High­lights from 2016 cen­sus

On­tario cen­tre of liv­ing-at-home trend — 42.1 % of young adults live with a par­ent

The Hamilton Spectator - - CANADA & WORLD -

OT­TAWA — High­lights from Wed­nes­day’s lat­est batch of data from the 2016 cen­sus, this one fo­cused on fam­i­lies, house­holds, mar­i­tal sta­tus and lan­guage:

The Cana­dian house­hold av­er­aged just 2.4 peo­ple in 2016, com­pared with 5.6 peo­ple in 1871.

More than one in three Cana­di­ans aged 20-34 — 34.7 per cent — were liv­ing with at least one par­ent in 2016, com­pared with 30.6 per cent in 2001. Dur­ing that same pe­riod, the per­cent­age of peo­ple in that age group liv­ing with a fam­ily of their own fell from 49.1 per cent to 41.9 per cent.

The liv­ing-at-home phe­nom­e­non is most pro­nounced in On­tario, with 42.1 per cent of young adults liv­ing with a par­ent, a 20.3 per cent in­crease over 2001. In Toronto and Oshawa, the ra­tio was more than 47 per cent.

Just over 28 per cent of all house­holds com­prised a sin­gle per­son in 2016 — the high­est share of one-per­son house­holds since 1867, mak­ing it the most com­mon liv­ing ar­range­ment in Canada for the first time ever; 53.7 per cent of them were women.

Three in 10 chil­dren in Canada were liv­ing in non-tra­di­tional fam­ily ar­range­ments, such as in a lone-par­ent fam­ily, a step­fam­ily, with grand­par­ents or other rel­a­tives, or as fos­ter chil­dren. Statis­tics Canada counted 28,030 fos­ter chil­dren aged 14 and un­der in Canada in 2016.

Cou­ples with chil­dren made up 26.5 per cent of all house­holds, down from 31.5 per cent in 2001.

More than one mil­lion chil­dren, or 19.2 per cent, were liv­ing in a sin­gle-par­ent fam­ily in 2016, up from 17.8 per cent in 2001. Of those, 81.3 per cent lived with their mother. Dur­ing that same pe­riod, how­ever, the num­ber liv­ing with their fa­ther grew 34.5 per cent.

There were 72,880 same-sex cou­ples in Canada in 2016, a 60.7 per cent in­crease over 2006. One-third of them were mar­ried, and about 12 per cent — most of them women — were liv­ing with chil­dren.

One-third (33 per cent) of women aged 65 and older were liv­ing alone in 2016, down from 38.3 per cent in 2001, com­pared with 17.5 per cent of men. 51.4 per cent of se­nior women re­ported be­ing part of a mar­ried or com­mon-law cou­ple, up from 44.4 per cent in 2001.

While mar­ried cou­ples still dom­i­nate, 21.3 per cent of all cou­ples were liv­ing com­mon-law in 2016, com­pared with 6.3 per cent in 1981.

Multi­gen­er­a­tional house­holds — at least three gen­er­a­tions of the same fam­ily — was the fastest-grow­ing house­hold type in 2016, grow­ing by 37.5 per cent com­pared with 21.7 per cent for all house­holds. Some 2.2 mil­lion Cana­di­ans lived in a multi­gen­er­a­tional house­hold in 2016.

Nearly 7.6 mil­lion Cana­di­ans re­ported speak­ing a lan­guage other than English or French at home in 2016, an in­crease of 14.5 per cent since 2011.

The rate of English-French bilin­gual­ism was 18 per cent last year, the high­est ever. How­ever, French as a mother tongue fell to 21.3 per cent in 2016, com­pared with 22 per cent in 2011. In Que­bec, that rate was 78.4 per cent, down from 79.7 per cent five years ear­lier.

Ta­ga­log (Filipino) was the fastest-grow­ing lan­guage in Canada, in­creas­ing by 35 per cent over 2011 fig­ures, fol­lowed by Ara­bic (30 per cent), Farsi (26.7 per cent), Hindi (26.1 per cent) and Urdu (25 per cent).

Some 228,770 peo­ple re­ported speak­ing an In­dige­nous lan­guage at home, while only 213,230 re­port­ing hav­ing an In­dige­nous mother tongue — ev­i­dence that more peo­ple are adopt­ing them as a sec­ond lan­guage.

19.4 per cent of the Cana­dian pop­u­la­tion re­ported speak­ing more than one lan­guage at home, up from 17.5 per cent in 2011.

JEFF MCIN­TOSH, THE CANA­DIAN PRESS

Three in 10 chil­dren in Canada were liv­ing in non-tra­di­tional fam­ily ar­range­ments in 2016. Louise Hutchi­son’s grand­daugh­ters, nine-year-old Co­ra­lynn, left, six-year-old Ri­ley, top, and Hayleigh, three, live with Hutchi­son and her hus­band in Air­drie, Alta.

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