Doug Sobey to give illustrated talk on Samuel Holland
An illustrated talk, Captain Samuel Holland's 1765 Survey on Prince Edward Island and its Legacy, will be held at the Bedeque Area Historical Society AGM in Bedeque United Church, 7 p.m. on July 20.
2015 marks the 250th anniversary of the completion of a yearlong survey of Prince Edward Island carried out by Holland and his team under the direction of the British government. It culminated in the creation of a 9 foot by 13 foot map which soon became widely known in smallscale printed versions, and which was to provide the blueprint for the development of the Island in the next 100 years. The impact of the map on Prince Edward Island continues up to the present day.
Holland divided the Island into its three counties and chose the sites for the three county towns. He laid out the 67 townships, which were to become the basis for landed proprietorial estates, and so would determine the pattern of settlement. Holland's township and county lines, aligned along the magnetic north of 1764 (15.5 degrees west of true north), determined the orientation of many of the Island's roads, as well as farm and field boundaries.
Holland also assigned over 200 names to natural features around the coast and a large number of these survive as the names of important bays, rivers and points of land, while 99 present-day communities have a name that comes from Holland's survey through name-transfer.
Doug Sobey will describe the historical events behind the creation of the map. He will also assess the accuracy of Holland's map, and the survey's effect on the subsequent colonization and development of Prince Edward Island.
The talk will followed by the annual general meeting of the Bedeque Area Historical Society. There is no admission charge, but donations are welcome. Refreshments will be served.