His­tory

Truro Daily News - - NEWS -

In 1780, Amer­i­can rev­o­lu­tion­ary gen­eral Bene­dict Arnold made a se­cret pact with the Bri­tish to sur­ren­der the Amer­i­can fort at West Point, N.Y. The plot failed, but Arnold es­caped to fight for the Bri­tish.

In 1797, Mary Woll­stonecraft Shel­ley, wife of the poet Percy Bysshe Shel­ley and the au­thor of “Franken­stein,’’ was born. She died in 1851.

In 1901, Bri­tish en­gi­neer Ce­cil Booth patented the first com­mer­cially pro­duced vac­uum cleaner. His gi­gan­tic cre­ation was mounted on wheels and parked out­side the houses be­ing cleaned. One of its first jobs was to clean the aisle car­pet of West­min­ster Abbey for the 1902 coro­na­tion of King Ed­ward VII and Queen Alexan­dra.

In 1941, the Sec­ond World War siege of Len­ingrad (now St. Petersburg) be­gan as Nazi forces sev­ered the last rail­road link be­tween Len­ingrad and the rest of the Soviet Union.

In 1987, Ben John­son be­came the fastest man in the world when he smashed the world record for the 100-me­tre dash at the world track and field cham­pi­onships in Rome. John­son’s time of 9.83 sec­onds cut a tenth of a sec­ond off the pre­vi­ous record. A year later, John­son was stripped of his gold medal in the same event at the Seoul Olympics when he tested pos­i­tive for steroid use.

In 1993, the fed­eral gov­ern­ment turned over con­trol of Pear­son In­ter­na­tional Air­port near Toronto to the pri­vate sec­tor.

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