Iraqi entrepreneurs find business success in smartphone apps
BAGHDAD — It didn’t take long for Ahmed Subhi and his friends to figure out the best project to launch amid Iraq’s acute economic crisis. They just looked at their phones. Subhi became the co-founder of Baghdad’s popular food ordering and delivery app called Wajbety, or My Meal.
“When we were mulling business ideas to be introduced in Iraq, mobile apps came first to our minds, given the wide access to Internet and smartphones by Iraqis and the absence of such business,” the 40-year-old Subhi said in his office in Baghdad’s upscale Mansour neighbourhood.
As he spoke, employees wearing headsets typed away at laptops, processing orders for restaurants.
Iraq’s young, tech-savvy entrepreneurs are finding business opportunities in mobile apps at a time when the government is strapped for cash and looking to the private sector to create jobs.
They have seen the success abroad of businesses such as food ordering, ride hailing and online shopping, and are adapting them for Iraq, where years of conflict and economic hardship have taken their toll.
Oil revenue makes up nearly 95 per cent of Iraq’s budget, but the country has been reeling under an economic crisis since 2014, when prices began falling from a high of above $100 US a barrel.
The seizure of territory across Iraq by the Islamic State group in 2014 worsened the situation. Badly needed resources were diverted from productive investment to fight a long and costly insurgency. Growth has been stunted, with poverty and unemployment on the rise.
Iraq has one of the most youthful populations in the world, with about 60 per cent of its 2015 estimate of 37 million under the age of 25, according to the United Nations.
But decades of war, government mismanagement and the failure to encourage private sector initiatives have made many in Iraq look only to the public sector as a place for jobs that provide incentives and pensions.
The unemployment rate in 2016 was 16 per cent, up from 15.5 per cent in 2015 and 14.9 per cent in 2014, according to the World Bank.
“Iraqis have long linked their life to the government and its budget, and therefore we don’t have the business mentality, mainly among youths,” said Mahmoud Daghir, general director of the Financial Operations Department at the Central Bank of Iraq.
“The youths have developed an idea that a university degree automatically leads to a comfortable public-sector job,” he said.
But that sector is hugely bloated, with about five million employees, in addition to the security forces. In fact, the government has stopped hiring, except in health care.
In a bid to create up to 250,000 private-sector jobs, the government last year started a $5-billion initiative for small, medium and large projects called Tamwil, or Finance, which is run by the Central Bank, Daghir said. The loans run for five years with interest rate of no more than 4.5 per cent.
Subhi decided not to seek a public sector job. In 2009, he established his Baghdad-based IT Training House Co., along with three friends. It offered IT services, education and products.
“As contracts with government agencies were not available anymore, we had to find an exit,” he said.
“Then, we decided to introduce app business to Iraq.”