Sa­muel Hol­land 250-year cel­e­bra­tion to be held at St. An­drew’s Chapel

The Guardian (Charlottetown) - - RELIGION/COMMUNITY -

On July 26, at St. An­drew’s Chapel, the well-known her­itage con­sul­tant Cather­ine Hen­nessey will make a pre­sen­ta­tion en­ti­tled Sa­muel Hol­land - 250 Years Cel­e­bra­tion.

In 1765, 250 years ago, Surveyor Gen­eral Sa­muel Hol­land con­ducted his fa­mous sur­vey of Prince Ed­ward Is­land (then St. John’s Is­land).

The re­sult of that sur­vey, a huge map that pro­vided the first sci­en­tific chart of the Is­land, cre­ated the his­toric di­vi­sions of 67 Lots, 15 ad­min­is­tra­tive parishes and three coun­ties for the is­land.

This map has been of pri­mary sig­nif­i­cance in the history of P.E.I. It pro­vided the ba­sis for the fa­mous auc­tion of 1767 in which most of the Lots were dis­trib­uted to land­lords and ush­ered in the sys­tem of lease­hold land hold­ing which dom­i­nated Is­land life for the next cen­tury. The map has pro­vided the ba­sis on which peo­ple have con­ducted their sys­tems of land hold­ing, pop­u­la­tion set­tle­ment and rep­re­sen­ta­tive gov­ern­ment.

For­tu­nately the map drawn by Hol­land 250 years ago still sur­vives.

The map, made for the use of the Bri­tish Gov­ern­ment, is housed in Lon­don. Cur­rently it is held by the United King­dom Na­tional Ar­chives where it has un­der­gone sev­eral restora­tions, most re­cently in an­tic­i­pa­tion of its 250th an­niver­sary. The large map, three to four me­tres, on loan from the U.K. Na­tional Ar­chives, is on ex­hibit at the Con­fed­er­a­tion Cen­tre of the Arts.

Hen­nessey’s pre­sen­ta­tion at St. An­drew’s com­pli­ments the work of the Sa­muel Hol­land 250 Com­mem­o­ra­tions Com­mit­tee cel­e­brat­ing the an­niver­sary of the Hol­land Map. It should be noted that St. An­drew’s lays claim to a con­nec­tion with the Hol­land fam­ily.

The ceme­tery tran­script pre­pared by the P.E.I. Ge­nealog­i­cal So­ci­ety for St. An­drew’s Ro­man Catholic ceme­tery in Lot 37 has the en­try : HOL­LAND, Mary LISSABE; Con­sort of Colonel John Fred’k HOL­LAND Adj’t Gen’l Nil’a; She died (il­leg­i­ble).

Col. John Fred­er­ick Hol­land was the son, and first child, of Hol­land and Marie-Joseph Rol­let. He is be­lieved to have been born at Ob­ser­va­tion Cove (later Hol­land Cove) on St. John’s Is­land in the win­ter of 1764-1765 while his fa­ther was con­duct­ing his fa­mous sur­vey.

It is be­lieved that John Fred­er­ick was the first white child born on the Is­land and was fre­quently known as “St. John’s Jack”.

Hen­nessey’s pre­sen­ta­tion be­gins at 3 p.m.

Ad­mis­sion is by do­na­tion and a light lunch will be pro­vided. St. An­drew’s Chapel is lo­cated 3 km. east of Mount Stewart on Route 2.

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