New Fea­ture in Cap­i­tal’s Civil Ad­min­is­tra­tion

Beijing (English) - - CONTENTS - Trans­lated by Li Xia Edited by Mark Zuiderveld

With the idea “peo­ple first,” Bei­jing has en­hanced its ba­sic liveli­hood, pro­vided more ser­vices to the el­derly, and in­no­vated so­cial gov­er­nance and in­creased op­ti­mism among res­i­dents.

Civil ad­min­is­tra­tion is an im­por­tant part to im­prove peo­ple's liveli­hood, iden­tify new ways of so­cial gov­er­nance, and strengthen so­cial build­ing. Since the be­gin­ning of the 18th Na­tional Congress of the CPC in 2012 un­til now, by fol­low­ing a peo­ple-ori­ented ap­proach, the Bei­jing Mu­nic­i­pal­ity has made con­tin­ued progress in the re­form and in­no­va­tion of civil ad­min­is­tra­tion, the ef­fec­tive­ness of liveli­hoodor­i­ented ser­vices, so­cial gov­er­nance, solv­ing de­vel­op­ment hur­dles, full de­liv­ery of so­cial re­lief, so­cial wel­fare, old-age care, and other 30 ar­eas. All these have ben­e­fited nearly four mil­lion tar­geted groups. It has en­hanced ba­sic liveli­hood, pro­vided more ser­vices to old peo­ple, boosted in­no­va­tion in so­cial gov­er­nance, sup­ported na­tional de­fence and mil­i­tary re­form, and im­proved man­age­ment over spe­cial af­fairs in civil ad­min­is­tra­tion.

High­light­ing Tar­geted Re­lief, Im­prov­ing Liveli­hood

Well-tar­geted re­lief is es­sen­tial to cope with ur­gent dif­fi­cul­ties. Dur­ing the past five years, the mu­nic­i­pal­ity has sought to en­hance the stan­dard, ex­pand the cov­er­age, and im­prove the ef­fec­tive­ness of the re­lief work. It made ef­forts to de­liver well-tar­geted re­lief and pre­cise man­age­ment, thus sig­nif­i­cantly lift­ing the stan­dard of peo­ple's liveli­hood. It has in­te­grated and im­proved the re­lief pol­icy sys­tem, and pro­vided more sup­port to chil­dren and dis­abled peo­ple, which has made a great dif­fer­ence.

Bei­jing has es­tab­lished re­lief, pref­er­en­tial treat­ment, and other stan­dard, dy­namic ad­just­ment mech­a­nisms, in­creased in­put in a sus­tain­able way, and im­proved

its se­cu­rity stan­dards each year. Ben­e­fit stan­dards for re­lief, favourable treat­ment and pen­sions, farm­ers shift­ing to reg­is­tered ur­ban per­ma­nent res­i­dents due to land ac­qui­si­tion, and mar­tyrs have been raised over an av­er­age of 10 per­cent each year. Ur­ban min­i­mum sub­sis­tence al­lowances have been raised from 520 yuan in 2012 to 900 yuan per per­son per month in 2017, up 73.1 per­cent on an ac­cu­mu­lated ba­sis; ru­ral min­i­mum sub­sis­tence al­lowance has been raised from 380 yuan to 900 yuan per per­son per month. In 2015, for the first time, ur­ban and ru­ral min­i­mum sub­sis­tence al­lowances were aligned, ben­e­fit­ing 129,000 peo­ple in dif­fi­culty.

By in­te­grat­ing and im­prov­ing its re­lief pol­icy sys­tem, the Bei­jing Mu­nic­i­pal­ity has en­hanced its sub­sis­tence al­lowance, re­lief and sup­port to peo­ple in spe­cial dif­fi­cul­ties, re­lief to dis­as­ter vic­tims, and med­i­cal re­lief, thereby shap­ing a “9+1” pol­icy sys­tem. At the same time, the Bei­jing Mu­nic­i­pal­ity made com­pre­hen­sive ef­forts in cop­ing with ur­gent dif­fi­cul­ties, and worked to im­prove work. Well-tar­geted re­lief was of­fered in a com­pre­hen­sive way, with each house­hold hav­ing their own reg­is­tra­tion books and doc­u­ments. All these have given rise to a work­ing style fea­tur­ing smooth re­lief chan­nels, pre­cise re­lief stand­ing book, timely dy­namic man­age­ment, and ef­fec­tive re­lief su­per­vi­sion.

To pro­vide more sup­port to chil­dren and dis­abled peo­ple, Bei­jing Mu­nic­i­pal Gov­ern­ment has es­tab­lished a sys­tem for child wel­fare and pro­tec­tion, made ef­forts to ad­vance clas­si­fied se­cu­rity sys­tems for chil­dren in dif­fi­culty, and built a four-tier chil­dren pro­tec­tion and ser­vice net­work. Over the past five years, the fos­ter­ing stan­dard for or­phans and aban­doned ba­bies of Bei­jing's or­gan­i­sa­tions has risen from 1,600 yuan of 2012 to cur­rent 2,000 yuan, amount­ing to a cu­mu­la­tive in­crease of 25 per­cent; two sub­si­dies re­spec­tively for dis­abled per­sons in dif­fi­culty and se­vere dis­abled per­sons are in­te­grated to ben­e­fit 350,000 per­sons to achieve co­or­di­na­tion be­tween poli­cies for el­derly peo­ple, the dis­abled, chil­dren in dif­fi­culty and so­cial wel­fare; ser­vice re­cip­i­ents from fam­i­lies in dif­fi­culty have gained ac­cess to wel­fare or­gan­i­sa­tions with a monthly mu­nic­i­pal sub­sidy of 400 yuan to 1,200 yuan.

Ex­pand­ing El­derly Care

In re­cent years, Bei­jing has ac­cel­er­ated de­vel­op­ment of its el­derly care ser­vice in­dus­try. How­ever, it's still con­fronted with prob­lems like an in­con­gru­ous sup­ply struc­ture and rapidly ris­ing de­mand and in­suf­fi­cient ser­vice qual­ity. Bei­jing Mu­nic­i­pal Gov­ern­ment has ac­cel­er­ated the shift from el­derly care work di­rectly and ex­clu­sively man­aged by the gov­ern­ment to a vig­or­ous el­derly care in­dus­try that is open to the mar­ket. It strove to build a di­ver­si­fied el­derly care in­dus­try with the el­derly care as the ba­sis and to in­te­grate nurs­ing homes and home- and com­mu­nity-based el­der ser­vice. To­day, the el­derly care sys­tem has im­proved, with con­tin­u­ous re­form of pub­lic el­derly care or­gan­i­sa­tions.

To build a three-pronged and four-tier el­derly care ser­vice sys­tem with el­derly-carein-prox­im­ity at its core, it re­leased opin­ions and plans for con­struc­tion of dis­trict-level el­derly care ser­vice guid­ing cen­tres, sub­dis­trict el­derly care and nurs­ing cen­tres and com­mu­nity el­derly care ser­vice sta­tions. Over five years, the gov­ern­ment has started from scratch and built 252 el­derly care and nurs­ing cen­tres and over 150 com­mu­nity el­derly care ser­vice sta­tions to of­fer ac­cess to el­derly care ser­vice in real terms.

To im­prove the el­derly care ser­vice pol­icy sys­tem, Bei­jing Mu­nic­i­pal Gov­ern­ment has worked out the first re­gional home care reg­u­la­tion across the na­tion, Bei­jing Home Care Ser­vice Reg­u­la­tion, and drafted the Bei­jing De­vel­op­ment Plan for the Age­ing Cause dur­ing the 13th Five-year Plan Pe­riod (2016– 2020), launched the Opin­ions of Ac­cel­er­at­ing De­vel­op­ment of El­derly Care Ser­vice In­dus­try, the Im­ple­men­ta­tion Opin­ions of Com­plete Open­ing of El­derly Care Ser­vice Mar­ket to Fur­ther Boost De­vel­op­ment of El­derly Care Ser­vice In­dus­try and the Three-year Ac­tion Plan for Con­struc­tion of El­derly Care and Nurs­ing Cen­tres and drafted the Con­struc­tion Plan for Com­mu­nity El­derly Care Ser­vice Sta­tion (2017–2020). In ad­di­tion, the gov­ern­ment has also re­leased the Ten Poli­cies on Sup­port­ing De­vel­op­ment of Home Care Ser­vice and a num­ber of rel­e­vant in­sti­tu­tional doc­u­ments.

To deepen re­form of pub­lic el­derly care or­gan­i­sa­tions, the gov­ern­ment has high­lighted its role of pub­lic el­derly care or­gan­i­sa­tions in se­cur­ing wel­fare of the el­derly peo­ple and given pri­or­ity to the el­derly peo­ple who are aged, dis­abled and fi­nan­cially dif­fi­cult in se­lect­ing ser­vice re­cip­i­ents to meet their ba­sic el­derly care ser­vice de­mand. Mean­while, it in­tro­duced a new model un­der which el­derly care or­gan­i­sa­tions are pub­licly es­tab­lished or built and pri­vately run. In the past five years, 214 pub­lic el­derly care or­gan­i­sa­tions have been built in Bei­jing, 47 per­cent of which have achieved pri­vate oper­a­tion.

To build up the el­derly care ser­vice in­dus­try, the gov­ern­ment has opened the el­derly care ser­vice in­dus­try mar­ket. In the past five years, the to­tal num­ber of Bei­jing's el­derly care or­gan­i­sa­tions has seen a net in­crease from 400 of 2012 to cur­rent 513 and that of their beds from 74,000 to 126,000, rep­re­sent­ing a cu­mu­la­tive rise of 70.3 per­cent. Bei­jing's to­tal spe­cial fund for el­derly care has in­creased from 520 mil­lion yuan of 2012 to cur­rent 1.2 bil­lion yuan, a rise of 130.8 per­cent; the one-off con­struc­tion sub­sidy for so­cial el­derly care or­gan­i­sa­tions has in­creased from 8,000–16,000 yuan per bed to 40,000– 50,000 yuan per bed.

Fur­ther­more, the Bei­jing Mu­nic­i­pal Gov­ern­ment has also is­sued Bei­jing tong, a card in­te­grat­ing mul­ti­ple func­tions, to of­fer bet­ter con­ve­nience to the el­derly.

Ac­cel­er­at­ing In­no­va­tion of So­cial Gov­er­nance

In re­cent years, the Bei­jing Mu­nic­i­pal Gov­ern­ment has fo­cused on sound gov­er­nance sys­tems and pow­er­ful gov­er­nance sub­jects, ad­vanced mod­erni­sa­tion of civil ad­min­is­tra­tive gov­er­nance, ex­erted con­sis­tent ef­fort in deep­en­ing in­sti­tu­tional re­form of sub­dis­trict com­mu­nity man­age­ment, pushed ahead with in­sti­tu­tional re­form of so­cial

or­gan­i­sa­tion man­age­ment and fos­tered a stronger pro­fes­sional so­cial work force.

In terms of sub-dis­trict and com­mu­nity man­age­ment, the gov­ern­ment has launched Opin­ions of Deep­en­ing In­sti­tu­tional Re­form of Sub- dis­tricts and Com­mu­nity Man­age­ment to strengthen co­or­di­nated func­tions. To ad­vance the in­no­va­tion of so­cial gov­er­nance, it has re­leased the Im­ple­men­ta­tion Opin­ions of Strength­en­ing Con­sul­ta­tion be­tween Ur­ban and Ru­ral Com­mu­ni­ties, worked out and prac­ticed the Guid­ing Opin­ions of En­cour­ag­ing Virtue-based Gov­er­nance of Ur­ban and Ru­ral Com­mu­ni­ties and im­ple­mented the Opin­ions of Un­bur­den­ing Com­mu­nity Work to carry out a thor­ough purge of com­mu­nity or­gan­i­sa­tions and work items for reg­u­la­tion ef­fect. They have clas­si­fied, com­bined and sorted out 322 com­mu­nity work items and re­leased five work lists. Twenty-five com­mu­nity rat­ing projects and 27 so­cial work or­gan­i­sa­tions have been abol­ished. Over these five years, the Bei­jing Mu­nic­i­pal Gov­ern­ment has held the 10th Vil­lage Com­mit­tee Elec­tion and es­tab­lished 250 na­tional com­pre­hen­sive dis­as­ter re­duc­tion demon­stra­tive com­mu­ni­ties and 746 mu­nic­i­pal com­pre­hen­sive dis­as­ter re­duc­tion demon­stra­tive com­mu­ni­ties.

Con­cern­ing pro­mot­ing man­age­ment of so­cial or­gan­i­sa­tions, Bei­jing has taken ini­tia­tive in pro­mot­ing re­form for di­rect reg­is­tra­tion and launch­ing pi­lots of func­tion trans­fer­ring from civil ad­min­is­tra­tion de­part­ments. It has also launched in an or­derly way pi­lots for in­dus­trial as­so­ci­a­tions and cham­bers of com­merce to dis­con­nect with ad­min­is­tra­tive au­thor­i­ties, and striven to en­large ser­vice pro­cure­ment by so­cial or­gan­i­sa­tions. Dur­ing this fiveyear time, funds for mu­nic­i­pal-level ser­vice pro­cure­ment of Bei­jing has jumped from 120 mil­lion yuan in 2012 to 420 mil­lion yuan, ac­count­ing for 28.5 per­cent of the to­tal funds for civil af­fairs, ris­ing from 8.6 per­cent.

In the mean­time, Bei­jing has also im­proved its com­pre­hen­sive su­per­vi­sion sys­tem com­bin­ing spe­cial au­dits with credit su­per­vi­sion, su­per­vi­sion of rul­ing by law and ac­tive su­per­vi­sion. The num­ber of reg­is­tered so­cial or­gan­i­sa­tions in Bei­jing has grown from 18,000 in 2012 to 32,000 at present, an in­crease of 77.8 per­cent.

Seek­ing to ex­pand the group of pro­fes­sional so­cial work­ers, Bei­jing has im­proved, in a con­tin­u­ous way, the pol­icy sys­tem and the work­ing sys­tem of so­cial work, bring­ing the suc­cess­ful es­tab­lish­ment of man­age­ment sys­tems con­cern­ing ed­u­ca­tion, train­ing, reg­is­tra­tion and de­ploy­ment of so­cial work­ers. Sta­tis­tics show that at present, the num­ber of non-gov­ern­men­tal in­sti­tu­tions for so­cial work around the city reaches 285, re­al­is­ing the full cov­er­age of all dis­tricts in Bei­jing. The num­ber of cer­tifi­cated so­cial work­ers in Bei­jing is 25,000, an in­crease from 12,000 in 2012. The cu­mu­la­tive in­crease of 108.3 per­cent ac­counts for one tenth of that of the whole coun­try.

High­light­ing Civil-mil­i­tary In­te­grated De­vel­op­ment

Ad­just­ments and re­forms con­cern­ing poli­cies and sys­tems re­lated to civil-mil­i­tary in­te­grated de­vel­op­ment have di­rect bear­ings on the mo­rale of the armed forces. Through­out five years, Bei­jing has al­ways been work­ing solidly and painstak­ingly to serve the na­tional de­fence, and pro­mote sup­port for the army as well as giv­ing pref­er­en­tial treat­ment to mil­i­tary fam­i­lies. Ef­forts have been made in re­forms of vet­eran re­set­tle­ment and so­cial­i­sa­tion of nurs­ing homes for vet­er­ans as well as con­sol­i­dat­ing favourable sit­u­a­tions of the unity be­tween the army and peo­ple.

Bei­jing has given stronger sup­port to the PLA Bei­jing Gar­ri­son and solved prob­lems like em­ploy­ment of their ac­com­pa­ny­ing fam­ily mem­bers, en­rol­ment of their chil­dren into schools within walk­ing dis­tance, and in­tradis­trict en­roll­ment among oth­ers. Bei­jing has also is­sued mea­sures re­lated to pen­sions and pref­er­en­tial treat­ments pro­vided for po­lice­men, made ad­just­ments to rel­a­tive stan­dards for sub­si­dies, and as a re­sult, safe­guarded the ex­pected liv­ing con­di­tions of such po­lice­men. Bid­ding to deepen re­forms of vet­eran re­set­tle­ment, Bei­jing has im­proved the so­cialised set­tle­ment ser­vice sys­tem and pro­vided re­tired army cadres with “two treat­ments” in terms of pol­i­tics and life. As for deep­en­ing re­forms of so­cial­i­sa­tion of nurs­ing homes for vet­er­ans, Bei­jing has in­ten­si­fied its ef­forts for hon­our­ing those with the high­est

stan­dards. It has been hold­ing the “Septem­ber 30” pub­lic mar­tyrs me­mo­rial cer­e­monies around the city and has com­mit­ted to es­tab­lish­ing the “dou­ble sup­ports“model city (sup­port for the gov­ern­ment and the army). With all these ef­forts, the 16 dis­tricts of Bei­jing have reached stan­dards for be­ing na­tional “dou­ble sup­ports“model cities (coun­ties), thus cre­at­ing a sound en­vi­ron­ment for sup­port­ing the army and giv­ing pref­er­en­tial treat­ment to mil­i­tary fam­i­lies.

Strength­en­ing Man­age­ment for Civil Ad­min­is­tra­tion

To im­prove so­cial sys­tem of ba­sic pub­lic ser­vices and en­hance the equal­i­sa­tion of so­cial ba­sic pub­lic ser­vices are of great sig­nif­i­cance for im­prov­ing liveli­hood, pro­mot­ing the de­vel­op­ment of in­di­vid­u­als and of­fer­ing all res­i­dents with more di­rect and in­creas­ing “sense of gain.” In the last five years, Bei­jing has worked to pro­mote de­vel­op­ment of civil­ian-re­lated spe­cial so­cial af­fairs, in­clud­ing mar­riages, fu­ner­als and buri­als as well as char­i­ta­ble un­der­tak­ing among oth­ers. Achieve­ments will fur­ther en­sure more con­ve­nient and ef­fi­cient pub­lic ser­vices for Bei­jing res­i­dents.

Bei­jing has taken proac­tive mea­sures to ex­pand its ser­vice for mar­riage and fam­ily af­fairs. It car­ried out in­tra-dis­trict mar­riage reg­is­tra­tion and is­sued reg­u­la­tions. Ser­vice for mar­riage with cer­tifi­cates has been pro­vided within a broad range and the key progress of har­mo­nious mar­riage and fam­ily re­la­tion­ships has been ad­vanced with strik­ing achieve­ments. Rel­a­tive guid­ing prin­ci­ples for mar­riage reg­is­trars have been for­mu­lated; mar­riage and fam­ily-re­lated coun­sel­ing ser­vices have been ex­panded from af­ter-mar­riage to be­fore-mar­riage and from cou­ples to fam­i­lies. Over the past five years, mar­riage reg­is­tra­tion ser­vice has been pro­vided for over 840,000 cou­ples.

In a bid for phi­lan­thropy, Bei­jing has ad­vanced “Char­ity Bei­jing.” It re­vised sev­eral pro­vi­sions on pro­mot­ing the process of phil­an­thropic un­der­tak­ing, and im­proved var­i­ous sys­tems in­clud­ing char­i­ta­ble trust fil­ing, char­i­ta­ble or­gan­i­sa­tion ac­cred­i­ta­tion and ap­pli­ca­tion for pub­lic do­na­tion among oth­ers. In the mean­while, in­ten­sive ef­forts have been made to start the “In­ter­net plus char­ity” plan and mo­bilise wide­spread so­cial forces to par­tic­i­pate. As a re­sult, the to­tal num­ber of do­nated funds in Bei­jing has grown from 1.67 bil­lion yuan in 2012 to 4.63 bil­lion yuan now, an in­crease of over 177.2 per­cent.

Con­stant ef­forts have been made by Bei­jing to im­prove and give stronger sup­port to favourable and fa­cil­i­tat­ing ser­vices con­cern­ing fu­ner­als and buri­als. The sys­tem of gov­ern­ment pro­cure­ment of ba­sic ser­vices con­cern­ing fu­ner­als and buri­als has been es­tab­lished; the gen­eral pub­lic is en­cour­aged to choose eco­log­i­cally friendly forms of burial like sea buri­als. Re­form for green and eco­log­i­cally friendly fu­ner­als and buri­als has ad­vanced with con­certed ef­forts. Con­se­quently, the num­ber of eco-friendly buri­als ac­count for 43.85 per­cent of the to­tal num­ber of buri­als in Bei­jing.

Dur­ing the 13th Five-year Plan, Bei­jing will take ini­tia­tives to es­tab­lish an ef­fi­cient and un­ob­structed mech­a­nism with the quick de­vel­op­ment of civil ad­min­is­tra­tion un­der­tak­ing. The lead­ing lay­out of liveli­hood se­cu­rity with equal pref­er­en­tial treat­ment will be es­tab­lished. Bei­jing will also be proac­tive in re­al­is­ing mod­erni­sa­tion of so­cial man­age­ment of civil af­fairs. There­fore, Bei­jing will be the first city to com­plete con­struc­tion of civil ad­min­is­tra­tion by law, which is en­dowed with char­ac­ter­is­tics of the Chi­nese cap­i­tal.

Look­ing ahead, un­der the prin­ci­ple of “civil ad­min­is­tra­tion for the peo­ple,” Bei­jing will build a model of el­derly care ser­vice with its own char­ac­ter­is­tics and im­prove its sys­tem for ba­sic liveli­hood se­cu­rity. Con­stant ef­forts will also be made to strengthen and seek out in­no­va­tions for so­cial man­age­ment, and pro­mote the de­vel­op­ment of the so­cial ser­vice in­dus­try.

Con­certed ef­forts will be de­voted into the in­te­grated de­vel­op­ment of civil ad­min­is­tra­tion un­der­tak­ing in Bei­jing Mu­nic­i­pal­ity, Tian­jin Mu­nic­i­pal­ity and He­bei Prov­ince. Progress of con­struc­tion of civil ad­min­is­tra­tion by law will be ac­cel­er­ated, as will the con­struc­tion of smart civil ad­min­is­tra­tion. In ac­cor­dance with the idea of “con­sol­i­dat­ing guar­an­tee of ba­sic liv­ing stan­dards for peo­ple un­able to work, de­vel­op­ing pos­i­tive liveli­hood poli­cies, en­cour­ag­ing multi-form par­tic­i­pa­tion and pro­mot­ing in­te­grated de­vel­op­ment,” Bei­jing will work steadily to ad­vance the so­cial­i­sa­tion, in­dus­tri­al­i­sa­tion, in­for­ma­ti­sa­tion and sys­tem­a­ti­sa­tion of civil ad­min­is­tra­tion and en­ter a new stage for un­der­tak­ing civil ad­min­is­tra­tion in Bei­jing.

Do­nat­ing to the Bei­jing Char­ity Foun­da­tion

The El­derly Ser­vice Cen­tre at Xueyuanlu Sub-dis­trict, Haid­ian Dis­trict

At the Xicheng Dis­trict Mar­riage Reg­is­tra­tion De­part­ment

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