Shijingshan Boosting High-end Green Development
In recent years, the district demolished derelict buildings, and strived to transform itself from an industrial area to a high- end green development zone.
In recent years, Shijingshan is striving to transform from an industrial area to high- end green development. It utilises the oppurtunity of building Beijing into the nation's political, cultural, scientific and technological innocation and foreign communication centre to boost high- end green development. It lauched the campaign to demolish illegal buildings within the district.
CPC’S Leadership and Guidance
Shijingshan has adhered to the leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC). It has implemented its accountability system and selected 39 officials to take temporary posts to demolish illegal buildings . In order to allow the grassroots Party branches and the Party members to give full play of their roles, Shijingshan has also established the “performance archives of CPC members” to record the performance in tackling emergencies, difficult tasks amid their daily work. It also provides important reference in selecting and appointing officials, and rewarding those for their deeds.
In the summer of 2017, while the bar street outside Shijingshan Amusement Park was being demolished, Shijingshan selected staff from 27 departments to form a coordination team, and established the temporary Party branch. The team members carried out the work despite the heat: such work as notification, surveys, and evaluations and mapping was finished in three days; 60 commercial tenants signed contracts and moved out in 15 days; the demolition started on July 24 and over 20,000 square metres were demolished in only three days, accounting for 80 percent of the entire demolition work; in mid-august, the bar street's demolition was completed in advance. Soon, this area will again be a major landscape before entering the amusement park. When revisiting the park, residents will see green walkway and city landscape rather than noisy bars.
Reform and Innovation, the ‘Golden Key’
As the only pilot district of city management system reform in Beijing and the pilot district of national comprehensive administrative enforcement system reform, Shijingshan accelerates deepening and refining development of alleviation, regulation and promotion with achievements in reform.
Since 2014, Shijingshan has further advanced the integrated management system reform of city and built a new
integrated social management system, and established the city integrated management committee to carry out the unified management of Party building and law enforcement of city management by promoting the “big department system” of city management, and broken the “department bottleneck” of things mutually unrelated. In addition, it has fully integrated staff of eight law- enforcing departments who permanently stay in the streets and realised “integration of laws and regulations, methods of law enforcement, and law enforcement strength” to preliminarily form an integrated law- enforcement work pattern.
Shijingshan implements the entity responsibility system in each street.
For example, during the demolition of illegal buildings in the western area of Rongjingcheng, Bajiao sub- district fulfilled its regional responsibility and cooperated with other units to hold 20 arrangement and consultation meetings. They conducted daily arrangement, weekly consultation, frequent discussions. In two and a half months, it completed the regulation task for 302,900 square metres of illegal building space, setting an example and providing experience for the district in demolishing key areas.
Support from Neighbours, the ‘Lubricant’
Since June of 2017, Shijingshan has launched a campaign to get rid of illegal buildings in its communities. It aimed to remove all illegal buildings by the end of this year except for the one-storey house areawhich will be demolished and relocated. In order to win the support of residents, through such ways as joint management and self-management of the community, “old neighbour council” and “old neighbour persuasion team,” Shijingshan allows its elderly neighbours to guide other residents to realise a democratic practice aimed at the self-management, self-education and self-service of residents, and establish and complete its self-management pattern.
With the help of “old neighbours,” by the end of September 2017, 123 communities in Shijingshan District have completed forming a “community without illegal buildings,” accounting for 89.78 percent of the task. During this construction, 8,825 illegal community buildings with an area of over 150,000 square metres have been demolished; over 30,000 square metres of green plants have been planted; nearly 30,000 square metres of road surface have been hardened and 1,210 parking places have been renovated. The elderly neighbours also actively participate in environmental renovation of the community, give suggestions for building up the community after demolishing illegal buildings, and take responsibility for green land to plant flowers and beautify the environment.
New Blueprint for Promoting Functions
In “alleviation, regulation and promotion,” Shijingshan has found 681 illegal building sites and acquired 2.52 million square metres of vacant land after regulations. Regarding the use of this land, the district generalises “six groups,” including building a group of culture revitalisation projects, preparing a group of parking facilities, building a group of handy service facility for the public, building a public green space, advancing a group for transforming shanty towns and land development projects and a group for infrastructure.
Moshikou Street is an ancient street and Moshikou area is a cultural relic protection area in west Beijing, and it was once prosperous. Because of unordered development, the area has become dirty and crowded, the feeling of ancient road in western Beijing has disappeared and the residents here have suffered from inconvenience. In 2016, Shijingshan launched the renovation and transformation of Moshikou cultural relic protection area, cleaned up several low-end farm produce fairs, cleared out the small shops on the roadside, and built a new large parking lot. In 2017, the pilot renovation project of Moshikou Nanxiaojie was finished. Overhead lines have been put underground, houses have been designed and decorated, pipelines have been connected to an underground pipe network, with the external walls of Moshikou Street scheduled to be renovated by the end of 2017.
These “six groups” projects will promote Shijingshan's utilisation efficiency of the land from demolishing illegal buildings, improving people's livelihood, quicken the establishment of high-grade, precision and an advanced economic structure, form a working system of building high-end development and advancing promotion with Shijingshan's own characteristics, and lay a solid foundation for realising progress for the masses.
Nowadays, Shijingshan has fewer illegal buildings and more green land. It will keep vacant land and increase its green land by deducting alleviation and regulation, and eliminate its weaknesses to realise a more optimised resource allocation by adding improved functions.
As the Beijing Urban Master Plan (2016– 2035) was approved by the State Council, Shijingshan will shoulder the responsibilities and better implement the tasks in the plan. As one of the urban districts, it will help realise Beijing's orientation as the nation's political, cultural, international communication and scientific and technological innovation centre and contribute to transforming Beijing into a harmonious and liveable city.