TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

Tillsonburg News - - NEWS -

In 1321, Ital­ian poet Dante Alighieri died. In 1752, the Gre­go­rian cal­en­dar was of­fi­cially adopted by the Bri­tish Em­pire and its colonies in Amer­ica.

In 1812, the Rus­sians set fire to Moscow be­fore Napoleon’s tri­umphant march into the city. Three-fourths of the city was de­stroyed in the next few days. Napoleon re­mained in Moscow for about a month while cold and hunger dec­i­mated the Grande Armee.

In 1814, the poem “De­fence of Fort McHenry” (later be­com­ing the lyrics to “The Star-Span­gled Ban­ner”) was writ­ten by Fran­cis Scott Key fol­low­ing the Bri­tish shelling of Fort McHenry in Mary­land. The morn­ing after, Key saw the Amer­i­can flag still fly­ing over the fortress and wrote his poem. It was set to the tune of an English drink­ing song and it was des­ig­nated as the U.S. na­tional an­them in 1916 by Pres­i­dent Woodrow Wil­son, and his or­der was con­firmed by an act of Congress in 1931.

In 1847, U.S. troops cap­tured Mex­ico City dur­ing the Mex­i­can War. In 1868, golf’s first recorded hole-in-one was scored by Scots­man Tom Mor­ris at Prest­wick’s 166-yard 8th hole dur­ing the Open Cham­pi­onship (known in North Amer­ica as the Bri­tish Open).

In 1882, the steamer “Asia” sank in Ge­or­gian Bay dur­ing a fierce gale, claim­ing 126 lives. In 1901, Theodore Roo­sevelt be­came pres­i­dent of the United States after Pres­i­dent Wil­liam McKin­ley died eight days after be­ing shot by an an­ar­chist in Buf­falo, N.Y.

In 1926, the fed­eral Lib­eral party, led by Wil­liam Lyon Macken­zie King, de­feated the Con­ser­va­tives un­der Arthur Meighen in a gen­eral elec­tion.

In 1927, mod­ern dance pi­o­neer Isadora Dun­can died when her scarf be­came en­tan­gled in the wheels of her sports car. She was 50. In 1936, Cana­di­ans Harry Rich­man and Robert Mer­rill com­pleted the first At­lantic round-trip by air.

In 1936, Dorothea Palmer, a nurse, was ar­rested and charged with distribut­ing birth con­trol medicine and in­for­ma­tion in Eastview, Ont., a pre­dom­i­nantly French­s­peak­ing, low-in­come sub­urb of Ot­tawa. Her lawyers ar­gued that her work was not for profit but “for the pub­lic good.” She was ac­quit­ted of all charges.

In 1959, the Soviet space probe “Luna 2” be­came the first man-made ob­ject to reach the moon as it crashed onto the lu­nar sur­face.

In 1959, Gov. Gen. Vin­cent Massey, the first Cana­di­an­born gov­er­nor gen­eral, de­liv­ered his farewell ad­dress on na­tional ra­dio and TV net­works. In 1962, 29 people es­caped to the West through a tun­nel un­der the Ber­lin Wall.

In 1967, share­hold­ers of the Bank of West­ern Canada voted in Win­nipeg to wind up the bank.

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