Bei­jing’s ‘Golden Busi­ness Card’

Beijing (English) - - EDITOR’S NOTE - Edited by Roberta Raine) Trans­lated by Wang Wei

Bei­jing has more than 3,000 years of his­tory as a city and over 800 years as a cap­i­tal in dif­fer­ent eras. As one of the world’s most well-known cities, Bei­jing has many dif­fer­ent kinds of cul­tural her­itage. Ac­cord­ing to China’s third gen­eral sur­vey of cul­tural relics, there are 3,840 reg­is­tered im­mov­able cul­tural relics in Bei­jing. Of these, 126 are clas­si­fied as Ma­jor Sites Pro­tected for their His­tor­i­cal and Cul­tural Value at the Na­tional Level; seven are UNESCO World Her­itage Sites, in­clud­ing the For­bid­den City and the Tem­ple of Heaven; and 216 are clas­si­fied as Ma­jor Sites Pro­tected for their His­tor­i­cal and Cul­tural Value at the Mu­nic­i­pal Level.

In ad­di­tion, ten Bei­jing’s in­tan­gi­ble cul­tural her­itage items, such as Pek­ing Opera and Kunqu Opera have been in­cluded in UNESCO’S In­tan­gi­ble Cul­tural Her­itage List. The city also is home to 126 na­tional in­tan­gi­ble cul­tural her­itage items and 82 peo­ple who have car­ried on the tra­di­tions of these items.

In Fe­bru­ary 2014 and Fe­bru­ary 2017, when mak­ing vis­its to Bei­jing, Gen­eral Sec­re­tary of the CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee Xi Jin­ping put for­ward the re­quire­ments for pro­tect­ing Bei­jing’s his­tor­i­cal and cul­tural re­sources. Xi pointed out Bei­jing’s rich cul­tural her­itage is “a golden busi­ness card” of the city and pro­tect­ing this valu­able her­itage is the re­spon­si­bil­ity of the gov­ern­ment; that Bei­jing’s his­tor­i­cal and cul­tural re­sources are great wit­nesses to Chi­nese civil­i­sa­tion and must be care­fully pro­tected; and that when car­ry­ing out this pro­tec­tion, the gov­ern­ment needs to pay at­ten­tion to the over­all value of Bei­jing’s his­tory and cul­ture and strengthen the city’s an­cient and mod­ern el­e­ments.

The ques­tion of how to bet­ter pro­tect Bei­jing’s his­tor­i­cal and cul­tural re­sources is of com­mon con­cern to the Bei­jing Mu­nic­i­pal Com­mit­tee of the CPC, the gov­ern­ment of Bei­jing Mu­nic­i­pal­ity, and the city’s res­i­dents. The an­swer to this ques­tion lies in the re­cently ap­proved Bei­jing Ur­ban Mas­ter Plan (2016–2035).

Ac­cord­ing to the Plan, as China’s cul­tural cen­tre, Bei­jing must take the cul­ti­va­tion and pro­mo­tion of so­cial­ist core val­ues as its guide; make pro­tect­ing its rep­u­ta­tion as a fa­mous his­tor­i­cal and cul­tural city; take the devel­op­ment of the Grand Canal, the Great Wall, the Fra­grant Hills and Yongding River as start­ing points; push for­ward a pub­lic cul­tural ser­vice sys­tem and the devel­op­ment of the city’s cul­tural in­no­va­tion in­dus­try.

Res­i­dents will be pleased to know that the Plan fo­cuses on pro­tect­ing our fa­mous his­tor­i­cal and cul­tural city, fur­ther dis­cov­er­ing its his­tor­i­cal and cul­tural re­sources from a broad per­spec­tive, ex­pand­ing and en­rich­ing its pro­tec­tion, and set­ting up a sys­tem to strengthen the pro­tec­tion of the city in re­gard to four lev­els, two ma­jor ar­eas, three cul­ture belts, and nine as­pects.

“Four lev­els” re­fer to pro­tect­ing the four spa­tial lev­els of the old ur­ban area, the cen­tral ur­ban area, the city’s ad­min­is­tra­tive re­gion, and the Bei­jing-tian­jin-he­bei re­gion; “two ar­eas” re­fer to the old ur­ban area and the “Three Hills and Five Gar­dens” area; the “three cul­ture belts” re­fer to the Grand Canal, the Great Wall, and the Fra­grant Hills and Yongding River; and “nine as­pects” in­clude pro­tect­ing and mak­ing proper use of world her­itage and relic sites.

The Plan clearly stresses the pro­tec­tion of the old ur­ban area, in­clud­ing the tra­di­tional cen­tral axis of Bei­jing’s lay­outs formed in the Ming (1368–1644) and Qing (1644– 1911) dy­nas­ties; the pro­tec­tion of the For­bid­den City; the restora­tion of the his­tor­i­cal wa­ter sys­tem; the pro­tec­tion of the orig­i­nal pat­tern of road net­works, and tra­di­tional quad­ran­gle court­yards; strict con­trol of build­ing heights in each dis­trict; main­te­nance of the wide and open form of the old ur­ban area.

Bei­jingers have al­ways been proud of the city’s his­tory and cul­ture. Nowa­days the Bei­jing Ur­ban Mas­ter Plan has be­come a hot topic among Bei­jing res­i­dents, who are look­ing for­ward to see­ing a world- class har­mo­nious and liv­able cap­i­tal with re­stored his­toric build­ings, pleas­ing mod­ern ar­chi­tec­ture, clean streets, lush green spa­ces and clear rivers. The re­al­i­sa­tion of this plan will be a new chap­ter for Bei­jing and will con­trib­ute to achiev­ing the great re­ju­ve­na­tion of the Chi­nese na­tion. (

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from China

© PressReader. All rights reserved.