A Cognitive Study on Public Participation in Environmental Impact Assessment of Beijing Residents

HUANG He1, HOU Kebin2, QIU Daqing2, LI Nan2, ZHAO Zhijie1,†

ACTA Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis - - Contents - HUANG He, HOU Kebin, QIU Daqing, et al

1. College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871; 2. Beijing Municipal Appraisal Centre of Environmental Impact Assessment, Beijing 100089; † Corresponding author, E-mail: zhaozhijie@pku.edu.cn

Abstract The cognition of EIA (environmental impact assessment) public participation among Beijing residents was studied through questionnaire, including their understanding degree, positivity of participation, rationality, and the issue they are concerned about most. The statistical result of 1043 valid questionnaires reveals that, currently, Beijing residents’ cognition on EIA public participation is relatively high, as more than half of them understand EIA public participation to a certain extent, showing their positivity or rationality of participation, but there is still much room for improvement. Some specific proposals are raised from two aspects, comment processing and feedback, so as to improve the effectiveness of EIA public participation in feasibility. Key words EIA; public participation; cognition; questionnaire survey

环境影响评价(以下简称环评)指对规划和建设项目实施后可能造成的环境影响进行分析、预测和评估, 提出预防或者减轻不良环境影响的对策和措施, 建立跟踪监测的方法与制度。国家鼓励有关单位、专家和公众以适当方式参与环评[1]。最早实施环评制度的是美国, 1970 年实施的《国家环境政策法(NEPA)》确立了对联邦行动的环境影响报告书审查制度, 其中就有完整系统的公众参与设计。公

众参与贯穿始终, 有助于保持更高的透明度和建立更广泛的政府问责机制[2]。我国的《环境保护法》和《环境影响评价法》也对公众参与有明确的要求, 环评公众参与一般包括公开环境信息和征求公众意见两方面工作, 应实行公开、平等、广泛和便利的原则[3]。公众参与作为环评工作中不可或缺的一个步骤, 是在项目建设和城市发展过程中维护公众知情

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