Samuel Holland 250-year celebration to be held at St. Andrew’s Chapel
On July 26, at St. Andrew’s Chapel, the well-known heritage consultant Catherine Hennessey will make a presentation entitled Samuel Holland - 250 Years Celebration.
In 1765, 250 years ago, Surveyor General Samuel Holland conducted his famous survey of Prince Edward Island (then St. John’s Island).
The result of that survey, a huge map that provided the first scientific chart of the Island, created the historic divisions of 67 Lots, 15 administrative parishes and three counties for the island.
This map has been of primary significance in the history of P.E.I. It provided the basis for the famous auction of 1767 in which most of the Lots were distributed to landlords and ushered in the system of leasehold land holding which dominated Island life for the next century. The map has provided the basis on which people have conducted their systems of land holding, population settlement and representative government.
Fortunately the map drawn by Holland 250 years ago still survives.
The map, made for the use of the British Government, is housed in London. Currently it is held by the United Kingdom National Archives where it has undergone several restorations, most recently in anticipation of its 250th anniversary. The large map, three to four metres, on loan from the U.K. National Archives, is on exhibit at the Confederation Centre of the Arts.
Hennessey’s presentation at St. Andrew’s compliments the work of the Samuel Holland 250 Commemorations Committee celebrating the anniversary of the Holland Map. It should be noted that St. Andrew’s lays claim to a connection with the Holland family.
The cemetery transcript prepared by the P.E.I. Genealogical Society for St. Andrew’s Roman Catholic cemetery in Lot 37 has the entry : HOLLAND, Mary LISSABE; Consort of Colonel John Fred’k HOLLAND Adj’t Gen’l Nil’a; She died (illegible).
Col. John Frederick Holland was the son, and first child, of Holland and Marie-Joseph Rollet. He is believed to have been born at Observation Cove (later Holland Cove) on St. John’s Island in the winter of 1764-1765 while his father was conducting his famous survey.
It is believed that John Frederick was the first white child born on the Island and was frequently known as “St. John’s Jack”.
Hennessey’s presentation begins at 3 p.m.
Admission is by donation and a light lunch will be provided. St. Andrew’s Chapel is located 3 km. east of Mount Stewart on Route 2.