Fewer and big­ger oper­a­tions

The Glengarry News - Glengarry Supplement - - News -

The farm­ing in­dus­try con­tin­ues to evolve.

While the num­ber of farm­ers has dropped sharply in the last 20 years, the size of oper­a­tions has in­creased.

In fact, in the coun­ties of Stor­mont- Dun­das- Glen­garry and Prescott-Rus­sell, there is more agri­cul­tural acreage to­day than there was two decades ago. But this pat­tern bucks a wide­spread trend.

The num­ber of farm oper­a­tions in Stor­mont-Dun­das-Glen­garry has dropped from 2,203 in 1991 to 1,577 in 2011, the last time the Farm Cen­sus was con­ducted.

Dur­ing that same pe­riod, the num­ber of farms in Prescot­tRus­sell de­creased from 1,337 to 987.

These num­bers re­flect pro­vin­cial and re­gional trends. Be­tween 1991 and 2011, the num­ber of farms in eastern On­tario de­creased from 10,655 to 8,007 and from 68,633 to 51,950 across the province.

Acreage

The Cen­sus showed that the to­tal size of farms in the five eastern coun­ties has in­creased. The to­tal area of farms in SD&G went from 471,354 acres in 1991 to 477,607 in 2011. In Prescot­tRus­sell, the to­tal area in­creased from 286,624 to 298,666 in 2011. In eastern On­tario, the to­tal area of farms de­clined, how­ever, from 2,480,000 to 2,258,128 and in the province, the to­tal dropped from 13,470,653 to 12,668,236.

When it comes to in­di­vid­ual oper­a­tions, sizes vary greatly. Some 274 farms in SD&G are be­tween ten and 69 acres in size while 295 are be­tween 70 and 129 acres, 283 are be­tween 240 and 399 acres and 226 are at least 560 acres in size.

Cash crops

Some 527 pro­duc­ers in SD&G are in­volved in oilseed and grain farm­ing, while 352 milk cows.

In the three coun­ties, there are 166 beef farm­ers, ten hog pro­duc­ers, 22 poul­try and egg farm­ers, 41 sheep and goat pro­duc­ers, and 20 veg­etable farm­ers.

The fruit and nut sec­tor ac­counts for 21 oper­a­tions while 29 farm­ers are in­volved in green­house, nurs­ery and hor­ti­cul­ture pro­duc­tion.

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