TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

The Sun Times (Owen Sound) - - NEWS -

In 1773, the ship, “Hec­tor,” ar­rived at Brown’s Point, near Pic­tou, N.S. Hec­tor car­ried 178 Scot­tish im­mi­grants -- the first large wave of im­mi­gra­tion that made Scots the pre­dom­i­nant eth­nic group in Nova Sco­tia. A replica ship was later built to com­mem­o­rate the voy­age and is on dis­play in Pic­tou har­bour.

In 1821, in­de­pen­dence was pro­claimed for Costa Rica, Gu­atemala, Hon­duras, Nicaragua and El Sal­vador.

In 1830, the first pas­sen­ger rail­way opened, run­ning be­tween Manch­ester and Liver­pool, Eng­land.

In 1835, Charles Dar­win reached the Gala­pa­gos Is­lands aboard “HMS Bea­gle.”

In 1860, Ed­ward, Prince of Wales, vis­ited Ni­a­gara Falls, where he wit­nessed a per­for­mance of the great French tightrope walker Blondin.

In 1884, Lt.-Col. Fred­er­ick Deni­son and about 400 Cana­dian voyageurs sailed for Egypt to try to res­cue Bri­tish Gen. C.G. Gor­don, who had been trapped at Khar­toum, the cap­i­tal of Su­dan, by the Mahdi and his fol­low­ers who were re­volt­ing against Bri­tish and Egyp­tian con­trol. By the time the Cana­di­ans, par­tic­i­pat­ing in an over­seas war for the first time, reached Khar­toum, Gor­don was dead.

In 1916, tanks were used in com­bat for the first time by the Bri­tish at the bat­tle of Flers-Courcelette, dur­ing the First World War.

In 1917, Rus­sia was pro­claimed a repub­lic by Alexan­der Fy­o­dor­ovich Keren­sky, whose gov­ern­ment was over­thrown two months later by the Bol­she­viks.

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