Ex­hi­bi­tion Cel­e­brates Hong Kong’s Re­turn to the Moth­er­land

Beijing (English) - - CONTENTS - Trans­lated by Li Shasha, edited by Mark Zuiderveld, pho­tos by Li Xiaoyin, Zhang Xin, pho­tos cour­tesy of the Of­fice of the Gov­ern­ment of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion (HKSAR) of the Peo­ple’s Re­pub­lic of China in Bei­jing (Bei­jing Of­fice)

An ex­hi­bi­tion dis­plays more than 200 pho­tos and over 40 sets of ex­hibits, show­cas­ing a colour­ful ur­ban­scape, Hong Kong’s lat­est de­vel­op­ment, and its blue­print.

July 1, 2017 marks the 20th an­niver­sary of Hong Kong’s re­turn to the moth­er­land. On the same date 20 years ago, the Peo­ple’s Re­pub­lic of China re­sumed its sovereignty over Hong Kong and es­tab­lished the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion (HKSAR), open­ing a new chap­ter of the ter­ri­tory.

For 20 years, ac­cord­ing to the poli­cies of “one coun­try, two sys­tems,” “Hong Kong Peo­ple ad­min­is­ter­ing Hong Kong” and a high de­gree of au­ton­omy, Hong Kong has re­mained pros­per­ous in the long term, with sta­ble de­vel­op­ment, and made con­tri­bu­tions to China’s progress. From June 27 to July 16, 2017, an ex­hi­bi­tion of achieve­ments mark­ing the 20th an­niver­sary of Hong Kong’s re­turn­ing to the moth­er­land, themed on“To­geth­er­ness, Progress, Op­por­tu­nity,” is be­ing held at the Na­tional Mu­seum of China. More than 200 pho­tos and over 40 sets (pieces) of ex­hibits in 10 units show­case a colour­ful ur­ban­scape and the lat­est de­vel­op­ment re­sults of Hong Kong and its fu­ture de­vel­op­ment blue­print, in ad­di­tion to its setup of mod­els, mul­ti­me­dia and in­ter­ac­tive de­vices.

One Coun­try Two Sys­tems

At mid­night on July 1, 1997, the na­tional flag of the Peo­ple’s Re­pub­lic of China was raised over Hong Kong to the ac­com­pa­ni­ment of the na­tional an­them at the cer­e­mony of Hong Kong’s han­dover. At 1:30 a.m., the HKSAR found­ing cer­e­mony and in­au­gu­ra­tion cer­e­mony of the HKSAR Gov­ern­ment was held. Th­ese were mo­ments ex­pected by the Chi­nese for so long and recorded for­ever in world his­tory.

At the ex­hi­bi­tion, two pho­to­graphs re­minded view­ers of the stir­ring night 20 years ago. Hong Kong’s re­turn to China af­ter a cen­tury-long sep­a­ra­tion sym­bol­ised Hong Kong was en­ter­ing a new era.

The Ba­sic Law of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion of the Peo­ple’s Re­pub­lic of China (the Ba­sic Law) is the con­sti­tu­tional doc­u­ment for the HKSAR. The Ba­sic Law was

pre­pared by the Na­tional Peo­ple’s Congress (NPC) ac­cord­ing to the state con­sti­tu­tion, en­shrin­ing a sys­tem ap­plied in the HKSAR to guar­an­tee im­ple­men­ta­tion of the state’s ba­sic guide­lines and po­lices in the HKSAR.

There is no precedent for the Ba­sic Law. In April 1985, the NPC de­cided to es­tab­lish a Ba­sic Law Draft­ing Com­mit­tee of the HKSAR. To can­vass views, the NPC de­cided to set up a broad rep­re­sen­ta­tive Ba­sic Law Con­sul­ta­tive Com­mit­tee, and au­tho­rised the Ba­sic Law Draft­ing Com­mit­tee to or­gan­ise it. Its func­tions were to ex­ten­sively can­vass opin­ions and sug­ges­tions of the Ba­sic Law from Hong Kong's cit­i­zens, re­ceive con­sul­tancy of the Ba­sic Law Draft­ing Com­mit­tee, and col­lect and an­a­lyse th­ese opin­ions and sug­ges­tions for the ref­er­ence of the Ba­sic Law Draft­ing Com­mit­tee. The Ba­sic Law Con­sul­ta­tive Com­mit­tee acted as a bridge be­tween cit­i­zens of Hong Kong and the Ba­sic Law Draft­ing Com­mit­tee, and an im­por­tant chan­nel for their opin­ions and sug­ges­tions of Ba­sic Law. The ex­hib­ited “plaque of ‘Of­fice of the Ba­sic Law Con­sul­ta­tive Com­mit­tee’” rep­re­sented the col­lec­tion of opin­ions and sug­ges­tions dur­ing that time.

With the “one coun­try, two sys­tems” pol­icy, Hong Kong brought its ad­van­tages to drive China's de­vel­op­ment. Ac­cord­ing the “13th Five-year Plan,” more ef­forts will be made to im­prove the role of Hong Kong in na­tional eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment and open­ing up to the out­side world. In the “To­gether for Op­por­tu­nity” sec­tion, the ex­hi­bi­tion shows re­gional co­op­er­a­tion be­tween Hong Kong and the Chi­nese main­land, the lay­out of of­fices of the HKSAR Gov­ern­ment, the Hong Kong part in the “13th Five-year Plan,” and the new driv­ing force by the “Belt and Road” be­hind Hong Kong's de­vel­op­ment. Hong Kong will act as a “su­per con­tact” in­volved in China’s strat­egy of “go­ing out” and “bring­ing in.”

With the ef­forts of gen­er­a­tions of Hong Kong cit­i­zens, Hong Kong be­came the vi­tal and dy­namic in­ter­na­tional me­trop­o­lis in Asia and is rated as the freest econ­omy in the world as eval­u­ated by sev­eral in­ter­na­tional in­sti­tu­tions. Hong Kong is also one of the safest cities around the globe with high- qual­ity med­i­cal ser­vices, a pool of global tal­ents and the pre­ferred venue for the world’s top sci­en­tific and re­search agen­cies. It also boasts ad­vanced avi­a­tion and lo­gis­tics, the long­est sus­pen­sion bridge used for ve­hi­cles and its rail­way sys­tem. Hong Kong's long-term pros­per­ity and sta­bil­ity has gained fruit­ful re­sults in its econ­omy, peo­ple’s liveli­hood and com­mu­ni­ca­tions and co­op­er­a­tion with the Chi­nese main­land.

In­no­va­tive De­vel­op­ment of Busi­ness and Trade

Trade and pro­fes­sional ser­vices are Hong Kong's most com­pet­i­tive in­dus­tries, es­pe­cially in terms of le­gal ser­vice, re­solv­ing dis­putes, ac­count­ing, con­struc­tional en­gi­neer­ing and med­i­cal ser­vice. Its ad­van­tages in in­ter­na­tional ac­cred­ited pro­fes­sional qual­i­fi­ca­tion cer­tifi­cates, in­ter­na­tional net­work and man­age­ment ex­pe­ri­ence, and knowl­edge of na­tional con­di­tions and mar­ket of the Chi­nese main­land make Hong Kong a dom­i­nate player in in­tro­duc­ing for­eign in­vest­ments and for en­ter­prises based in the Chi­nese main­land to en­ter the global mar­ket.

In the “To­gether for Trade” ex­hibit, pho­tos of Shang­hai–hong Kong Stock Con­nect and Shen­zhen–hong Kong Stock Con­nect showed two mile­stone events. On Novem­ber 17, 2014, the Shang­hai–hong Kong Stock Con­nect was opened. On De­cem­ber 5, 2016, the Shen­zhen–hong Kong Stock Con­nect was opened. The two sys­tems let cap­i­tal mar­kets in the Chi­nese main­land and Hong Kong in­ter­con­nected, en­abling in­vestors to in­vest in stocks listed in two re­gions. Their open­ing marks a solid step to­wards the le­gal, mar­ket­based and in­ter­na­tional de­vel­op­ment of a Chi­nese mar­ket.

The sou­venir pre­sented to Hong Kong Ex­changes and Clear­ing Lim­ited (HKEX) by Bank of China (BOC) in the cer­e­mony of list­ing on HKEX is an im­por­tant ex­hibit in the part. On June 1, 2006, BOC was listed on HKEX Main Board, be­com­ing the sec­ond large-scale state-owned com­mer­cial bank for a public of­fer­ing from the Chi­nese main­land. The public list­ing re­flected con­fi­dence of in­ter­na­tional in­vestors in the long-term eco­nomic pros­per­ity and re­form and open­ing-up in China, and their recog­ni­tion of the BOC brand.

Nowa­days, in­no­va­tion and sci-tech in­dus­tries are grad­u­ally be­com­ing a new im­pe­tus for Hong Kong's eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment. The HKSAR has ac­tively pro­moted and sub­sidised its sci-tech in­fra­struc­ture, re­search in­sti­tu­tions, tal­ent build­ing, in­no­va­tive cul­ture, and the Guang­dong–hong Kong sci-tech co­op­er­a­tion fund. The cul­tural and cre­ative

in­dus­try, which took root in tra­di­tional Chi­nese cul­ture, makes Hong Kong a ma­jor cen­tre with flour­ish­ing cul­tures in the global art cir­cle, with its own char­ac­ter­is­tics in films, arts and sports.

In the ex­hibit “To­gether for In­no­va­tion”, a photo of a “golden egg”— the Charles K. Kao Au­di­to­rium in the Hong Kong Sci­ence and Tech­nol­ogy Parks Cor­po­ra­tion (HKSTP) at­tracts many visi­tors. HKSTP is en­gaged in re­search-based high­tech and ap­plied sci­ence and tech­nol­ogy (in­clud­ing elec­tron­ics, biotech­nol­ogy, pre­ci­sion en­gi­neer­ing, as well as mes­sage tech­nol­ogy and telecom­mu­ni­ca­tions). The golden- egg-shaped Charles K. Kao Au­di­to­rium is a land­mark build­ing of its phase II project, and was named af­ter Charles K. Kao, an ex­pert of fi­bre- op­tic com­mu­ni­ca­tion and elec­tric en­gi­neer­ing, honoured as the “fa­ther of fi­bre- op­tic com­mu­ni­ca­tion.” A se­ries of ex­hibits dis­play Busi­ness of De­sign Week (BODW, the big­gest de­sign fo­rum in Asia), the elec­tro­dy­namic Along the River dur­ing the Tomb-sweep­ing Day which was ex­hib­ited in Hong Kong in 2010, and the Hong Kong team win­ning the gold prize of the foot­ball fi­nal dur­ing the Hong Kong 2009 East Asian Games. They all demon­strate de­vel­op­ment achieve­ments in sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal in­no­va­tion, in­tel­lec­tual prop­erty rights, de­sign, films, cul­ture and art, as well as sports in Hong Kong.

Close Bond

Hong Kong is a traf­fic hub in Asia, with well-es­tab­lished trans­port in­fra­struc­ture con­nected with that in the Chi­nese main­land. It boasts an in­ter­na­tional and re­gional avi­a­tion cen­tre and one of the busiest and most ef­fec­tive con­tainer ser­vice ports in the world, mak­ing it the lo­gis­tics hub be­tween the Chi­nese main­land and the rest of the globe.

A photo of the Hong Kong–zhuhai– Ma­cau Bridge (HZMB) is also a high­light in the ex­hi­bi­tion. The HZMB is praised as the long­est sea cross­ing, the long­est un­der­sea sub­merged tun­nel and the long­est steel bridge in the world. Made in China, it started its con­struc­tion in 2009 and will be com­pleted and put into use by the end of 2017. Hav­ing the world’s most dy­namic eco­nomic re­gions con­nected, the HZMB will re­duce the driv­ing dis­tance from Hong Kong to Zhuhai from over three and half hours to half an hour or more, ben­e­fit­ting Hong Kong, Ma­cau and Zhuhai.

A photo of the Hong Kong Sec­tion of the Guangzhou-shen­zhen-hong Kong Ex­press Rail Link (Ex­press Rail Link) con­nect­ing with the state high-speed rail­way net­work also drew at­ten­tion from visi­tors. The 140-kilo­me­tre long Ex­press Rail Link will help re­alise high-speed rail­way ser­vice be­tween Hong Kong and 80 per­cent big cities in the Chi­nese main­land af­ter the 26-kilo­me­tre long Hong Kong Sec­tion be put to use in the third quar­ter of 2018. This will help en­hance peo­ple’s com­mu­ni­ca­tions and pro­mote

de­vel­op­ments in eco­nomic trade, tourism and pro­fes­sional ser­vices be­tween Hong Kong and the rest of the Chi­nese main­land.

In the “Hand in Hand” ex­hibit, many pho­tos show­case close links be­tween Hong Kong and the Chi­nese main­land. In July 1997, Hong Kong cit­i­zens pro­posed to build and in­di­cate the first “Chi­nese Health Ex­press,” which is an oph­thal­mol­ogy train­ing hos­pi­tal spe­cial­is­ing in char­ity med­i­cal care. The hos­pi­tal is com­posed of four car­riages equipped with high-end med­i­cal fa­cil­i­ties. When it stops along the rail­way line, eye doc­tors and nurses from Hong Kong and the Chi­nese main­land carry out oph­thal­mo­logic op­er­a­tions like cataract ex­trac­tion and in­traoc­u­lar lens through­out the year. The train hos­pi­tal has stopped at 160 sta­tions in 28 prov­inces, cities and au­ton­o­mous re­gions for 20 years, help­ing 180,000 cataract pa­tients re­gain their sight.

The ex­hi­bi­tion also dis­plays Hong Kong's ef­forts to help dis­tricts that were af­fected by the Wenchuan Earth­quake in 2008. In par­tic­u­lar, a silk ban­ner, pre­sented to the Hong Kong Search and Res­cue Team by the Earth­quake and Dis­as­ter Re­lief Head­quar­ters of the 5.12 Wenchuan Earth­quake in Sichuan Province, demon­strated the self­less hu­man­i­tar­ian aid given by the Hong Kong Search and Res­cue Team.

Joint Strength, Con­ser­va­tion and In­her­i­tance

The “Joint Strength” and “Con­ser­va­tion and In­her­i­tance” parts in­tro­duce Hong Kong's achieve­ments in pop­u­la­tion struc­ture op­ti­mi­sa­tion, ed­u­ca­tion, peo­ple's liveli­hood and public se­cu­rity, and its ef­forts in na­ture con­ser­va­tion, his­tor­i­cal her­itage, in­tan­gi­ble cul­tural her­itage and man­age­ment of green en­vi­ron­ment.

A wax hand in the “Joint Strength” part is also im­pres­sive, which was made jointly by stu­dents of Hop Yat Church School in Hong Kong and its sis­ter school Yuexiu District Dongfeng Xilu Pri­mary School in Guangzhou in De­cem­ber 2015. It stands as a wit­ness of ex­change and co­op­er­a­tion of stu­dents from the two schools, which signed an agree­ment of be­com­ing sis­ter schools in Novem­ber 2009. To­day, the two sis­ter schools have walked to­gether for eight years.

A green and pic­turesque coun­try­side takes up 75 per­cent of Hong Kong's to­tal area, in­clud­ing 24 coun­try parks, 22 spe­cial con­ser­va­tion re­gions, 5 ma­rine parks and a coastal pro­tec­tion area. The “Con­ser­va­tion and In­her­i­tance” part presents a se­ries of achieve­ments in na­ture con­ser­va­tion and in­tan­gi­ble cul­tural her­itage in Hong Kong, and joint ef­forts in en­vi­ron­ment gov­er­nance of Hong Kong and Guang­dong Province to pro­mote co­op­er­a­tion in re­gional en­vi­ron­men­tal pro­tec­tion.

A photo of Mai Po Na­ture Re­serve is also eye-catch­ing. Mai Po Na­ture Re­serve is the most im­por­tant na­ture re­serve in Hong Kong, and its main pro­tected ob­jects are a man­grove for­est with an area of 300 hectares and rare an­i­mals and plants. Lo­cated along the fly­way of 50 mil­lion of mi­gra­tory wa­ter­birds ev­ery year, Mai Po Na­ture Re­serve is a main mid­way sta­tion and win­ter­ing area for mi­gra­tory wa­ter­birds, thus be­com­ing a haven for them along with the sur­round­ing In­ner Deep Bay wet­lands. In 1995, Mai Po and In­ner Deep Bay wet­lands was recog­nised as a “Wet­land of In­ter­na­tional Im­por­tance” un­der the pres­ti­gious Ramsar Con­ven­tion. It sets an ex­am­ple of suc­cess­ful con­ser­va­tion for re­gional wet­lands, and of­fers visi­tors a chance to get close to wildlife and ap­pre­ci­ate the beauty of na­ture.

Can­tonese Opera, known as Guang­dong Opera, is a main form of drama in Hong Kong. Originating from the South­ern Opera, Can­tonese Opera be­gan to take shape in ar­eas of Guang­dong and Guangxi dur­ing the Ming Em­peror Ji­a­jing (reign: 1522–1566). In­te­grat­ing chang (singing), nian (speak­ing), zuo (act­ing) and da (ac­ro­batic fight­ing), back­ground mu­sic, cos­tumes, and ab­stract gestures, Can­tonese Opera has a high artis­tic value. Aside from au­di­ences from the Chi­nese main­land, spec­ta­tors in Hong Kong are fond of Can­tonese Opera; Tian­ping, Gaosheng (Ko Shing), Cen­tral and Puqing the­atres wit­nessed the golden times of Can­tonese Opera in Hong Kong. Can­tonese Opera, which was ap­plied jointly by Guang­dong Province, Hong Kong and Ma­cau's SAR gov­ern­ments, was in­scribed on UNESCO Rep­re­sen­ta­tive List of In­tan­gi­ble Cul­tural Her­itage of Hu­man­ity in Septem­ber 2009. Also shown is a photo of Wu Junli in cos­tume, a fa­mous Can­tonese film ac­tress in Hong Kong in the 1960s, is ex­hib­ited, re­mind­ing visi­tors of her charm dur­ing the past. She was good at play­ing fe­male roles of qingyi and dao­madan, and was praised as one of the “Eight Pe­onies” with other seven Can­tonese Opera ac­tresses. Wu Junli acted in many clas­sic op­eras writ­ten by Tang Disheng

(or Tang Ti-sheng, a fa­mous play­wright of Can­tonese Opera), in­clud­ing The Beauty’s Grave, Two Im­mor­tals of the Moon Pavil­ion and Lee Sam-ne­ung, and be­came a ris­ing star of many Can­tonese Opera troupes.

Pieces from ex­hibits con­sti­tute the bril­liant achieve­ments made by Hong Kong since its re­turn to China. In the fu­ture, Hong Kong will grasp an op­por­tu­nity of the na­tion's sus­tained de­vel­op­ment to ad­vance wider co­op­er­a­tion with the Chi­nese main­land, in or­der to re­alise its greater de­vel­op­ment and the Chi­nese Dream of the pros­per­ity and re­ju­ve­nat­ing the Chi­nese na­tion.

Visi­tors pe­ruse ex­hibits.

Visi­tors play with a con­cen­tric de­vice at the ex­hi­bi­tion.

A wax hand mould made by stu­dents from Hop Yat Church School in Hong Kong and Guangzhou City Yuexiu District Dongfeng West Road Pri­mary School

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from China

© PressReader. All rights reserved.