TODAY IN HISTORY
In 1773, the ship, “Hector,” arrived at Brown’s Point, near Pictou, N.S. Hector carried 178 Scottish immigrants -- the first large wave of immigration that made Scots the predominant ethnic group in Nova Scotia. A replica ship was later built to commemorate the voyage and is on display in Pictou harbour.
In 1821, independence was proclaimed for Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and El Salvador.
In 1830, the first passenger railway opened, running between Manchester and Liverpool, England.
In 1835, Charles Darwin reached the Galapagos Islands aboard “HMS Beagle.”
In 1860, Edward, Prince of Wales, visited Niagara Falls, where he witnessed a performance of the great French tightrope walker Blondin.
In 1884, Lt.-Col. Frederick Denison and about 400 Canadian voyageurs sailed for Egypt to try to rescue British Gen. C.G. Gordon, who had been trapped at Khartoum, the capital of Sudan, by the Mahdi and his followers who were revolting against British and Egyptian control. By the time the Canadians, participating in an overseas war for the first time, reached Khartoum, Gordon was dead.
In 1916, tanks were used in combat for the first time by the British at the battle of Flers-Courcelette, during the First World War.
In 1917, Russia was proclaimed a republic by Alexander Fyodorovich Kerensky, whose government was overthrown two months later by the Bolsheviks.