Iqbal Day: Pak­istan to cel­e­brate 140th birth­day of na­tional poet on 9 Nov

The Miracle - - Pakistan/kashmir -

The na­tion cel­e­brated the 140th birth an­niver­sary of na­tional poet Al­lama Muham­mad Iqbal on Novem­ber 9 with tra­di­tional zeal and fer­vor across the coun­try. In line with me­dia re­ports, spe­cial prayers will be held in the mosques for the peace, na­tional in­tegrity, pros­per­ity and de­vel­op­ment of the coun­try. Iqbal Manzil’s care­taker said that the main birth­day cake cut­ting cer­e­mony would be held at the Iqbal Manzil where peo­ple from all walks of life will par­tic­i­pate and the stu­dents of dif­fer­ent schools and col­leges and their teach­ers will visit the Iqbal Manzil where Kalaam-eIqbal and speech con­tests will be held. I qbal was born on 9 Novem­ber 1877 in Sialkot within the Pun­jab Prov­ince of Bri­tish In­dia (now in Pak­istan). His grand­par­ents were Kash­miri Pan­dits, Brah­mins of the Sapru clan from Kash­mir who con­verted to Is­lam.In the 19th cen­tury, when the Sikh Em­pire was con­quer­ing Kash­mir, his grand­fa­ther’s fam­ily mi­grated to Pun­jab. Iqbal of­ten men­tioned and commemorated his Kash­miri lin­eage in his writ­ings. Iqbal’s fa­ther, Sheikh Noor Muham­mad (died 1930), was a tailor, not for­mally ed­u­cated but a re­li­gious man.[18][19] Iqbal’s mother Imam Bibi was ev­i­dently a Sialkoti Pun­jabi. Iqbal’s mother Imam Bibi, a lo­cal Pun­jabi Mus­lim, was de­scribed as a po­lite and hum­ble woman who helped the poor and her neigh­bours with their prob­lems. She died on 9 Novem­ber 1914 in Sialkot.[16][20] Iqbal loved his mother, and on her death he ex­pressed his feel­ings of pathos in a po­etic form el­egy. Who would wait for me anx­iously in my na­tive place?Who would dis­play rest­less­ness if my let­ter fails to ar­rive? I will visit thy grave with this com­plaint: Who will now think of me in mid­night prayers? All thy life thy love served me with de­vo­tion—When I be­came fit to serve thee, thou hast de­parted. Af­ter suf­fer­ing for months from his ill­ness, Iqbal died in La­hore on 21 April 1938.[8][12] His tomb is lo­cated in Hazuri Bagh, the en­closed gar­den be­tween the en­trance of the Bad­shahi Mosque and the La­hore Fort, and of­fi­cial guards are pro­vided by the Gov­ern­ment of Pak­istan. Iqbal, Jin­nah and con­cept of Pak­istan Ide­o­log­i­cally sep­a­rated from Congress Mus­lim lead­ers, Iqbal had also been dis­il­lu­sioned with the politi­cians of the Mus­lim League ow­ing to the fac­tional con­flict that plagued the League in the 1920s. Dis­con­tent with fac­tional lead­ers like Muham­mad Shafi and Fazl-ur-Rahman, Iqbal came to be­lieve that only Jin­nah was a po­lit­i­cal leader ca­pa­ble of pre­serv­ing unity and ful­fill­ing the League’s ob­jec­tives of Mus­lim po­lit­i­cal em­pow­er­ment. Build­ing a strong, per­sonal cor­re­spon­dence with Jin­nah, Iqbal was an in­flu­en­tial force in con­vinc­ing Jin­nah to end his self-im­posed ex­ile in Lon­don, re­turn to In­dia and take charge of the League. Iqbal firmly be­lieved that Jin­nah was the only leader ca­pa­ble of draw­ing In­dian Mus­lims to the League and main­tain­ing party unity be­fore the Bri­tish and the Congress: I know you are a busy man but I do hope you won’t mind my writ­ing to you of­ten, as you are the only Mus­lim in In­dia to­day to whom the com­mu­nity has right to look up for safe guid­ance through the storm which is com­ing to North-West In­dia and, per­haps, to the whole of In­dia.[36] While Iqbal es­poused the idea of Mus­lim­ma­jor­ity prov­inces in 1930, Jin­nah would con­tinue to hold talks with the Congress through the decade and only of­fi­cially em­braced the goal of Pak­istan in 1940. Some his­to­ri­ans pos­tu­late that Jin­nah al­ways re­mained hope­ful for an agree­ment with the Congress and never fully de­sired the par­ti­tion of In­dia.[37] Iqbal’s close cor­re­spon­dence with Jin­nah is spec­u­lated by some his­to­ri­ans as hav­ing been re­spon­si­ble for Jin­nah’s em­brace of the idea of Pak­istan. Iqbal elu­ci­dated to Jin­nah his vi­sion of a separate Mus­lim state in a let­ter sent on 21 June 1937:

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