Age of Patronage still alive, well?
During the Barbaric Age, in the Stone Ages, savage chiefs wiped out enemy tribes in search of plunder and land. During the Imperial Age, in ancient times, rulers of empires allowed conquered peoples to live, in order to ensure a continuing supply of tribute.
They even protected them from other forces that might have annihilated them or usurped the tribute. During the Feudal Age, in the Middle Ages, lords, with elaborate codes of chivalric honour, provided justice and protection to vassals in return for homage and a share of the produce of the land.
During the Patronage Era, under the spoils system of oldtime politics, political bosses provided patronage to themselves and their supporters. In the Vocational Era, which we hope is emerging, leaders will provide government to citizens in return for a reasonable income which will enable them to maintain themselves and carry on with their responsibilities.
Prince Edward Island is still living in the Patronage Era and is only beginning to emerge into the Vocational Era. Considering what went before, one may suppose that that could be considered progress. Joseph Kenneth Malone, Charlottetown