The Peterborough Examiner - - NEWS -

In 1280, Ger­man the­olo­gian and mu­sic the­o­rist Al­ber­tus Mag­nus died. Mag­nus taught famed philoso­pher Thomas Aquinas.

In 1492, Christo­pher Colum­bus noted in his jour­nal the use of to­bacco among the In­di­ans. It was the first recorded ref­er­ence to to­bacco.

In 1708, Bri­tish states­man Wil­liam Pitt (the El­der) was born in London.

In 1765, the first Pres­by­te­rian church in Canada was es­tab­lished at Que­bec by Rev. Ge­orge Henry.

In 1777, the Sec­ond Con­ti­nen­tal Congress ap­proved the Ar­ti­cles of Con­fed­er­a­tion, a pre­cur­sor to the Con­sti­tu­tion of the United States.

In 1806, ex­plorer Ze­bu­lon Pike sighted the moun­tain­top now known as “Pikes Peak” in present-day Colorado.

In 1877, the North­west Coun­cil passed laws to con­serve the bi­son. How­ever, by 1880, the bi­son had prac­ti­cally dis­ap­peared from the plains of Canada, de­stroy­ing the tra­di­tional way of life of First Na­tions and Metis liv­ing on the Prairies.

In 1880, Cana­dian Ed­ward “Ned” Han­lan won the world’s sculling cham­pi­onships.

In 1889, Brazil’s monar­chy was over­thrown. A repub­lic was pro­claimed fol­low­ing the ouster of Dom Pe­dro II, the coun­try’s sec­ond and last em­peror.

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