TODAY IN HISTORY
In 70 AD, following a sixmonth siege, Jerusalem surrendered to the 60,000 troops of Titus’ Roman army. Over one million Jewish citizens perished in the siege and, following the city’s capture, another 97,000 were sold into slavery.
In 1157, Richard I, King of England, known as Coeur de Lion (the Lion Heart) was born.
In 1565, a Spanish expedition established the first permanent European settlement in North America at St. Augustine, Fla.
In 1619, the first Lutheran service in Canada was held by the Jens Munk expedition to Hudson Bay.
In 1636, Harvard University was founded as a college at Cambridge, Mass. Funded by a grant from the Massachusetts Bay Colony and named for a benefactor, John Harvard, the school was initially intended as a training ground for Puritan ministers. A more generalized program of education was developed, however, and during the late 19th century Harvard became one of world’s great universities.
In 1664, the Dutch surrendered New Amsterdam to the British, who renamed it New York, after the Duke of York.
In 1720, a plague hit Marseilles, France, killing more than 175,000 people.