TODAY IN HISTORY
Pope Innocent VI died. He is considered by Roman Catholic Church scholars to be one of the best popes of the Avignon papacy, a period in the 14th century when the seat of the pontiff was moved from Rome to Avignon in southern France. Innocent brought about many reforms in church administration.
Christopher Columbus sailed from Hispaniola in the West Indies for Spain to end his fourth and last voyage to the New World. The great adventurer died after a long illness in 1506. In 1542, his remains were exhumed in Seville and taken back to Hispaniola. They are buried in the cathedral at Santo Domingo, capital of the Dominican Republic.
British statesman Oliver Cromwell captured Drogheda, Ireland, and executed the entire garrison of about 3,000 men.
England’s Oliver Cromwell entered London in triumph after defeating King Charles II and the Scots.
Richard Gatling, inventor of the Gatling gun, was born in North Carolina.
gold was discovered in Nova Scotia.
British scientist Peter Mark Roget died. He compiled the “Theasaurus of English Words and Phrases,” first published in 1852.
Orville Wright set a flying endurance record by keeping his plane aloft for one hour and 14 minutes in a demonstration for the U.S. army. The army later made the Wright planes the world’s first military airplanes.
the Los Angeles Police Department appointed the world’s first policewoman, former social worker Alice Wells.
the German Reichstag was dissolved after the Nazis and the Communists refused to form a coalition government.
German paratroopers rescued Benito Mussolini from the hotel where he was being held by the Italian government.