New Feature in Capital’s Civil Administration
With the idea “people first,” Beijing has enhanced its basic livelihood, provided more services to the elderly, and innovated social governance and increased optimism among residents.
Civil administration is an important part to improve people's livelihood, identify new ways of social governance, and strengthen social building. Since the beginning of the 18th National Congress of the CPC in 2012 until now, by following a people-oriented approach, the Beijing Municipality has made continued progress in the reform and innovation of civil administration, the effectiveness of livelihoodoriented services, social governance, solving development hurdles, full delivery of social relief, social welfare, old-age care, and other 30 areas. All these have benefited nearly four million targeted groups. It has enhanced basic livelihood, provided more services to old people, boosted innovation in social governance, supported national defence and military reform, and improved management over special affairs in civil administration.
Highlighting Targeted Relief, Improving Livelihood
Well-targeted relief is essential to cope with urgent difficulties. During the past five years, the municipality has sought to enhance the standard, expand the coverage, and improve the effectiveness of the relief work. It made efforts to deliver well-targeted relief and precise management, thus significantly lifting the standard of people's livelihood. It has integrated and improved the relief policy system, and provided more support to children and disabled people, which has made a great difference.
Beijing has established relief, preferential treatment, and other standard, dynamic adjustment mechanisms, increased input in a sustainable way, and improved
its security standards each year. Benefit standards for relief, favourable treatment and pensions, farmers shifting to registered urban permanent residents due to land acquisition, and martyrs have been raised over an average of 10 percent each year. Urban minimum subsistence allowances have been raised from 520 yuan in 2012 to 900 yuan per person per month in 2017, up 73.1 percent on an accumulated basis; rural minimum subsistence allowance has been raised from 380 yuan to 900 yuan per person per month. In 2015, for the first time, urban and rural minimum subsistence allowances were aligned, benefiting 129,000 people in difficulty.
By integrating and improving its relief policy system, the Beijing Municipality has enhanced its subsistence allowance, relief and support to people in special difficulties, relief to disaster victims, and medical relief, thereby shaping a “9+1” policy system. At the same time, the Beijing Municipality made comprehensive efforts in coping with urgent difficulties, and worked to improve work. Well-targeted relief was offered in a comprehensive way, with each household having their own registration books and documents. All these have given rise to a working style featuring smooth relief channels, precise relief standing book, timely dynamic management, and effective relief supervision.
To provide more support to children and disabled people, Beijing Municipal Government has established a system for child welfare and protection, made efforts to advance classified security systems for children in difficulty, and built a four-tier children protection and service network. Over the past five years, the fostering standard for orphans and abandoned babies of Beijing's organisations has risen from 1,600 yuan of 2012 to current 2,000 yuan, amounting to a cumulative increase of 25 percent; two subsidies respectively for disabled persons in difficulty and severe disabled persons are integrated to benefit 350,000 persons to achieve coordination between policies for elderly people, the disabled, children in difficulty and social welfare; service recipients from families in difficulty have gained access to welfare organisations with a monthly municipal subsidy of 400 yuan to 1,200 yuan.
Expanding Elderly Care
In recent years, Beijing has accelerated development of its elderly care service industry. However, it's still confronted with problems like an incongruous supply structure and rapidly rising demand and insufficient service quality. Beijing Municipal Government has accelerated the shift from elderly care work directly and exclusively managed by the government to a vigorous elderly care industry that is open to the market. It strove to build a diversified elderly care industry with the elderly care as the basis and to integrate nursing homes and home- and community-based elder service. Today, the elderly care system has improved, with continuous reform of public elderly care organisations.
To build a three-pronged and four-tier elderly care service system with elderly-carein-proximity at its core, it released opinions and plans for construction of district-level elderly care service guiding centres, subdistrict elderly care and nursing centres and community elderly care service stations. Over five years, the government has started from scratch and built 252 elderly care and nursing centres and over 150 community elderly care service stations to offer access to elderly care service in real terms.
To improve the elderly care service policy system, Beijing Municipal Government has worked out the first regional home care regulation across the nation, Beijing Home Care Service Regulation, and drafted the Beijing Development Plan for the Ageing Cause during the 13th Five-year Plan Period (2016– 2020), launched the Opinions of Accelerating Development of Elderly Care Service Industry, the Implementation Opinions of Complete Opening of Elderly Care Service Market to Further Boost Development of Elderly Care Service Industry and the Three-year Action Plan for Construction of Elderly Care and Nursing Centres and drafted the Construction Plan for Community Elderly Care Service Station (2017–2020). In addition, the government has also released the Ten Policies on Supporting Development of Home Care Service and a number of relevant institutional documents.
To deepen reform of public elderly care organisations, the government has highlighted its role of public elderly care organisations in securing welfare of the elderly people and given priority to the elderly people who are aged, disabled and financially difficult in selecting service recipients to meet their basic elderly care service demand. Meanwhile, it introduced a new model under which elderly care organisations are publicly established or built and privately run. In the past five years, 214 public elderly care organisations have been built in Beijing, 47 percent of which have achieved private operation.
To build up the elderly care service industry, the government has opened the elderly care service industry market. In the past five years, the total number of Beijing's elderly care organisations has seen a net increase from 400 of 2012 to current 513 and that of their beds from 74,000 to 126,000, representing a cumulative rise of 70.3 percent. Beijing's total special fund for elderly care has increased from 520 million yuan of 2012 to current 1.2 billion yuan, a rise of 130.8 percent; the one-off construction subsidy for social elderly care organisations has increased from 8,000–16,000 yuan per bed to 40,000– 50,000 yuan per bed.
Furthermore, the Beijing Municipal Government has also issued Beijing tong, a card integrating multiple functions, to offer better convenience to the elderly.
Accelerating Innovation of Social Governance
In recent years, the Beijing Municipal Government has focused on sound governance systems and powerful governance subjects, advanced modernisation of civil administrative governance, exerted consistent effort in deepening institutional reform of subdistrict community management, pushed ahead with institutional reform of social
organisation management and fostered a stronger professional social work force.
In terms of sub-district and community management, the government has launched Opinions of Deepening Institutional Reform of Sub- districts and Community Management to strengthen coordinated functions. To advance the innovation of social governance, it has released the Implementation Opinions of Strengthening Consultation between Urban and Rural Communities, worked out and practiced the Guiding Opinions of Encouraging Virtue-based Governance of Urban and Rural Communities and implemented the Opinions of Unburdening Community Work to carry out a thorough purge of community organisations and work items for regulation effect. They have classified, combined and sorted out 322 community work items and released five work lists. Twenty-five community rating projects and 27 social work organisations have been abolished. Over these five years, the Beijing Municipal Government has held the 10th Village Committee Election and established 250 national comprehensive disaster reduction demonstrative communities and 746 municipal comprehensive disaster reduction demonstrative communities.
Concerning promoting management of social organisations, Beijing has taken initiative in promoting reform for direct registration and launching pilots of function transferring from civil administration departments. It has also launched in an orderly way pilots for industrial associations and chambers of commerce to disconnect with administrative authorities, and striven to enlarge service procurement by social organisations. During this fiveyear time, funds for municipal-level service procurement of Beijing has jumped from 120 million yuan in 2012 to 420 million yuan, accounting for 28.5 percent of the total funds for civil affairs, rising from 8.6 percent.
In the meantime, Beijing has also improved its comprehensive supervision system combining special audits with credit supervision, supervision of ruling by law and active supervision. The number of registered social organisations in Beijing has grown from 18,000 in 2012 to 32,000 at present, an increase of 77.8 percent.
Seeking to expand the group of professional social workers, Beijing has improved, in a continuous way, the policy system and the working system of social work, bringing the successful establishment of management systems concerning education, training, registration and deployment of social workers. Statistics show that at present, the number of non-governmental institutions for social work around the city reaches 285, realising the full coverage of all districts in Beijing. The number of certificated social workers in Beijing is 25,000, an increase from 12,000 in 2012. The cumulative increase of 108.3 percent accounts for one tenth of that of the whole country.
Highlighting Civil-military Integrated Development
Adjustments and reforms concerning policies and systems related to civil-military integrated development have direct bearings on the morale of the armed forces. Throughout five years, Beijing has always been working solidly and painstakingly to serve the national defence, and promote support for the army as well as giving preferential treatment to military families. Efforts have been made in reforms of veteran resettlement and socialisation of nursing homes for veterans as well as consolidating favourable situations of the unity between the army and people.
Beijing has given stronger support to the PLA Beijing Garrison and solved problems like employment of their accompanying family members, enrolment of their children into schools within walking distance, and intradistrict enrollment among others. Beijing has also issued measures related to pensions and preferential treatments provided for policemen, made adjustments to relative standards for subsidies, and as a result, safeguarded the expected living conditions of such policemen. Bidding to deepen reforms of veteran resettlement, Beijing has improved the socialised settlement service system and provided retired army cadres with “two treatments” in terms of politics and life. As for deepening reforms of socialisation of nursing homes for veterans, Beijing has intensified its efforts for honouring those with the highest
standards. It has been holding the “September 30” public martyrs memorial ceremonies around the city and has committed to establishing the “double supports“model city (support for the government and the army). With all these efforts, the 16 districts of Beijing have reached standards for being national “double supports“model cities (counties), thus creating a sound environment for supporting the army and giving preferential treatment to military families.
Strengthening Management for Civil Administration
To improve social system of basic public services and enhance the equalisation of social basic public services are of great significance for improving livelihood, promoting the development of individuals and offering all residents with more direct and increasing “sense of gain.” In the last five years, Beijing has worked to promote development of civilian-related special social affairs, including marriages, funerals and burials as well as charitable undertaking among others. Achievements will further ensure more convenient and efficient public services for Beijing residents.
Beijing has taken proactive measures to expand its service for marriage and family affairs. It carried out intra-district marriage registration and issued regulations. Service for marriage with certificates has been provided within a broad range and the key progress of harmonious marriage and family relationships has been advanced with striking achievements. Relative guiding principles for marriage registrars have been formulated; marriage and family-related counseling services have been expanded from after-marriage to before-marriage and from couples to families. Over the past five years, marriage registration service has been provided for over 840,000 couples.
In a bid for philanthropy, Beijing has advanced “Charity Beijing.” It revised several provisions on promoting the process of philanthropic undertaking, and improved various systems including charitable trust filing, charitable organisation accreditation and application for public donation among others. In the meanwhile, intensive efforts have been made to start the “Internet plus charity” plan and mobilise widespread social forces to participate. As a result, the total number of donated funds in Beijing has grown from 1.67 billion yuan in 2012 to 4.63 billion yuan now, an increase of over 177.2 percent.
Constant efforts have been made by Beijing to improve and give stronger support to favourable and facilitating services concerning funerals and burials. The system of government procurement of basic services concerning funerals and burials has been established; the general public is encouraged to choose ecologically friendly forms of burial like sea burials. Reform for green and ecologically friendly funerals and burials has advanced with concerted efforts. Consequently, the number of eco-friendly burials account for 43.85 percent of the total number of burials in Beijing.
During the 13th Five-year Plan, Beijing will take initiatives to establish an efficient and unobstructed mechanism with the quick development of civil administration undertaking. The leading layout of livelihood security with equal preferential treatment will be established. Beijing will also be proactive in realising modernisation of social management of civil affairs. Therefore, Beijing will be the first city to complete construction of civil administration by law, which is endowed with characteristics of the Chinese capital.
Looking ahead, under the principle of “civil administration for the people,” Beijing will build a model of elderly care service with its own characteristics and improve its system for basic livelihood security. Constant efforts will also be made to strengthen and seek out innovations for social management, and promote the development of the social service industry.
Concerted efforts will be devoted into the integrated development of civil administration undertaking in Beijing Municipality, Tianjin Municipality and Hebei Province. Progress of construction of civil administration by law will be accelerated, as will the construction of smart civil administration. In accordance with the idea of “consolidating guarantee of basic living standards for people unable to work, developing positive livelihood policies, encouraging multi-form participation and promoting integrated development,” Beijing will work steadily to advance the socialisation, industrialisation, informatisation and systematisation of civil administration and enter a new stage for undertaking civil administration in Beijing.
Donating to the Beijing Charity Foundation
The Elderly Service Centre at Xueyuanlu Sub-district, Haidian District
At the Xicheng District Marriage Registration Department