NIMBY-EFFECT Evaluation Method of Urban Municipal Infrastructures

YANG Fang1, HE Yi1, ZHAO Zhijie1,2,†

ACTA Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis - - Contents - YANG Fang, HE Yi, ZHAO Zhijie

1. School of Environment and Energy, Peking University Shenzhen Graduate School, Shenzhen 518055; 2. College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871; † Corresponding author, E-mail: zjzhao@pku.edu.cn

Abstract From the cause generated by NIMBY (Not in my back yard) effect, the authors analyze the size, nature and distribution of each infrastructure. Taking the distribution of the population, protection zone and maximum impact range as main parameters, this paper constructs the Nimby-index method to evaluate regional NIMBY effect. Taking Haidian district in Beijing as example, this paper assesses the Nimby-effect distribution and uses the GIS technology to achieve the NIMBY spatial distribution. The result shows that the Nimby-effect spatial varies significantly in Haidian District, and the Nimby-index is high in the south and low in the north, which has a close relationship with regional development planning, NIMBY facilities distribution and population density. The evaluation method can be used to provide guidance for urban planning, construction, management and layout of environmental protection facilities. Key words NIMBY effect; municipal infrastructures; NIMBY index; Haidian District

邻避设施[1]一般是城市社会必需的公共基础设施。这些设施的兴建能够带来整体性的社会利益,但风险却由其周边的居民承担。这种成本与利益分配结构的失衡, 会造成附近居民对此类设施的反对态度或者拒绝接受, 进而产生“不要建在我家后院”的抵抗心理[2]。邻避设施的建设如果遭到附近居民的严重抵抗, 极易陷入“邻避”困境, 严重影响社会

和谐。近年来, 国内造成社会影响比较大的邻避运动包括大连、厦门、宁波等城市的 PX 事件, 北京、杭州、广州等城市的垃圾焚烧厂邻避运动, 以及南京变电站公众事件等。邻避运动的发生不仅影响社会的稳定, 还可能造成项目的搁置与取消, 不利于城市的正常发展。

我国对邻避运动的研究时间较短, 且集中在某

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