of these states that Monkland was named af­ter Sir Charles Stan­ley, fourth Vis­count of Monck who be­came Gover­nor Gen­eral of Canada in 1861.

Another source claims that Monkland was named af­ter a small place out­side Glas­gow, Scot­land. Another source spec­u­lates on sev­eral ref­er­ences to the fact that the com­mu­nity once went by the name of “Muck Land” be­fore 1860 and might have de­ri­sively re­named it Monkland as a ques­tion­able hon­our to Lord Monck.


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