5 facts

ABOUT CERE­BRAL PALSY

The Guardian (Charlottetown) - - PERSPECTIVES -

It is the most com­mon phys­i­cal dis­abil­ity in child­hood.

Cere­bral palsy is an um­brella term for a group of dis­or­ders. It is a con­di­tion that is per­ma­nent, but not un­chang­ing.

It can range from weak­ness in one hand, to an al­most com­plete lack of vol­un­tary move­ment. Peo­ple with sig­nif­i­cant phys­i­cal dis­abil­ity may re­quire 24 hour a day care.

Spas­tic hemi­ple­gia, where one half of the body has dif­fi­culty with vol­un­tary move­ment, is the most com­mon pre­sen­ta­tion of cere­bral palsy. Ap­prox­i­mately 40 per cent of peo­ple with cere­bral palsy have hemi­ple­gia.

Med­i­cal spe­cial­ists may pre­scribe med­i­ca­tions that as­sist move­ment is­sues. Some med­i­ca­tions are taken orally and oth­ers are in­jected or de­liv­ered through sur­gi­cally im­planted pumps. Many chil­dren with cere­bral palsy ben­e­fit from Bo­tulinum toxin type A in­jec­tions into mus­cles af­fected by spas­tic­ity.

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