IOC won’t ban Russia from Games
Olympic leaders have stopped short of imposing a complete ban on Russia from the Rio de Janeiro Games, leaving individual global sports federations to decide which athletes should be cleared to compete.
The decision, announced Sunday after a three-hour meeting of the International Olympic Committee’s executive board, came just 12 days before the Aug. 5 opening of the Games.
“We had to balance the collective responsibility and the individual justice to which every human being and athlete is entitled to,” IOC president Thomas Bach said.
The IOC rejected calls from the World Anti-Doping Agency and many other antidoping bodies to exclude the entire Russian Olympic team following allegations of state-sponsored cheating.
Russia’s track and field athletes have already been banned by the IAAF, the sport’s governing body, a decision that was upheld Thursday by the Court of Arbitration for Sport, and was accepted by the IOC again on Sunday.
Calls for a complete ban on Russia intensified after Richard McLaren, a Canadian lawyer commissioned by WADA, issued a report Monday accusing Russia’s sports ministry of overseeing a vast doping program of its Olympic athletes.
But the IOC board, meeting via teleconference, decided against the ultimate sanction, which was in line with
Bach’s recent statements stressing the need to take individual justice into account.
“An athlete should not suffer and should not be sanctioned for a system in which he was not implicated,” Bach told reporters on a conference call after Sunday’s meeting.
Bach acknowledged the decision “might not please everybody.”
“This is not about expectations,” he said. “This is about doing justice to clean athletes all over the world.”
Russian Olympic Committee president Alexander Zhukov presented his case to the IOC board at the beginning of Sunday’s meeting, promising full co-operation with investigations and guaranteeing “a complete and comprehensive restructuring of the Russian antidoping system.”
The IOC also rejected the application by Russian whistleblower Yulia Stepanova, the 800-metre runner and former doper who helped expose the doping scandal in her homeland, to compete under a neutral flag at the Games.
The IOC said Stepanova, now living in the United States, did not meet the criteria for running under the IOC flag and, because she had committed doping violations, did not satisfy the “ethical requirements” to compete in the Games. However, the IOC added that it would invite her and her husband, Vitaly Stepanov, to attend the Games.
While deciding against an outright ban, the IOC said it was imposing tough eligibility conditions, including barring entry for the Rio Games of any Russian athlete who has ever been sanctioned for doping.
The IOC said it would accept the entry only of those Russian athletes who meet certain conditions set out for the 28 international federations to apply.
The federations “should carry out an individual analysis of each athlete’s antidoping record, taking in account only reliable adequate international tests ... in order to ensure a level playing field,” the IOC said.
The committee asked the federations to examine the information and names of athletes and sports implicated in the McLaren report. Any of those implicated should not be allowed into the Games, it said.
The IOC said the federations would have to apply their own rules if they want to ban an entire Russian team from their events in Rio, as the IAAF has already done for track and field.
Russian entries must be examined and upheld by an expert from the Court of Arbitration for Sport, the IOC said.
Russian athletes who are cleared for the Games will be subjected to a “rigorous additional out-of-competition testing program.”
The decision was loaded with geopolitical ramifications.
Russia faces a possible ban from the Paralympic Games. Citing evidence in McLaren’s report of doping among Russian Paralympic athletes, the International Paralympic Committee said Friday it will decide next month whether to exclude the country from the Sept. 7 to 18 event in Rio.