Migration Distance of Floating Population and Regional Differences of Its Influence on Urbanization

DAN Jun1, YIN Jie1,2,†

ACTA Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis - - Contents - DAN Jun, YIN Jie

1. School of Urban Planning and Design, Shenzhen Graduate School Peking University, Shenzhen 518055; 2. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871; † Corresponding author, E-mail: yinj@pkusz.edu.cn

Abstract Based on the county-level floating population data of 2010 sixth national population census, the regional differences of influence of migration distance of floating population on urbanization are focused and analyzed, with the methods of spatial autocorrelation and geographically weighted regression. The results show that: 1) the average rate of short-distance floating population is the largest, followed by the medium-distance floating population, and the rate of long-distance floating population is the least. The migration distance of floating population varies with districts. The rate of short-distance floating population is larger in the central and northeast of China, with rate of medium-distance floating population larger in the minority nationality regions and border regions of west part of China and rate of long-distance floating population larger in the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta, Jing-jin-ji Area and northwest of China. 2) There is a big difference between influence of shortdistance floating, medium-distance floating and long-distance floating on urbanization, and it varies with regions. The rate of short-distance floating population is negative relevant with urbanization, and the highly negative relevant areas are mostly located in the mountainous area and provincial boundary area. The rate of mediumdistance floating population is positive relevant with urbanization, and the highly positive relevant areas are mainly located in the border area between China’s second and third terrain ladder as well as the southeast hilly region. The areas that the rate of long-distance floating population is negative relevant with urbanization are mainly located in 国土资源部 2011 年度国家公益性行业专项(201111010-4)资助收稿日期: 20160118; 修回日期: 20160314; 网络出版日期: 20170511

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