TODAY IN HISTORY
In 1413, England’s King Henry IV died; he was succeeded by Henry V. In 1455, when Guido di Pietro became a monk at Fiesole, he changed his name to Giovanni and became known as Giovanni da Fiesole. Italians called him Beato, Blessed One. But 14 years after his death, on this day, he was given the name by which he is best known: Fra Angelico, or angelic father. He gained renown as a masterful painter, first illuminating manuscripts and later creating altarpieces. Thanks to him, the Vatican possesses portraits of many of his contemporaries, including Thomas Aquinas. He’s considered one of the greatest artists of the medieval period. In 1686, an expedition of about 100 men commanded by Pierre de Troyes set out from Montreal to James Bay. The governor of New France, Jacques-Rene Denonville, ordered the troops to expel the English and capture unauthorized traders. The English at Moose Factory quickly succumbed on June 20. De Troyes next occupied Rupert House on July 3, and with the captured English ship “Craven,” took Fort Albany before sailing back to Quebec. In 1727, Sir Isaac Newton died at age 84. The English mathematician and philosopher discovered the law of gravity.