Rural-urban Integration in Full Swing
Rural areas play an irreplaceable role in implementing the capital’s strategic positioning, optimising the capital’s core functions, and building a world- class harmonious and liveable capital.
Rural areas play an irreplaceable role in implementing the capital's strategic positioning, optimising the capital's core functions, and building a world- class harmonious and liveable capital. The 2017 Rural Work Video- and Tele- Conference was held in Beijing on April 27 under the theme “Adhering to Ease, Rectification and Improvement; Promoting the RuralUrban Integration.” Guo Jinlong, secretary of the CPC Beijing Municipal Committee, stressed at the conference that Beijing will follow President Xi Jinping's speech given during his inspection in Beijing, to promote rural development, and find a new development pattern featuring ruralurban integration, intensive development and sound ecosystem.
In 2016, Beijing achieved stability in performance while at the same time securing progress in its new urbanisation, modern agriculture, green agricultural and rural development, rural livelihood, rural reform and rural grass-roots organisation, a good start to the 13th Five-year Plan (2016–2020). In 2017, to provide support for building a world-class harmonious and liveable capital, Beijing will focus on shifting its non-essential functions, treating urgent environmental issues, undertaking the central city's transfer of functions, optimising the capital's core functions, further promoting rural-urban integration, modern agriculture, rural reform and rural governance, as well as increasing income of farmers.
Improving Rural Living
Improving the living environment in rural areas is a key task for Beijing to promote integration of its rural and urban areas. In 2017, Beijing will accelerate construction of semi-urban areas, complete urbanisation of six pilot villages in Chaoyang District, promote urbanisation of five pilot villages in Chaoyang District and six pilot units in Jiugong Town, Daxing District, as well as initiate urbanisation of six more pilot units within the year.
In the meantime, construction of small towns will be accelerated. To this end, Beijing will formulate guidance for building small towns; undertake the central city's industrial functions, take on major projects, and improve industrial parks; strengthen policy integration and innovation; start the planning and construction of small towns; promote farmers' employment and local urbanisation.
In addition, Beijing will continue to promote the construction of beautiful villages, designate 300 more beautiful villages, and formulate the opinions to protect and develop traditional villages. The city will complete anti-seismic and energy-saving work for 60,000 farmhouses, relocate 4,715 households (10,400 people) in mountain areas, and finish sewage treatment in 140 villages. It will also promote the transformation and improvement of “six networks” of rural infrastructure, transform the power grid and gas network, complete “coal to clean energy” shift in 700 villages, and eliminate coal consumption in the flat areas of Chaoyang, Haidian, Fengtai, Fangshan, Daxing and Tongzhou districts and all of Shijingshan District.
Developing an Urban Modern Agriculture
In 2017, Beijing will promote its modern seed industry and innovation in agricultural science
and technology, improve leisure agriculture and rural tourism, and speed up the development of “Internet + agriculture” to promote agricultural supply in structural reform and to develop its urban modern agriculture.
Beijing will designate basic farmland, conduct operations, provide high- quality food and vegetables, and implement agricultural policies. To this end, the city will focus on agricultural water conservation, reduce grain cultivation that demand large amounts of water, promote efficient watersaving irrigation facilities and water-saving cultivation techniques, conduct reform of agricultural water consumption, and establish reasonable water pricing and water saving incentives.
To improve the modern seed industry and innovation in agricultural science and technology, the city will formulate opinions on training talents in the modern seed industry and reforming results scientific research, and improving policies on scientific research and shared interests and stimulation.
To promote the improvement of leisure agriculture and rural tourism, Beijing will construct 100 tourism and leisure villages and towns, promote the construction of nine key regions, and enrich the rural tourism industry and products. At the same time, it will further improve the stock of rural construction lands, allow rural areas to transform villages and rearrange homesteads, and further develop rural tourism, elderly care, agriculture and other industries through shares and joint operation. Beijing will also explore new patterns in villages and towns specialising in folk tourism to allow villagers to build twoor three-storey residences for private use on homesteads, develop quaint guesthouses and rural hotels, and promote innovation and entrepreneurship of farmers.
To develop “Internet + agriculture,” Beijing will carry out agricultural e-commerce pilots, gear up local agricultural e-commerce operators, and explore a new model of agricultural products sales with high quality and at reasonable prices. In the meantime, the city will promote integration of “Internet +” and agricultural production, operation, service and management. In addition, Beijing will actively promote construction of a logistics circle for one-hour fresh agricultural products in the Beijing-tianjin-hebei region.
Reform in Three Major Fields
In 2017, Beijing will focus on deepening reform in rural land, rural collective property rights and rural finance, and promote implementation of the Comprehensive Implementation Programme of Beijing on Deepening Rural Reform.
For rural land reform, Beijing will carry out village- and town-level pilot work for collective construction land in the suburb of each district, and promote each district to formulate collective construction planning in accordance with Beijing's Urban Master Plan. For contracted land, Beijing will support farmers to carry out a cooperative land joint stock system, alter land management rights, promote the appropriate scale of operation, and complete confirmation and registration of rights for contracted management. For idle farmhouses and homesteads, Beijing will make innovations in management methods, construction modes and service means to attract diversified participants, modify idle rural assets, and develop industries in elderly care and leisure tourism.
In terms of deepening reform of rural collective property rights, Beijing will further promote reform for collective economic property rights at the township level, further modify collective forest rights reform, and perfect policies for adapting to an urban and rural household registration system.
In terms of deepening rural financial reform, Beijing will further increase financial support for new agriculture operators, continue to improve agricultural insurance, and speed up the establishment of a rural financial system.
Increasing Income for Farmers
To increase farmers' income, the city will help to create job incentives for farmers, help low-income farmers and train new professional farmers.
To promote farmers' employment, Beijing will transfer a rural labour force to the secondary and tertiary industries, expand its transfer space, improve the quality of workplaces and a guarantee system, and increase farmers' income. To help lowincome farmers, Beijing will strengthen coordination in various departments, indentify responsibilities of each district, mobilise forces in all sectors, and make full use of supporting funds to support industrial development. For training new professional farmers, Beijing will implement incentive plans, improve education and training for farmers, support crowd entrepreneurship and innovation in rural areas, encourage the establishment of multiple operating organisations, and form a group of professional and skilled farmers.
Improving Rural Governance
In 2017, Beijing will continue to strengthen CPC leadership in rural work, improve governance of the CPC at the grass-roots level, and maintain rural harmony and stability so as to create a good environment for the19th CPC National Congress.
For strengthening construction of rural grass-roots organisations, Beijing will strengthen Party discipline at a grassroots level and regulate its organisation. To implement its accountability system of the Party, Beijing will formulate a rural grassroots Party responsibility list for secretaries of the district- and town-level CPC committees, organise training courses for leaders and CPC committee members, strengthen service and management for the secretary of the district- and town-level CPC committees, and improve support system. In the meantime, Beijing will strengthen supervision and management over collective assets, carry out capital verification, strengthen auditing supervision of rural collective economic organisations, strengthen construction of its village affairs supervision committee, strengthen construction and supervision of the service system, and guide the transfer and transparency of transactions of rural property rights.