Today in history
On this date:
In 1483, Martin Luther, the Augustinian monk who became the founder and leader of the German Reformation, was born in Eisleben, Saxony.
In 1775, the U.S. Marines were organized under the authority of the Continental Congress.
In 1796, Russian Empress Catherine the Great died.
In 1852, Parliament was dissolved at Quebec, owing to an outbreak of cholera.
In 1853, the Great Western Railway line, running 69 kilometres from the Niagara Suspension Bridge to Hamilton, was opened.
In 1856, a telegraph line was opened between Newfoundland and New York.
In 1871, one of history’s greatest searches ended when American newsman Henry Morton Stanley found British explorer Dr. David Livingstone at Ujiji in central Africa. Stanley’s famous question, “Dr. Livingstone, I presume?” were the first words Livingstone had heard from a white man in five years. Stanley had been commissioned by the New York Herald to find Livingstone, who had been feared dead for four years.
In 1932, Foster Hewitt made his first Hockey Night in Canada broadcast. Boston and Toronto tied 1-1.
In 1940, the Trans-Atlantic Ferry Service began operations, transporting planes, men, and supplies from Canada via Goose Bay and Gander, N.L., to Britain.
In 1951, the world’s first “no operator” long-distance telephone call was made by Mayor Leslie Dennying of Englewood, N.J., to Mayor Frank Osborne of Alameda, Calif.
In 1953, Canada’s military base in Soest, Germany was opened.
In 1954, the U.S. Marine Corps Memorial, depicting the raising of the American flag on Iwo Jima in 1945, was dedicated by President Eisenhower in Arlington, Va.