Variety of milk-producing livestock
BY SCOTT CARMICHAEL
News Staff Glengarrians, and Canadians in general, are used to getting their milk primarily from Ayrshires, Holsteins, Guernseys, Jerseys, as well as a handful of other breeds, and, in everincreasing numbers, goats.
And while it’s generally stated that nine out of every 10 glasses of milk consumed worldwide comes from dairy cows, there are also a number of alternative milk-producing livestock for people around the globe.
In the Philippines and a number of other Southeast Asian countries such as Guam, Indonesia and Malaysia, the carabao – a domesticated water buffalo species that is used for a number of farm-related chores such as pulling a cart or wagon to market, or pulling a plow in a farmer's field – is a chief source of milk. Carabao milk is richer and creamier compared to cow’s and goat’s milk due to its high percentage of milk fat, and also contains the same essential protein, vitamins and minerals of that produced by its bovine cousins.
Camel’s milk, widely drunk in Arabic countries reportedly contains 10 times more iron than cow’s milk.
It is also very durable, being able to last for a week in the desert at 30ºC.
And it will also keep for up to three months when properly refrigerated. In the cold climate of Northern Scandinavia, the only source of milk for its Laplander inhabitants is the reindeer, as no other dairy animal can survive the harsh and long wintery conditions typical of that region.
Reindeer’s milk has a fat content of 22 per cent – six times that of cow’s milk.
In southeastern Russia, as well as neighbouring Mongolia and northeastern China, mare’s milk is popular.