At risk, in your backyard
BRITISH COLUMBIA: Southern resident killer whales Found around Vancouver Island, as far north as Haida Gwaii and as far south as California, southern resident killer whales (part of the orca family) have a population of just 78. This is partly because their preferred prey, Chinook salmon, are also endangered. PRAIRIES: Swift Fox The story of the swift fox is one of cautious optimism. Roughly the size of house cats, swift foxes once lived across the prairies, but were driven out and killed as the land was converted to farmland. Then, in 1973, Canada began a captive breeding program for the foxes, and started reintroducing them to the wild 10 years later. As of 2009, there were an estimated 647 foxes in the country, and they were downgraded from endangered to threatened in 2012. SOUTHERN CANADA: Bobolink Researchers say the bobolink population has shrunk by 88 per cent in the last 40 years. The small songbirds often nest on the ground in hay fields, and are frequently killed when fields are mowed before the young can fly. ONTARIO AND QUEBEC: Jefferson salamander They’re not animals of great beauty, but the slick, browngrey Jefferson salamanders have become such a source of concern in Ontario that the city of Burlington now shuts down a stretch of road every spring to let them cross to their breeding ponds unharmed. While the species isn’t at risk globally, it’s now listed as endangered in Canada.