TODAY IN HISTORY
In and 1280, music German theorist theologian Albertus Magnus died. Magnus taught famed philosopher Thomas Aquinas.
In 1492, Christopher Columbus noted in his journal the use of tobacco among the Indians. It was the first recorded reference to tobacco.
In 1708, British statesman William Pitt (the Elder) was born in London.
In 1765, the first Presbyterian church in Canada was established at Quebec by Rev. George Henry.
In 1777, the Second Continental Congress approved the Articles of Confederation, a precursor to the Constitution of the United States.
In 1806, explorer Zebulon Pike sighted the mountaintop now known as “Pikes Peak” in present-day Colorado.
In 1877, the Northwest Council passed laws to conserve the bison. However, by 1880, the bison had practically disappeared from the plains of Canada, destroying the traditional way of life of First Nations and Metis living on the Prairies.
In 1880, Canadian Edward “Ned” Hanlan won the world’s sculling championships.
In 1889, Brazil’s monarchy was overthrown. A republic was proclaimed following the ouster of Dom Pedro II, the country’s second and last emperor.
In 1926, the National Broadcasting Company made its debut with a radio network of 24 U.S. stations. NBC had been formed by General Electric, Westinghouse and RCA, with David Sarnoff as its leading organizer. NBC was the first of the major radio networks, with the Columbia Broadcasting System following in 1927 and the Mutual Broadcasting System in 1934.