Six per cent drop in calls

The Glengarry News - Glengarry Supplement - - News -

The Of­fice of the Fire Mar­shal and Emer­gency Man­age­ment (OFMEM) has an his­tor­i­cal data­base which con­tains re­ports filed by fire de­part­ments on ev­ery fire call.

Mu­nic­i­pal fire de­part­ments re­port to the OFMEM on ev­ery call they at­tend (fires and non­fires).

To­tal fires re­ported have been de­creas­ing, even as the num­ber of pop­u­la­tion and struc­tures have been in­creas­ing.

From 2009 to 2013, the num­ber of to­tal calls re­ported – fire and non-fire calls – has de­creased by six per cent from 484,625 in­ci­dents re­ported in 2009 to 455,007 in 2013.

Loss fires are de­fined as any fire with an in­jury, fa­tal­ity or dol­lar loss re­ported.

All loss fires re­ported have de­clined from 12,945 in 2009 to 10,733 in 2013, a drop of 17%.

Struc­ture fires are about 67% (2013) of the to­tal fires with loss. There has been a de­cline from 8,286 in 2009 to 7,191 in 2013 a drop of 13 per cent.

Res­i­den­tial fires ac­count for about 73 per cent of struc­ture fire losses. These fires have also de­creased from 5,914 in 2009 to 5,268 in 2012, a drop of 11 per cent.

From 2009 to 2013, there were 59,353 fires with loss re­ported to the OFMEM. – 47% of these fires oc­curred in res­i­dences – 27% oc­curred in ve­hi­cles.

– 13% of fires oc­curred on land, out­door stor­age, and some struc­tures rang­ing from barns to weather sta­tions.

From 2009 to 2013, there were 38,532 struc­ture fires with loss re­ported.

Fires in res­i­den­tial oc­cu­pan­cies ac­count for 72 per cent of struc­ture loss fires.

Struc­ture fires: Ig­ni­tion source

Be­tween 2009 and 2013 the ig­ni­tion sources in other struc­ture loss fires were: – 18% cook­ing; – 11% miscellaneous, which in­cludes ex­po­sure

fires, nat­u­ral causes, chem­i­cal re­ac­tions; – 9% heat­ing/cool­ing; – 9% elec­tri­cal dis­tri­bu­tion equip­ment – wiring; – 7% cig­a­rettes; – 4% ap­pli­ances; 4% other open flame tools

ex­clud­ing matches, lighters; – 3% other elec­tri­cal, me­chan­i­cal; – 2% can­dles; 2% light­ing; – 1% matches or lighters (ex­clud­ing ar­son fires); – 1% pro­cess­ing equip­ment; About ten per cent of the struc­ture loss fires were sus­pected to be ar­son or van­dal­ism.

Com­par­ing the av­er­age num­ber of fire fa­tal­i­ties shows that struc­ture fires ig­nited by cook­ing

ap­pli­ances have de­clined.

Cook­ing 2009-2013: av­er­age of 1,357 fires per year, a de­cline of 6%.

Heat­ing, cool­ing: av­er­age of 664 fires per year, a de­cline of 19%.

Elec­tri­cal wiring, out­lets: av­er­age of 677 fires per year, a de­cline of 16%.

Cig­a­rettes: 530 fires per year, a de­cline of 3%.

Ap­pli­ances: 341 fires per year, a de­cline of 9%.

From 2009 to 2013 there is de­crease in the num­ber of struc­ture fires ig­nited by cook­ing equip­ment.

Most of these fires oc­cur in res­i­den­tial struc­tures – in 2013 - 90%.

In­juries have var­ied over this pe­riod from 187 in 2009 to a high of 247 in 2012 drop­ping again in 2013 to 219.

The num­ber of fa­tal­i­ties in fires ig­nited by cook­ing equip­ment has steadily dropped over the past five years from a high of 13 in 2009 to a low of four in 2013.

From 2009 to 2012 the num­ber of fires iden­ti­fied as ig­nited by elec­tri­cal equip­ment de­clined from 726 to 633, a drop of 13% in the num­ber of fires.

In 2013, 87% of fires started by lit smok­ing ma­te­ri­als oc­curred in the home.

Cig­a­rettes, are the num­ber one ig­ni­tion source in fa­tal fires.

The num­ber of fa­tal­i­ties in fires started by lit smok­ing ma­te­ri­als showed a sig­nif­i­cant down­ward trend from 30 fa­tal­i­ties in 1996 to 14 in 2002. Be­tween 2009 and 2013 there was a range of seven to 22 deaths.

While the num­ber of fires ig­nited by can­dles is small, it is the only ig­ni­tion source that showed an in­crease in the num­ber of fires to the year 2003. In 1995 there were 206 fires ig­nited by can­dles. By 2003 this had in­creased to 316, an in­crease of 54% when other ig­ni­tion sources were on the de­cline. In 2008 can­dle fires dropped and con­tin­ued to de­cline to 133 in 2012. 2013 saw an in­crease of 3 for a to­tal of 136 fires re­ported.

Fires ig­nited by can­dles outnumber fires ig­nited by matches and lighters.

Ar­son ac­counts for 70% (2013) of the fires ig­nited by matches or lighters.

There was a 38% de­crease in the num­ber of these fires from 226 in 1996 to 140 in 2002, and a 38% de­crease from a high of 100 fires in 2010 to 62 in 2013.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Canada

© PressReader. All rights reserved.