Reserve in crisis gets new mental health workers
Hoskins announces funding for remote Pikangikum First Nation as it struggles with wave of suicides
Ontario Health Minister Eric Hoskins is announcing funding for 20 full-time mentalhealth workers for Pikangikum First Nation — a remote community struggling with a suicide crisis and pressing mental-health needs from about 380 people seeking counselling.
The mental-health workers will be going to the reserve, located near the Ontario and Manitoba border, immediately at a cost of about $1.6 million, Hoskins said.
“This can’t be an issue of jurisdiction,” Hoskins said in an interview with The Canadian Press.
“We heard directly from the chief … as well as others that the situation on the ground in Pikangikum, just how grave it is and the need for trauma counselling as well as broader mental-health supports for children and youth at risk.”
There are eight mental-health workers on the ground at the moment jointly funded by the province and the federal government, he said.
Pikangikum has had a longstanding battle with suicide; at least four young people have taken their lives in the remote community recently.
Ontario is also announcing what it calls a new Indigenous youth and community wellness secretariat designed to co-ordinate and speed up government efforts while it also works with Indigenous partners and Ottawa, Hoskins said.
“It will become, essentially, a onestop shop for … our Indigenous partners if a response is required or if there is a circumstance that requires an urgent response,” he said.
“We expect next week it will start … It will be a full-time secretariat to almost fast-track key files whether it is in health or education.”
Hoskins’ announcements come as he prepares to meet Monday in Ottawa with federal Health Minister Jane Philpott and Nishnawbe Aski Nation Grand Chief Alvin Fiddler — the head of an umbrella organization representing 49 communities in northern Ontario.
The group is expected to sign a charter of principles aiming to transform the health-care system for First Nations.
Philpott and Hoskins have both agreed profound change will be required to end the suicide crisis — although Indigenous health experts want to see concrete commitments out of Monday’s meeting, including more control at the level of First Nations.
Dr. Michael Kirlew, a physician based in Sioux Lookout, Ont., believes the Indigenous youth suicide crisis in northern Ontario and elsewhere will not be addressed unless there is a fundamental rethink of the way care is delivered.
“The health-care system … First Nations people receive is not equal,” he said, noting Canada has grown accustomed to witnessing this injustice.
“It is inferior … It is not equitable. The children, whether they are in Pikangikum, Summer Beaver, Wapekeka, they do not have access to mental health services they need, period.”
Indigenous health has been focused on measuring the number of dollars spent as opposed to health outcomes, added Dr. Alika Lafontaine, the past president of the Indigenous Physicians Association of Canada. That needs to change, he said. “When you’re talking about health transformation, what you’re really looking at is changing the intent of the system to achieve a different outcome,” he said.
“In Indigenous health, what you’re trying to do is create an outcome that’s different than our colonial outcome which was extinguishing the rights of Indigenous people through land and resources.”
Bob Nault, a Liberal MP who represents an Ontario riding that encompasses reserves including Pikangikum, agrees the health-care system as it stands now is not capable of producing sustainable, longterm results.
He said he has been witnessing the same problem for the past 30 years, including as a former Indigenous affairs minister under former prime minister Jean Chrétien.
“We can’t keep doing the same thing over and over again and put a little Band-Aid on it and say ‘we’re doing it differently,’” he said. “We are not doing it differently so far, that I’ve seen.”
A cross in her family’s backyard marks the grave of a 15-year-old girl who killed herself at Pikangikum First Nation, a northern Ontario reserve that has one of the highest suicide rates in the world.