TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

Tillsonburg News - - NEWS -

In 1362,

Pope In­no­cent VI died. He is con­sid­ered by Ro­man Catholic Church schol­ars to be one of the best popes of the Avi­gnon pa­pacy, a pe­riod in the 14th cen­tury when the seat of the pon­tiff was moved from Rome to Avi­gnon in south­ern France. In­no­cent brought about many reforms in church ad­min­is­tra­tion.

In 1504,

Christo­pher Colum­bus sailed from His­pan­iola in the West Indies for Spain to end his fourth and last voy­age to the New World. The great ad­ven­turer died af­ter a long ill­ness in 1506. In 1542, his re­mains were ex­humed in Seville and taken back to His­pan­iola. They are buried in the cathedral at Santo Domingo, cap­i­tal of the Do­mini­can Repub­lic.

In 1649,

Bri­tish states­man Oliver Cromwell cap­tured Drogheda, Ire­land, and ex­e­cuted the en­tire gar­ri­son of about 3,000 men.

In 1651,

Eng­land’s Oliver Cromwell en­tered Lon­don in tri­umph af­ter de­feat­ing King Charles II and the Scots.

In 1818,

Richard Gatling, in­ven­tor of the Gatling gun, was born in North Carolina.

In 1858,

gold was dis­cov­ered in Nova Sco­tia.

In 1869,

Bri­tish sci­en­tist Peter Mark Ro­get died. He com­piled the “Theasaurus of English Words and Phrases,” first pub­lished in 1852.

In 1908,

Orville Wright set a fly­ing en­durance record by keep­ing his plane aloft for one hour and 14 min­utes in a demon­stra­tion for the U.S. army. The army later made the Wright planes the world’s first mil­i­tary air­planes.

In 1910,

the Los An­ge­les Po­lice Depart­ment ap­pointed the world’s first po­lice­woman, former so­cial worker Alice Wells.

In 1932,

the Ger­man Re­ich­stag was dis­solved af­ter the Nazis and the Com­mu­nists re­fused to form a coali­tion gov­ern­ment.

In 1943,

Ger­man para­troop­ers res­cued Ben­ito Mus­solini from the ho­tel where he was be­ing held by the Ital­ian gov­ern­ment.

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