Was the Qu­ran taught to the Prophet by priests ?

The Miracle - - Faith - BY: MUHITTIN AKGUL

This is an idea that mod­ern ori­en­tal­ists put for­ward; it is in­ter­est­ing, how­ever that no one raised such ob­jec­tions at the time when Prophet Muham­mad was alive. Un­like the ori­en­tal­ists, no one at that time sug­gested that when the Prophet met with the monk Bahira dur­ing his child­hood he had re­ceived cer­tain re­li­gious in­for­ma­tion from him, and no one al­leged that he had re­ceived re­li­gious in­for­ma­tion from Chris­tian monks or Jewish rab­bis dur­ing jour­neys he made with car­a­vans. More­over, if he had re­ceived all his knowl­edge from the monk Bahira and dur­ing the jour­neys he made later when he was 25, then it could jus­ti­fi­ably be asked why did Prophet Muham­mad not claim Prophet­hood un­til he was forty years old? The peo­ple of Mecca did not raise any such base­less al­le­ga­tions re­gard­ing the era prior to the Prophet-hood; rather their ob­jec­tions were only con­cerned with the era of the Prophet-hood. The peo­ple in Mecca who made ob­jec­tions put for­ward ar­gu­ments like: “This fel­low does not know how to read or write, and thus he could not have ob­tained any knowl­edge from books. He has been liv­ing among us for 40 years, but we have never heard any of the things that he is now com­mu­ni­cat­ing from him be­fore. There­fore, some­one must be help­ing him when peo­ple were at home and giv­ing him se­cretly ex­pres­sions from the scrip­tures of the past. He is quickly learn­ing and recit­ing th­ese to other peo­ple as divine rev­e­la­tions dur­ing the day. This is noth­ing more than de­cep­tion.” The names of the three peo­ple who were al­leged to be help­ing him are even men­tioned in some re­ports. Th­ese peo­ple who were of the Peo­ple of the Book were such un­let­tered Mec­cans as Ad­das, who was the freed slave of Huwaytib ibn Ab­dul Uzza, Yasar, who was the freed slave of Ala ibn al-Hadrarmi, and Jabr, who was the freed slave of Amr ibn Rabia. The fact that the Qu­ran di­rectly re­jected this, rather than re­spond­ing to the poly­the­ists claims can be bet­ter un­der­stood if the fol­low­ing points are taken into con­sid­er­a­tion: a. The poly­the­ists in Mecca did noth­ing at all to prove their al­le­ga­tions. They would cer­tainly have acted if their al­le­ga­tions had been b true. They h would ld of­ten f h have raided, id d for in­stance, the houses of the Prophet and any one whom they thought might have been help­ing them, seiz­ing any­thing used in such a de­ceit to prove that the claim of prophet-hood was a “lie.” It would not have been dif­fi­cult for the Mec­can poly­the­ists to do such a thing, as we can see that they did not hes­i­tate to ap­ply or im­ple­ment all sorts of ac­tions, in­clud­ing tor­ture; they were not bound by any sort of moral obli­ga­tion. b. Those who were thought to be help­ing the Prophet were not un­known in the city. The fact that they were un­e­d­u­cated was known well in Mecca. The poly­the­ists them­selves knew very well that such il­lit­er­ate peo­ple could not have pro­vided any help in pro­duc­ing a glo­ri­ous book like the Qu­ran, which is an ex­tra­or­di­nary marvel of the high­est lit­er­ary skill. Thus, even those who did not know th­ese eman­ci­pated slaves very well were aware that such an al­le­ga­tion was non­sen­si­cal and mean­ing­less. In ad­di­tion, why did such so­called helpers not claim the prophet-hood for them­selves if they had such abil­i­ties? c. More­over, all the so-called helpers were for­mer slaves still bound to their masters, even though they had been eman­ci­pated, ac­cord­ing to Ara­bian tra­di­tions. Thus, they would not have wanted to help the Prophet in his claim as their masters would have put pres­sure on them with no tol­er­ance on their ex­is­tence in Mecca if they had done so. d. Above and be­yond all else, th­ese so­called helpers all con­verted to Is­lam. Is it pos­si­ble to con­ceive that those who helped Prophet Muham­mad would be de­ceived by his “trick” thus bind­ing them­selves to him? Let us even pre­sume for a mo­ment that they helped the Prophet, then, why was not even one of them not given a higher po­si­tion or sta­tus in re­turn for his ser­vices or help? Why were Ad- das, d Yasar or Jabr b not given i higher hi h sta­tus than Abu Bakr, Umar or Abu Ubayda? If the prophet-hood was a de­cep­tion staged with the help of th­ese so-called as­sis­tants, we must ask why this help stayed se­cret even from the clos­est and most de­voted Com­pan­ions of the Prophet, for ex­am­ple, Ali ibn Abu Talib, Abu Bakr, or ayd ibn Haritha. Thus, not only is such an ac­cu­sa­tion is false, God did not even deem it wor­thy of a re­ply in the Qu­ran. Rather the Divine ori­gin of the Qu­ran is pro­claimed: Those who dis­be­lieve say: “This (Qu­ran) is but a fab­ri­ca­tion which he (Muham­mad) him­self has in­vented, and some oth­ers have helped him with it, so they have pro­duced a wrong and a false­hood.” They also say: “(It con­sists of) only fa­bles of the an­cients which he has got writ­ten. They are be­ing read to him in early morn­ings and evenings (while peo­ple are at home).” Say: “(It is a Book full of knowl­edge re­veal­ing many se­crets such as no hu­man be­ing could in any wise dis­cover by him­self) He Who knows all the se­crets con­tained in the heav­ens and the earth sends it down (to teach you some of th­ese se­crets and guide you in your life so that you may at­tain hap­pi­ness in both worlds). He surely is All-For­giv­ing, All-Com­pas­sion­ate.” (Furqan 25: 4-6) There can­not be a worse lie than that of Qu­raysh poly­the­ists, as they them­selves knew much bet­ter than any­one else that such ex­pres­sions were noth­ing more than base­less claims. The chief­tains who spread such ideas among the pub­lic would cer­tainly have been aware that the Qu­ran, which was re­cited by Prophet Muham­mad could not have been a “hu­man word” their lin­guis­tic and es­thetic sen­si­bil­i­ties were too de­vel­oped not to be aware of this re­al­ity. In ad­di­tion, be­fore he was called to Prophet­hood, Muham­mad was rec­og­nized as an up­right and trust­wor­thy per­son, one who never lied or cheated any­one. Why would such a per­son in­vent a lie against God or at­tribute to Him some­thing that was not His? But, such de­ceit and ru­mors were spread among the peo­ple; th­ese pow­er­ful peo­ple were not only blindly stub­born, they also feared los­ing their so­cial sta­tus which was con­nected to their be­ing seen to be the re­li­gious lead­ers of so­ci­ety. The poor and il­lit­er­ate peo­ple were not able to dif­fer­en­ti­ate es­thet­i­cally per­fect lit­er­ary works from those which were not. Hence, the sta­tus seek­ing chief­tains tried to take ad­van­tage of the peo­ple’s il­lit­er­acy, and said: “This is but a fab­ri­ca­tion which he him­self has in­vented, and some oth­ers have helped him with it.” (Furqan 25:4) The poly­the­ist Qu­raysh Chief­tains were speak­ing of the three non-Arab eman­ci­pated slaves when us­ing the word “oth­ers.” The Qu­ran goes on to speak of their non­sen­si­cal al­le­ga­tions with re­spect to the Prophet and the Rev­e­la­tion he re­ceived: “They also say: (It con­sists of) only fa­bles of the an­cients which he has got writ­ten. They are be­ing read to him in early morn­ings and evening.” (Furqan 25:5) Such ar­gu­ments and al­le­ga­tions were de­pen­dent on the sto­ries of an­cient na­tions found in the Qu­ran. The Qu­ran re­lated sto­ries con­nected to ear­lier na­tions, of­fer­ing them as de­ter­rents for the read­ers. The poly­the­ists claimed that th­ese fac­tual sto­ries were “fa­bles of the an­cients” re­cited to him se­cretly by th­ese nonArab eman­ci­pated slaves that he sub­se­quently con­veyed them to other peo­ple. They were try­ing to claim that Prophet Muham­mad was forg­ing the Qu­ran with the help, of th­ese for­eign slaves. They were well aware that such a claim was ridicu­lous, for how could such a book have been in­vented by a per­son, even if oth­ers were to help him? If this had been the case, then what was stop­ping oth­ers from in­vent­ing some­thing sim­i­lar? Why could they not make an ef­fort like the Prophet had and in­vent a book sim­i­lar to it, helped by oth­ers? There were plenty of peo­ple who would have been will­ing to back up each other with help and sup­port. Prophet Muham­mad chal­lenged them to do just this, but the poly­the­ists were un­able to re­spond to the chal­lenge.

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