A World-class Harmonious and Liveable Capital based on ‘Four Centres’
“What kind of capital should we build, and how to build such a capital?” was the big question answered in Beijing Urban Master Plan (2016–35) released at the end of September.
As the capital of a great power marching towards a rejuvenated China, how should it set its longterm development goals for the future? As an ancient capital that has witnessed historical vicissitudes, how should it polish its golden historical and cultural brand and achieve better development while preserving itself?
In the face of curing the “big city diseases,” how should it give more sense of gain to its resident? In the big picture of the coordinated development for the Beijing-
Tianjin-hebei region, how should it fulfil its historic responsibilities?
These questions such as “What kind of capital should we build, and how to build such a capital?” are answered in the Beijing Urban Master Plan (2016–35) (the Plan) released on September 29.
According to the Plan, by 2020, Beijing will make progress in building itself into a worldclass harmonious and liveable city, take the lead in building a moderately well-off society in all aspects, make achievements in relocating the non-essential functions to its role as the capital, enhance the functions essential to its role as the capital, and a new win-win situation for the coordinated development for the Beijing-tianjinHebei region will take shape.
By 2035, Beijing will build itself into a world-class harmonious and liveable city, make achievements in curing “big city diseases,” better optimise the functions essential to its role as the capital, and its comprehensive competitive power will take its place in the front ranks of the world, and the structure of a world-class Beijing-tianjin-hebei urban collection will take shape.
By 2050, Beijing will build itself into a higher-level world-class harmonious and liveable city in an all-round way, become a strong, prosperous, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious and beautiful capital of a modern powerful socialist nation, a capital with more global influence and a model for sustainable-development megacities, and build a world-class urban agglomeration centring on the capital with a good ecological environment, developed economy and culture, and stable society.
A Meticulous Blueprint
The Beijing Urban Master Plan (2004–2020), approved by the State Council in 2005, has played an important role in guiding the urban construction and development, and Beijing has developed into a modern international metropolis. However, deepseated issues have emerged.
Meanwhile, the important strategic decisions on the entry into “New Normal” for economic development, coordinated development for the Beijing-tianjin-hebei region, and planning and construction of Xiongan New Area in Hebei, the organising of 2022 Beijing Olympic Winter Games, and the further advance of the Belt and Road Initiative, will all have a significant and farreaching impact on the future of the capital, and the capital is faced with new situations and opportunities in its development.
General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee Xi Jinping has inspected Beijing twice and delivered speeches since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, pointing out Beijing’s direction in a new era.
To implement requirements based on Xi’s remarks in his inspections of Beijing and to plan and answer questions surrounding the subject of “the kind of capital we should build and how to build it” in a new era. The Municipality started the master plan of the new version in 2014, as guided by the spirit of Xi’s important remarks on February 26, and carried out 38 specific research programmes in nine major aspects.
In making the Plan, the municipality held more than 40 professional seminars where about 200 experts and scholars in various fields put forward their valuable suggestions. From February 23 to 24, 2017, General Secretary Xi Jinping inspected Beijing again, and gave important instructions. Under the leadership of the main leaders of the municipal Party committee and municipal government, Beijing organised efforts to deepen the Plan, modified and perfected the text of the Plan, and has updated 16 drafts where significant modifications were made.
On May 17, 2017, the CPC Beijing Municipal Committee held the 14th plenary session of the 11th CPC Beijing Municipal Committee to study and review the draft of the Plan, and unanimously agreed to submit it to the CPC Central Committee and the State Council for approval. On June
27, 2017, General Secretary Xi Jinping chaired a meeting of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the CPC, listened to the report on the making of the Plan, and gave important instructions.
Afterwards, Beijing Municipality held a meeting of the Standing Committee of the Municipal CPC Committee and the 2nd plenary session of the 12th Municipal CPC Committee to study General Secretary Xi’s remarks, organised efforts to further modify and perfect the achievements of the Plan, and submitted it to the CPC Central Committee and the State Council a second time.
On September 13, 2017, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council officially approved the Beijing Urban Master Plan (2016–35), indicating that the Plan has become a statutory blueprint for the capital’s development.
The planning areas covered in the Plan are the Beijing administrative areas, with a gross area of 16,410 square kilometres. The planning period is from 2016 to 2035, and the basic