Shi­jing­shan Boost­ing High-end Green De­vel­op­ment

Beijing (English) - - CONTENTS - Trans­lated by Leng Ya Edited by Mark Zuiderveld

In re­cent years, the dis­trict de­mol­ished derelict build­ings, and strived to trans­form it­self from an in­dus­trial area to a high- end green de­vel­op­ment zone.

In re­cent years, Shi­jing­shan is striv­ing to trans­form from an in­dus­trial area to high- end green de­vel­op­ment. It utilises the op­pur­tu­nity of build­ing Bei­jing into the na­tion's po­lit­i­cal, cul­tural, sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal in­no­ca­tion and for­eign com­mu­ni­ca­tion cen­tre to boost high- end green de­vel­op­ment. It lauched the cam­paign to de­mol­ish il­le­gal build­ings within the dis­trict.

CPC’S Lead­er­ship and Guid­ance

Shi­jing­shan has ad­hered to the lead­er­ship of the Com­mu­nist Party of China (CPC). It has im­ple­mented its ac­count­abil­ity sys­tem and se­lected 39 of­fi­cials to take tem­po­rary posts to de­mol­ish il­le­gal build­ings . In or­der to al­low the grass­roots Party branches and the Party mem­bers to give full play of their roles, Shi­jing­shan has also es­tab­lished the “per­for­mance archives of CPC mem­bers” to record the per­for­mance in tack­ling emer­gen­cies, dif­fi­cult tasks amid their daily work. It also pro­vides im­por­tant ref­er­ence in se­lect­ing and ap­point­ing of­fi­cials, and re­ward­ing those for their deeds.

In the sum­mer of 2017, while the bar street out­side Shi­jing­shan Amuse­ment Park was be­ing de­mol­ished, Shi­jing­shan se­lected staff from 27 de­part­ments to form a co­or­di­na­tion team, and es­tab­lished the tem­po­rary Party branch. The team mem­bers car­ried out the work de­spite the heat: such work as no­ti­fi­ca­tion, sur­veys, and eval­u­a­tions and mapping was fin­ished in three days; 60 com­mer­cial ten­ants signed con­tracts and moved out in 15 days; the de­mo­li­tion started on July 24 and over 20,000 square me­tres were de­mol­ished in only three days, ac­count­ing for 80 per­cent of the en­tire de­mo­li­tion work; in mid-au­gust, the bar street's de­mo­li­tion was com­pleted in ad­vance. Soon, this area will again be a ma­jor land­scape be­fore en­ter­ing the amuse­ment park. When re­vis­it­ing the park, res­i­dents will see green walk­way and city land­scape rather than noisy bars.

Re­form and In­no­va­tion, the ‘Golden Key’

As the only pi­lot dis­trict of city man­age­ment sys­tem re­form in Bei­jing and the pi­lot dis­trict of na­tional com­pre­hen­sive ad­min­is­tra­tive en­force­ment sys­tem re­form, Shi­jing­shan ac­cel­er­ates deep­en­ing and refin­ing de­vel­op­ment of al­le­vi­a­tion, reg­u­la­tion and pro­mo­tion with achieve­ments in re­form.

Since 2014, Shi­jing­shan has fur­ther ad­vanced the in­te­grated man­age­ment sys­tem re­form of city and built a new

in­te­grated so­cial man­age­ment sys­tem, and es­tab­lished the city in­te­grated man­age­ment com­mit­tee to carry out the uni­fied man­age­ment of Party build­ing and law en­force­ment of city man­age­ment by pro­mot­ing the “big de­part­ment sys­tem” of city man­age­ment, and bro­ken the “de­part­ment bot­tle­neck” of things mu­tu­ally un­re­lated. In ad­di­tion, it has fully in­te­grated staff of eight law- en­forc­ing de­part­ments who per­ma­nently stay in the streets and re­alised “in­te­gra­tion of laws and reg­u­la­tions, meth­ods of law en­force­ment, and law en­force­ment strength” to pre­lim­i­nar­ily form an in­te­grated law- en­force­ment work pat­tern.

Shi­jing­shan im­ple­ments the en­tity re­spon­si­bil­ity sys­tem in each street.

For ex­am­ple, dur­ing the de­mo­li­tion of il­le­gal build­ings in the western area of Rongjingcheng, Ba­jiao sub- dis­trict ful­filled its re­gional re­spon­si­bil­ity and co­op­er­ated with other units to hold 20 ar­range­ment and con­sul­ta­tion meet­ings. They con­ducted daily ar­range­ment, weekly con­sul­ta­tion, fre­quent dis­cus­sions. In two and a half months, it com­pleted the reg­u­la­tion task for 302,900 square me­tres of il­le­gal build­ing space, set­ting an ex­am­ple and pro­vid­ing ex­pe­ri­ence for the dis­trict in de­mol­ish­ing key ar­eas.

Sup­port from Neigh­bours, the ‘Lubri­cant’

Since June of 2017, Shi­jing­shan has launched a cam­paign to get rid of il­le­gal build­ings in its com­mu­ni­ties. It aimed to re­move all il­le­gal build­ings by the end of this year ex­cept for the one-storey house areawhich will be de­mol­ished and re­lo­cated. In or­der to win the sup­port of res­i­dents, through such ways as joint man­age­ment and self-man­age­ment of the com­mu­nity, “old neigh­bour coun­cil” and “old neigh­bour per­sua­sion team,” Shi­jing­shan al­lows its el­derly neigh­bours to guide other res­i­dents to re­alise a demo­cratic prac­tice aimed at the self-man­age­ment, self-ed­u­ca­tion and self-ser­vice of res­i­dents, and es­tab­lish and com­plete its self-man­age­ment pat­tern.

With the help of “old neigh­bours,” by the end of Septem­ber 2017, 123 com­mu­ni­ties in Shi­jing­shan Dis­trict have com­pleted form­ing a “com­mu­nity with­out il­le­gal build­ings,” ac­count­ing for 89.78 per­cent of the task. Dur­ing this con­struc­tion, 8,825 il­le­gal com­mu­nity build­ings with an area of over 150,000 square me­tres have been de­mol­ished; over 30,000 square me­tres of green plants have been planted; nearly 30,000 square me­tres of road sur­face have been hard­ened and 1,210 park­ing places have been ren­o­vated. The el­derly neigh­bours also ac­tively par­tic­i­pate in en­vi­ron­men­tal ren­o­va­tion of the com­mu­nity, give sug­ges­tions for build­ing up the com­mu­nity af­ter de­mol­ish­ing il­le­gal build­ings, and take re­spon­si­bil­ity for green land to plant flow­ers and beau­tify the en­vi­ron­ment.

New Blue­print for Pro­mot­ing Func­tions

In “al­le­vi­a­tion, reg­u­la­tion and pro­mo­tion,” Shi­jing­shan has found 681 il­le­gal build­ing sites and ac­quired 2.52 mil­lion square me­tres of va­cant land af­ter reg­u­la­tions. Re­gard­ing the use of this land, the dis­trict gen­er­alises “six groups,” in­clud­ing build­ing a group of cul­ture re­vi­tal­i­sa­tion projects, pre­par­ing a group of park­ing fa­cil­i­ties, build­ing a group of handy ser­vice fa­cil­ity for the pub­lic, build­ing a pub­lic green space, ad­vanc­ing a group for trans­form­ing shanty towns and land de­vel­op­ment projects and a group for in­fra­struc­ture.

Moshikou Street is an an­cient street and Moshikou area is a cul­tural relic pro­tec­tion area in west Bei­jing, and it was once pros­per­ous. Be­cause of un­ordered de­vel­op­ment, the area has be­come dirty and crowded, the feel­ing of an­cient road in western Bei­jing has dis­ap­peared and the res­i­dents here have suf­fered from in­con­ve­nience. In 2016, Shi­jing­shan launched the ren­o­va­tion and trans­for­ma­tion of Moshikou cul­tural relic pro­tec­tion area, cleaned up sev­eral low-end farm pro­duce fairs, cleared out the small shops on the road­side, and built a new large park­ing lot. In 2017, the pi­lot ren­o­va­tion project of Moshikou Nanx­i­ao­jie was fin­ished. Over­head lines have been put un­der­ground, houses have been de­signed and dec­o­rated, pipe­lines have been con­nected to an un­der­ground pipe net­work, with the ex­ter­nal walls of Moshikou Street sched­uled to be ren­o­vated by the end of 2017.

These “six groups” projects will pro­mote Shi­jing­shan's util­i­sa­tion ef­fi­ciency of the land from de­mol­ish­ing il­le­gal build­ings, im­prov­ing peo­ple's liveli­hood, quicken the es­tab­lish­ment of high-grade, pre­ci­sion and an ad­vanced eco­nomic struc­ture, form a work­ing sys­tem of build­ing high-end de­vel­op­ment and ad­vanc­ing pro­mo­tion with Shi­jing­shan's own char­ac­ter­is­tics, and lay a solid foun­da­tion for re­al­is­ing progress for the masses.

Nowa­days, Shi­jing­shan has fewer il­le­gal build­ings and more green land. It will keep va­cant land and in­crease its green land by de­duct­ing al­le­vi­a­tion and reg­u­la­tion, and elim­i­nate its weak­nesses to re­alise a more op­ti­mised re­source al­lo­ca­tion by adding im­proved func­tions.

As the Bei­jing Ur­ban Mas­ter Plan (2016– 2035) was ap­proved by the State Coun­cil, Shi­jing­shan will shoul­der the re­spon­si­bil­i­ties and bet­ter im­ple­ment the tasks in the plan. As one of the ur­ban dis­tricts, it will help re­alise Bei­jing's ori­en­ta­tion as the na­tion's po­lit­i­cal, cul­tural, in­ter­na­tional com­mu­ni­ca­tion and sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal in­no­va­tion cen­tre and con­trib­ute to trans­form­ing Bei­jing into a har­mo­nious and live­able city.

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