An­i­mal King­dom

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Through a process of plas­ti­na­tion, the skele­tal, vas­cu­lar, and mus­cu­lar sys­tems of var­i­ous crea­tures are pre­served in An­i­mal In­side Out. On dis­play at the Cana­dian Mu­seum of Na­ture un­til Septem­ber 20. DOW’S LAKE PAV­IL­ION Dur­ing sum­mer, this man-made lake is a pop­u­lar wa­ter recre­ation area and wa­ter­craft such as ca­noes, kayaks, and pad­dle boats are avail­able on a rental ba­sis. Dur­ing win­ter, the lake is one of the ma­jor gate­ways to the world’s long­est skat­ing rink. The pav­il­ion houses sev­eral restau­rants. 1001 Queen El­iz­a­beth Dr., 613-232-1001. Map 5 E3

GATINEAU The site of Gatineau, Que­bec, was known as Wright­stown in the 1800s, af­ter Amer­i­can in­dus­tri­al­ist Phile­mon Wright, who set up both flour and saw mills at the Chaudière Falls. In 1875, Wright­stown was in­cor­po­rated as the City of Hull. Although its set­tlers were mainly English-speak­ing Amer­i­cans, the city’s pop­u­la­tion to­day is mostly French-speak­ing. In 1969, Hull and its en­vi­rons were rec­og­nized as part of Canada’s cap­i­tal. In 2002, Hull and its sur­round­ing mu­nic­i­pal­i­ties be­came the City of Gatineau. Find spe­cial events, ac­tiv­i­ties, shop­ping, and din­ing on the web­site. Map 1

GATINEAU PARK More than 35,000 hectares of un­spoiled land in the Gatineau Hills (part of one of the old­est moun­tain ranges in the world) are main­tained by the Na­tional Cap­i­tal Com­mis­sion (NCC). Hun­dreds of kilo­me­tres of foot­paths wind their way through the park, mak­ing it great for hik­ing in sum­mer and cross-coun­try skiing in win­ter (trail maps avail­able from the park’s visi­tor cen­tre in Old Chelsea, Que­bec). Gatineau Park is also the site of the Macken­zie King Es­tate, coun­try home of Canada’s ec­cen­tric for­mer prime min­is­ter, and his fa­mous col­lec­tion of ru­ins. 866456-3016. Map 5 D2 gatineau­

JAC­QUES-CARTIER PARK Lo­cated in Gatineau be­tween the Alexan­dra and Mac­don­ald-Cartier Bridges, the park has views of the Rideau Falls and the Ot­tawa skyline. Dur­ing the sum­mer, the park is a favourite spot for im­promptu sports matches. In win­ter, it’s trans­formed into a snowy ac­tiv­ity park. The small stone house at the western end of the park is thought to have been built by Phile­mon Wright, founder of Gatineau. Map 1 D3

LI­BRARY AND AR­CHIVES CANADA Ex­hi­bi­tions re­flect on Canada’s literary, artis­tic, po­lit­i­cal, and so­cial history through dis­plays drawn from the Li­brary and Ar­chives’ ex­ten­sive per­ma­nent col­lec­tions. Ex­hi­bi­tion rooms are open daily, 9am to 10pm. Free. 395 Welling­ton St., 613-9965115; 866-578-7777. Map 4 F2 col­lec­tion­

MA­JOR’S HILL PARK Ot­tawa’s old­est park was orig­i­nally de­vel­oped in the early 1800s. Colonel John By’s res­i­dence once stood on this peace­ful stretch of land, but the house was de­stroyed by fire. The Ot­tawa River, Gatineau, the Par­lia­ment Build­ings, and the Rideau Canal can all be seen from this site. Sev­eral stat­ues (in­clud­ing one of the colonel) stand guard over the park­land. Map 4 F3

NA­TIONAL ABO­RIG­I­NAL VET­ER­ANS MON­U­MENT Four fig­ures rep­re­sent­ing Abo­rig­i­nal groups pay trib­ute to the par­tic­i­pa­tion of Canada’s Abo­rig­i­nal com­mu­nity in bat­tles that oc­curred in World War I and II. Two of the fig­ures hold firearms, while two hold ob­jects that rep­re­sent peace and spir­i­tu­al­ity. Lo­cated in Con­fed­er­a­tion Park. Map 4 F4

NA­TIONAL ARTS CEN­TRE Built in 1969 and named a Na­tional His­toric Site of Canada in 2006, North Amer­ica’s most diver­si­fied bilin­gual per­form­ing arts com­plex presents live theatre, opera, dance, and mu­sic. The Na­tional Arts Cen­tre Or­ches­tra per­forms through­out the year with guest artists from around the globe. 53 El­gin St., 866-850-2787. Map 4 F4

NA­TIONAL PEACE­KEEP­ING MON­U­MENT ”The Rec­on­cil­i­a­tion”, the world’s only mon­u­ment to peace­keep­ers, stands across from the Na­tional Gallery of Canada. The two con­verg­ing lime­stone walls rep­re­sent war­ring fac­tions, while three cast-bronze fig­ures over­see the rec­on­cil­i­a­tion of those in op­po­si­tion. Lo­cated at Sus­sex Drive and Mur­ray Street. Map 4 F2

NA­TIONAL WAR ME­MO­RIAL This me­mo­rial at Con­fed­er­a­tion Square was ded­i­cated in 1939 by King Ge­orge VI and is the site of an an­nual Re­mem­brance Day ser­vice. Al­le­gor­i­cal fig­ures rep­re­sent free­dom and 22 mil­i­tary fig­ures strain­ing through a soar­ing gran­ite arch­way sym­bol­ize the pass­ing of war into peace. Map 4 E4

NE­PEAN POINT High above the Ot­tawa River, the point of­fers views of the land­scape on both sides of the river. A statue of ex­plorer Sa­muel de Cham­plain, hold­ing a me­dieval astro­labe (those in­ter­ested in nav­i­ga­tional history may no­tice that the astro­labe is up­side down), stands at the crest of the hill. Map 4 E2

NOTRE DAME CATHE­DRAL BASIL­ICA Across from the Na­tional Gallery on Sus­sex Drive, Ot­tawa’s old­est sur­viv­ing church has two great spires sur­round­ing a gilded Madonna and child. The res­i­dence of

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