His­tory

The sto­ries be­hind some of Truro’s street names

Truro Daily News - - FRONT PAGE - SUB­MIT­TED PHOTO

A photo taken on July 23, 1872, when a crowd gath­ered at the Truro Com­mon for a ded­i­ca­tion of a memo­rial to honour Dr. Alexan­der For­rester, first prin­ci­pal of the Nor­mal School. The first build­ing on the left is the court­house. The tall one next to it is the Truro Boot and Shoe Fac­tory. Next, is the Prince of Wales Ho­tel, the Cobe­quid Hall and post of­fice. Turn­ing the cor­ner onto Queen Street is the res­i­dence of Wil­liam McCally. In 1887 the Com­mon was re­named Vic­to­ria Square to mark Queen Vic­to­ria’s Golden Ju­bilee.

Have you ever stopped to won­der how some Truro streets were named?

The Colchester Hi­s­toreum and ar­chives is filled with fas­ci­nat­ing facts about the area, in­clud­ing some of the sto­ries be­hind street names.

Burnyeat, Adams, Archibald

and Cot­tage Streets El­iz­a­beth Burnyeat was born in Eng­land and moved to Canada when her fa­ther came as a vis­it­ing mis­sion­ary, based in Truro, in 1820.

She mar­ried Adams Archibald in 1843 and they moved into her fam­ily home - Long­field Cot­tage.

The prop­erty in­cluded an area be­tween Archibald, Adams and Burnyeat Streets, which were all named after fam­ily mem­bers. Cot­tage Street was named after Long­field Cot­tage.

Adams and Archibald Streets were deeded to the town by the ex­ecu­tors of Adams Archibald’s es­tate and the names were was stip­u­lated in the deed.

Charles Blair Arcibald was born in Truro in 1823. He op­er­ated a stage line and be­came Truro’s first mayor in 1875. He was re­elected in 1876, 1877, 1880 and 1881.

Long­worth Av­enue Is­rael Long­worth was born in Char­lot­te­town and stud­ied law with Adams Archibald. He opened a law of­fice on Truro’s Com­mon in 1861 and lived in a home at the cor­ner of Prince Street and Long­worth Av­enue (which was named after him). He was Truro’s sec­ond mayor.

For­rester Street For­rester Street was named in honour of Rev. Dr. Alexan­der For­rester, who was born in Scot­land and came to Nova Sco­tia in 1848. He was a min­is­ter in the Pres­by­te­rian Church and when the Pro­vin­cial Nor­mal School opened in 1855 he be­came its first prin­ci­pal. He re­mained in that po­si­tion un­til his death in 1869.

When the street was widened in 1948 some res­i­dents were up­set, claim­ing it was equiv­a­lent to mu­ti­lat­ing For­rester’s body.

Aberdeen Street Aberdeen Street was named after the Earl of Aberdeen, the sev­enth Gover­nor Gen­eral of Canada (1893-1898) to com­mem­o­rate the visit of Lord and Lady Aberdeen to Truro in 1894.

Alice and Louise Streets There is more than one story about how Alice and Louise Streets got their names. Mrs. Ross Archibald told some peo­ple the streets were named for her two el­dest daugh­ters but it was later learned that Alice Street had been in ex­is­tence in 1878 and Alice Archibald wasn’t born un­til 1885.

Alice Street is now be­lieved to have been named for Princess Alice the third child of Queen Vic­to­ria. Princess Alice was born in 1843 and died of diph­the­ria in 1878.

Lau­rie Street may have been named for Colonel Fran­cis Duke Lau­rie, who mar­ried Adams Archibald’s el­dest daugh­ter, Joanna.

Arthur Street

Arthur Street was named after Prince Arthur, who was the sev­enth child of Queen Vic­to­ria and be­came the 10th Gover­nor Gen­eral of Canada. He laid the corner­stone of the Truro Civic Build­ing in 1912.

Brunswick Street Brunswick Street is one of the old­est streets in Truro and is thought to have been named for Brunswick, Ger­many, the an­ces­tral home of the Hanove­rian mon­archs of Great Britain. The street is re­ferred to in council min­utes from April 1876.

Cen­ten­nial Drive

The name of Cen­ten­nial Drive was sug­gested by Mayor JG Glassey. It com­mem­o­rates two cen­ten­ni­als: Canada-1967 and Truro- 1975

Charles Street Charles Street was named for Charles Thomas, lawyer and son of David Thomas, Truro’s sev­enth mayor. David Thomas deeded a por­tion of the land to the town.

Court Street

Court Street got its name be­cause the court­house was near where the wel­come cen­tre is now lo­cated.

The court­house had been built in Bi­ble Hill in 1799 but was taken down in 1803 and re-as­sem­bled in Truro. In 1844 the build­ing was sold and a new court­house was built on the west wide of Court Street. This build­ing was used un­til 1902, when the build­ing at the cor­ner of Queen and Church Streets opened.

The Es­planade Es­planade is shown as “Rail­way Es­planade” on an 1878 map. For years it was an open public space.

Ex­hi­bi­tion Street Ex­hi­bi­tion Street got its name be­cause the ex­hi­bi­tion grounds used to be lo­cated along it. Ex­hi­bi­tion build­ings were built there in 1875 and de­mol­ished around 1908.

Ford Street

Ford Street got its name be­cause it was part of the road to the ‘lower ford’ of the Salmon River (near where the bridge is now lo­cated).

Lorne Street

Lorne Street was named for the Mar­quis of Lorne, fourth Gover­nor Gen­eral of Canada and hus­band of Princess Louise. The cou­ple vis­ited Truro in Novem­ber 1878. He com­posed the lyric of “Unto the Hills,” which is based on Psalm 121.

Ly­man Street

Ly­man Street was named after Ly­man Walker, a town coun­cil­lor who served as chair­man of the school board and of a com­mit­tee that had the first street signs erected, in 1889.

Nor­mandy Street

A street once known as Cedar Street was re­named Nor­mandy Av­enue in 1947. The name was

given to com­mem­o­rate those who fought on the Nor­mandy beaches and in recog­ni­tion of those whose an­ces­tors were from Nor­mandy.

Park Street

Park Street was given its name be­cause the marsh in the area had been known as the Park Marsh. The rea­son the marsh was given the name is un­cer­tain, but there were some re­ports that a small park had been lo­cated at the north end of the street.

Philip Street

Philip Street was named in honour of Prince Philip.

Prince and Queen Streets

A road called Back Street was re­named Prince Street to com­mem­o­rate the visit of the Prince of Wales (later Ed­ward Vlll) to Truro in 1860.

Front Street was re­named Queen Street after the visit.

Ro­bie Street

Ro­bie Street was named after Si­mon Brad­street Ro­bie, a res­i­dent of Hal­i­fax who rep­re­sented Truro in the House of Assem­bly for sev­eral years.

Walker Street

Walker Street was named after Truro busi­ness­man and town coun­cil­lor A. Jud­son Walker.

– In­for­ma­tion from doc­u­ments at the Colchester Hi­s­toreum.

suB­MiT­TeD PHoTo

A photo of the “cot­tage” that gave Cot­tage Street its name. Long­field Cot­tage was the home of Adams Archibald and El­iz­a­beth (Burnyeat) Archibald.

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