TODAY IN HISTORY
In 1280, German theologian and music theorist Albertus Magnus died. Magnus taught famed philosopher Thomas Aquinas.
In 1492, Christopher Columbus noted in his journal the use of tobacco among the Indians. It was the first recorded reference to tobacco.
In 1708, British statesman William Pitt (the Elder) was born in London.
In 1765, the first Presbyterian church in Canada was established at Quebec by Rev. George Henry.
In 1777, the Second Continental Congress approved the Articles of Confederation, a precursor to the Constitution of the United States.
In 1806, explorer Zebulon Pike sighted the mountaintop now known as “Pikes Peak” in present-day Colorado.
In 1877, the Northwest Council passed laws to conserve the bison. However, by 1880, the bison had practically disappeared from the plains of Canada, destroying the traditional way of life of First Nations and Metis living on the Prairies.
In 1880, Canadian Edward “Ned” Hanlan won the world’s sculling championships.
In 1889, Brazil’s monarchy was overthrown. A republic was proclaimed following the ouster of Dom Pedro II, the country’s second and last emperor.