Gaining perspective on eating and exercise
Working out to ‘burn off’ unhealthy food choices is missing the point, experts say
Frozen margarita, anyone? A calorie-counting app will tell you a 12-ounce (340-gram) margarita contains between 650 and 700 calories; for a 150-pound (68-kilogram) person, that would equal about an hour of spinning at a moderate effort.
Although it can be fun — and sometimes shocking — to match unhealthy foods with their “exercise cost,” does that information encourage healthier behaviour?
When personal-training clients come in for consultations, they cite weight loss as a top priority, says Cassia Denton, a personal training director at Balance Gym.
Comparing calories in and calories out can work, but not when the equivalent to those fast-food french fries is 14 hours of brisk walking. She tells them that at least 80 per cent of weight loss is about nutrition and 20 per cent is training.
“As the tried and true saying goes, bodies are made in the kitchen. ”
And that 20 per cent should not just be cardio (which is usually emphasized when it comes to exercise equivalents), but strength, too. The more lean body mass — muscle — you have, the higher your basic metabolic rate, Denton says. In other words, a 150-pound person with high fat will burn less than a 150-pound person with a higher ratio of lean body mass.
“The contribution to weight loss from exercise is minimal,” says Scott Kahan, a weight-loss doctor and director of the National Center for Weight and Wellness, adding that he still sees value in exercise equivalents as a way to put food into perspective.
Many people don’t realize how much harder it is to burn calories than consume them, says Denton.
Breaking down actual numbers can provide a reality check.
According to AthleteInMe.com’s exercise calorie converter, a takeout burger meal at 1,180 calories is the exercise equivalent of 208 minutes of walking, 132 minutes of spinning, 116 minutes of swimming or 83 minutes of jogging.
“When you present it that way, it shocks people,” says Stan Reents, author, health coach and chief executive of AthleteInMe.com. “And we know that if you want to change human behaviour, you have to create an emotional response.”
But Claire Mysko, chief executive of the National Eating Disorders Association, says framing exercise in a compensatory way is risky business, especially for those vulnerable to eating disorders.
“Instead of looking at foods as good or bad and exercise as a mechanism to burn calories, we try to encourage people to think about exercise as something that makes you feel good and food as something that gives you energy.”
Eating and exercising, Mysko says, should not be about numbers that potentially invite shame and punishment spirals. Food, along with giving you energy, is also about getting the right amount of vitamins, minerals, protein, fat and other essential nutrients for good health.
And on the flip side, exercise is about so much more than countering calories consumed. “There are so many benefits to exercising, including mind, mood, joints, feeling good, sleeping better,” says Kahan.
Eating and exercising should not be about numbers that invite shame or punishment spirals, says National Eating Disorders Association CEO Claire Mysko.