The Intelligencer (Belleville) - - NEWS -

In 1314, 39 Knights Tem­plar were burned at the stake in Paris. Cre­ated to pro­tect pil­grims go­ing to the Holy Land, the mil­i­tary or­der had grown wealthy after the Cru­sades. Per­haps be­cause of jeal­ousy, they were ac­cused of sodomy, blas­phemy, and heresy. Many schol­ars now con­sider them to have been in­no­cent.

In 1584, Ivan IV, the first czar of Rus­sia, also known as Ivan the Ter­ri­ble, died.

In 1718, the first in­oc­u­la­tion against dis­ease took place in Eng­land, when Mary Wort­ley Mon­tagu in­oc­u­lated her son against small­pox. The in­jec­tion was suc­cess­ful.

In 1836, the Hud­son’s Bay Co. steamer “Beaver,” the first on the Pa­cific coast, ar­rived at Fort Van­cou­ver.

In 1837, Grover Cleve­land, twice pres­i­dent of the United States, was born. Cleve­land, a Demo­crat, first served from 1885-89. He lost the next elec­tion to Ben­jamin Har­ri­son, even though he cap­tured more of the pop­u­lar vote. He re­turned as pres­i­dent in 1893, re­tir­ing in 1897.

In 1858, en­gine in­ven­tor Ru­dolph Diesel was born in Ger­many.

In 1869, Arthur Neville Cham­ber­lain, Bri­tish prime min­is­ter from 1937-40, was born in Birm­ing­ham.

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