Ru­ral-ur­ban In­te­gra­tion in Full Swing

Beijing (English) - - CONTENTS - Trans­lated by Wang Hui­hui, pol­ished by Mark Zuiderveld, photo by Zhang Xin

Ru­ral ar­eas play an ir­re­place­able role in im­ple­ment­ing the cap­i­tal’s strate­gic po­si­tion­ing, op­ti­mis­ing the cap­i­tal’s core func­tions, and build­ing a world- class har­mo­nious and live­able cap­i­tal.

Ru­ral ar­eas play an ir­re­place­able role in im­ple­ment­ing the cap­i­tal's strate­gic po­si­tion­ing, op­ti­mis­ing the cap­i­tal's core func­tions, and build­ing a world- class har­mo­nious and live­able cap­i­tal. The 2017 Ru­ral Work Video- and Tele- Con­fer­ence was held in Beijing on April 27 un­der the theme “Ad­her­ing to Ease, Rec­ti­fi­ca­tion and Im­prove­ment; Pro­mot­ing the Ru­ralUr­ban In­te­gra­tion.” Guo Jin­long, sec­re­tary of the CPC Beijing Mu­nic­i­pal Com­mit­tee, stressed at the con­fer­ence that Beijing will fol­low Pres­i­dent Xi Jin­ping's speech given dur­ing his in­spec­tion in Beijing, to pro­mote ru­ral de­vel­op­ment, and find a new de­vel­op­ment pat­tern fea­tur­ing ru­ralur­ban in­te­gra­tion, in­ten­sive de­vel­op­ment and sound ecosys­tem.

In 2016, Beijing achieved sta­bil­ity in per­for­mance while at the same time se­cur­ing progress in its new ur­ban­i­sa­tion, mod­ern agri­cul­ture, green agri­cul­tural and ru­ral de­vel­op­ment, ru­ral liveli­hood, ru­ral re­form and ru­ral grass-roots or­gan­i­sa­tion, a good start to the 13th Five-year Plan (2016–2020). In 2017, to pro­vide sup­port for build­ing a world-class har­mo­nious and live­able cap­i­tal, Beijing will fo­cus on shift­ing its non-es­sen­tial func­tions, treat­ing ur­gent en­vi­ron­men­tal is­sues, un­der­tak­ing the cen­tral city's trans­fer of func­tions, op­ti­mis­ing the cap­i­tal's core func­tions, fur­ther pro­mot­ing ru­ral-ur­ban in­te­gra­tion, mod­ern agri­cul­ture, ru­ral re­form and ru­ral gov­er­nance, as well as in­creas­ing in­come of farm­ers.

Im­prov­ing Ru­ral Liv­ing

Im­prov­ing the liv­ing en­vi­ron­ment in ru­ral ar­eas is a key task for Beijing to pro­mote in­te­gra­tion of its ru­ral and ur­ban ar­eas. In 2017, Beijing will ac­cel­er­ate con­struc­tion of semi-ur­ban ar­eas, com­plete ur­ban­i­sa­tion of six pi­lot vil­lages in Chaoyang District, pro­mote ur­ban­i­sa­tion of five pi­lot vil­lages in Chaoyang District and six pi­lot units in Ji­u­gong Town, Dax­ing District, as well as ini­ti­ate ur­ban­i­sa­tion of six more pi­lot units within the year.

In the mean­time, con­struc­tion of small towns will be ac­cel­er­ated. To this end, Beijing will for­mu­late guid­ance for build­ing small towns; un­der­take the cen­tral city's in­dus­trial func­tions, take on ma­jor projects, and im­prove in­dus­trial parks; strengthen pol­icy in­te­gra­tion and in­no­va­tion; start the plan­ning and con­struc­tion of small towns; pro­mote farm­ers' em­ploy­ment and lo­cal ur­ban­i­sa­tion.

In ad­di­tion, Beijing will con­tinue to pro­mote the con­struc­tion of beau­ti­ful vil­lages, des­ig­nate 300 more beau­ti­ful vil­lages, and for­mu­late the opin­ions to pro­tect and de­velop tra­di­tional vil­lages. The city will com­plete anti-seis­mic and en­ergy-sav­ing work for 60,000 farm­houses, re­lo­cate 4,715 house­holds (10,400 peo­ple) in moun­tain ar­eas, and fin­ish sewage treat­ment in 140 vil­lages. It will also pro­mote the trans­for­ma­tion and im­prove­ment of “six net­works” of ru­ral in­fra­struc­ture, trans­form the power grid and gas net­work, com­plete “coal to clean en­ergy” shift in 700 vil­lages, and elim­i­nate coal con­sump­tion in the flat ar­eas of Chaoyang, Haid­ian, Feng­tai, Fang­shan, Dax­ing and Tongzhou dis­tricts and all of Shi­jing­shan District.

De­vel­op­ing an Ur­ban Mod­ern Agri­cul­ture

In 2017, Beijing will pro­mote its mod­ern seed in­dus­try and in­no­va­tion in agri­cul­tural sci­ence

and tech­nol­ogy, im­prove leisure agri­cul­ture and ru­ral tourism, and speed up the de­vel­op­ment of “In­ter­net + agri­cul­ture” to pro­mote agri­cul­tural sup­ply in struc­tural re­form and to de­velop its ur­ban mod­ern agri­cul­ture.

Beijing will des­ig­nate ba­sic farm­land, con­duct op­er­a­tions, pro­vide high- qual­ity food and veg­eta­bles, and im­ple­ment agri­cul­tural poli­cies. To this end, the city will fo­cus on agri­cul­tural wa­ter con­ser­va­tion, re­duce grain cul­ti­va­tion that de­mand large amounts of wa­ter, pro­mote ef­fi­cient wa­ter­sav­ing ir­ri­ga­tion fa­cil­i­ties and wa­ter-sav­ing cul­ti­va­tion tech­niques, con­duct re­form of agri­cul­tural wa­ter con­sump­tion, and es­tab­lish rea­son­able wa­ter pric­ing and wa­ter sav­ing in­cen­tives.

To im­prove the mod­ern seed in­dus­try and in­no­va­tion in agri­cul­tural sci­ence and tech­nol­ogy, the city will for­mu­late opin­ions on train­ing tal­ents in the mod­ern seed in­dus­try and re­form­ing re­sults sci­en­tific re­search, and im­prov­ing poli­cies on sci­en­tific re­search and shared in­ter­ests and stim­u­la­tion.

To pro­mote the im­prove­ment of leisure agri­cul­ture and ru­ral tourism, Beijing will con­struct 100 tourism and leisure vil­lages and towns, pro­mote the con­struc­tion of nine key re­gions, and en­rich the ru­ral tourism in­dus­try and prod­ucts. At the same time, it will fur­ther im­prove the stock of ru­ral con­struc­tion lands, al­low ru­ral ar­eas to trans­form vil­lages and re­ar­range home­steads, and fur­ther de­velop ru­ral tourism, el­derly care, agri­cul­ture and other in­dus­tries through shares and joint op­er­a­tion. Beijing will also ex­plore new pat­terns in vil­lages and towns spe­cial­is­ing in folk tourism to al­low vil­lagers to build twoor three-storey res­i­dences for pri­vate use on home­steads, de­velop quaint guest­houses and ru­ral ho­tels, and pro­mote in­no­va­tion and en­trepreneur­ship of farm­ers.

To de­velop “In­ter­net + agri­cul­ture,” Beijing will carry out agri­cul­tural e-com­merce pi­lots, gear up lo­cal agri­cul­tural e-com­merce op­er­a­tors, and ex­plore a new model of agri­cul­tural prod­ucts sales with high qual­ity and at rea­son­able prices. In the mean­time, the city will pro­mote in­te­gra­tion of “In­ter­net +” and agri­cul­tural pro­duc­tion, op­er­a­tion, ser­vice and man­age­ment. In ad­di­tion, Beijing will ac­tively pro­mote con­struc­tion of a lo­gis­tics cir­cle for one-hour fresh agri­cul­tural prod­ucts in the Beijing-tian­jin-he­bei re­gion.

Re­form in Three Ma­jor Fields

In 2017, Beijing will fo­cus on deep­en­ing re­form in ru­ral land, ru­ral col­lec­tive prop­erty rights and ru­ral fi­nance, and pro­mote im­ple­men­ta­tion of the Com­pre­hen­sive Im­ple­men­ta­tion Pro­gramme of Beijing on Deep­en­ing Ru­ral Re­form.

For ru­ral land re­form, Beijing will carry out vil­lage- and town-level pi­lot work for col­lec­tive con­struc­tion land in the sub­urb of each district, and pro­mote each district to for­mu­late col­lec­tive con­struc­tion plan­ning in ac­cor­dance with Beijing's Ur­ban Mas­ter Plan. For con­tracted land, Beijing will sup­port farm­ers to carry out a co­op­er­a­tive land joint stock sys­tem, al­ter land man­age­ment rights, pro­mote the ap­pro­pri­ate scale of op­er­a­tion, and com­plete con­fir­ma­tion and reg­is­tra­tion of rights for con­tracted man­age­ment. For idle farm­houses and home­steads, Beijing will make in­no­va­tions in man­age­ment meth­ods, con­struc­tion modes and ser­vice means to at­tract diver­si­fied par­tic­i­pants, mod­ify idle ru­ral as­sets, and de­velop in­dus­tries in el­derly care and leisure tourism.

In terms of deep­en­ing re­form of ru­ral col­lec­tive prop­erty rights, Beijing will fur­ther pro­mote re­form for col­lec­tive eco­nomic prop­erty rights at the town­ship level, fur­ther mod­ify col­lec­tive for­est rights re­form, and per­fect poli­cies for adapt­ing to an ur­ban and ru­ral house­hold reg­is­tra­tion sys­tem.

In terms of deep­en­ing ru­ral fi­nan­cial re­form, Beijing will fur­ther in­crease fi­nan­cial sup­port for new agri­cul­ture op­er­a­tors, con­tinue to im­prove agri­cul­tural in­sur­ance, and speed up the es­tab­lish­ment of a ru­ral fi­nan­cial sys­tem.

In­creas­ing In­come for Farm­ers

To in­crease farm­ers' in­come, the city will help to cre­ate job in­cen­tives for farm­ers, help low-in­come farm­ers and train new pro­fes­sional farm­ers.

To pro­mote farm­ers' em­ploy­ment, Beijing will trans­fer a ru­ral labour force to the sec­ondary and ter­tiary in­dus­tries, ex­pand its trans­fer space, im­prove the qual­ity of work­places and a guar­an­tee sys­tem, and in­crease farm­ers' in­come. To help low­in­come farm­ers, Beijing will strengthen co­or­di­na­tion in var­i­ous de­part­ments, in­den­tify re­spon­si­bil­i­ties of each district, mo­bilise forces in all sec­tors, and make full use of sup­port­ing funds to sup­port in­dus­trial de­vel­op­ment. For train­ing new pro­fes­sional farm­ers, Beijing will im­ple­ment in­cen­tive plans, im­prove ed­u­ca­tion and train­ing for farm­ers, sup­port crowd en­trepreneur­ship and in­no­va­tion in ru­ral ar­eas, en­cour­age the es­tab­lish­ment of mul­ti­ple op­er­at­ing or­gan­i­sa­tions, and form a group of pro­fes­sional and skilled farm­ers.

Im­prov­ing Ru­ral Gov­er­nance

In 2017, Beijing will con­tinue to strengthen CPC lead­er­ship in ru­ral work, im­prove gov­er­nance of the CPC at the grass-roots level, and main­tain ru­ral har­mony and sta­bil­ity so as to cre­ate a good en­vi­ron­ment for the19th CPC Na­tional Congress.

For strength­en­ing con­struc­tion of ru­ral grass-roots or­gan­i­sa­tions, Beijing will strengthen Party dis­ci­pline at a grass­roots level and reg­u­late its or­gan­i­sa­tion. To im­ple­ment its ac­count­abil­ity sys­tem of the Party, Beijing will for­mu­late a ru­ral grass­roots Party re­spon­si­bil­ity list for sec­re­taries of the district- and town-level CPC com­mit­tees, or­gan­ise train­ing cour­ses for lead­ers and CPC com­mit­tee mem­bers, strengthen ser­vice and man­age­ment for the sec­re­tary of the district- and town-level CPC com­mit­tees, and im­prove sup­port sys­tem. In the mean­time, Beijing will strengthen supervision and man­age­ment over col­lec­tive as­sets, carry out cap­i­tal ver­i­fi­ca­tion, strengthen au­dit­ing supervision of ru­ral col­lec­tive eco­nomic or­gan­i­sa­tions, strengthen con­struc­tion of its vil­lage af­fairs supervision com­mit­tee, strengthen con­struc­tion and supervision of the ser­vice sys­tem, and guide the trans­fer and trans­parency of trans­ac­tions of ru­ral prop­erty rights.

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