TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

The Intelligencer (Belleville) - - NEWS -

In 1321, Ital­ian poet Dante Alighieri died. In 1752, the Gre­go­rian cal­en­dar was of­fi­cially adopted by the Bri­tish Em­pire and its colonies in Amer­ica.

In 1812, the Rus­sians set fire to Moscow be­fore Napoleon’s tri­umphant march into the city. Three-fourths of the city was de­stroyed in the next few days. Napoleon re­mained in Moscow for about a month while cold and hunger dec­i­mated the Grande Armee.

In 1814, the poem “De­fence of Fort McHenry” (later be­com­ing the lyrics to “The Star-Span­gled Ban­ner”) was writ­ten by Fran­cis Scott Key fol­low­ing the Bri­tish shelling of Fort McHenry in Mary­land. The morn­ing af­ter, Key saw the Amer­i­can flag still fly­ing over the fortress and wrote his poem. It was set to the tune of an English drink­ing song and it was des­ig­nated as the U.S. na­tional an­them in 1916 by President Woodrow Wil­son, and his or­der was con­firmed by an act of Congress in 1931.

In 1847, U.S. troops cap­tured Mex­ico City dur­ing the Mex­i­can War.

In 1868, golf’s first recorded hole-in-one was scored by Scots­man Tom Mor­ris at Prest­wick’s 166-yard 8th hole dur­ing the Open Cham­pi­onship (known in North Amer­ica as the Bri­tish Open).

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