Doug Sobey to give il­lus­trated talk on Sa­muel Hol­land

The Guardian (Charlottetown) - - COMMUNITY -

An il­lus­trated talk, Cap­tain Sa­muel Hol­land's 1765 Sur­vey on Prince Ed­ward Is­land and its Legacy, will be held at the Bed­eque Area His­tor­i­cal So­ci­ety AGM in Bed­eque United Church, 7 p.m. on July 20.

2015 marks the 250th an­niver­sary of the com­ple­tion of a year­long sur­vey of Prince Ed­ward Is­land car­ried out by Hol­land and his team un­der the di­rec­tion of the Bri­tish gov­ern­ment. It cul­mi­nated in the cre­ation of a 9 foot by 13 foot map which soon be­came widely known in smallscale printed ver­sions, and which was to pro­vide the blue­print for the de­vel­op­ment of the Is­land in the next 100 years. The im­pact of the map on Prince Ed­ward Is­land con­tin­ues up to the present day.

Hol­land di­vided the Is­land into its three coun­ties and chose the sites for the three county towns. He laid out the 67 town­ships, which were to be­come the ba­sis for landed pro­pri­eto­rial es­tates, and so would de­ter­mine the pat­tern of set­tle­ment. Hol­land's town­ship and county lines, aligned along the mag­netic north of 1764 (15.5 de­grees west of true north), de­ter­mined the ori­en­ta­tion of many of the Is­land's roads, as well as farm and field bound­aries.

Hol­land also as­signed over 200 names to nat­u­ral fea­tures around the coast and a large num­ber of these sur­vive as the names of im­por­tant bays, rivers and points of land, while 99 present-day com­mu­ni­ties have a name that comes from Hol­land's sur­vey through name-trans­fer.

Doug Sobey will de­scribe the his­tor­i­cal events be­hind the cre­ation of the map. He will also as­sess the ac­cu­racy of Hol­land's map, and the sur­vey's ef­fect on the sub­se­quent col­o­niza­tion and de­vel­op­ment of Prince Ed­ward Is­land.

The talk will fol­lowed by the an­nual gen­eral meet­ing of the Bed­eque Area His­tor­i­cal So­ci­ety. There is no ad­mis­sion charge, but do­na­tions are welcome. Re­fresh­ments will be served.

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