A World-class Har­mo­nious and Live­able Cap­i­tal based on ‘Four Cen­tres’

Beijing (English) - - CONTENTS - Trans­lated by Zhang Chao Edited by Mark Zuiderveld Photos by Ma Wenx­iao, Zhou Shi­jie, Hu Shengli

“What kind of cap­i­tal should we build, and how to build such a cap­i­tal?” was the big ques­tion an­swered in Bei­jing Ur­ban Mas­ter Plan (2016–35) re­leased at the end of Septem­ber.

As the cap­i­tal of a great power marching to­wards a re­ju­ve­nated China, how should it set its longterm devel­op­ment goals for the fu­ture? As an an­cient cap­i­tal that has wit­nessed his­tor­i­cal vi­cis­si­tudes, how should it pol­ish its golden his­tor­i­cal and cul­tural brand and achieve bet­ter devel­op­ment while pre­serv­ing it­self?

In the face of cur­ing the “big city dis­eases,” how should it give more sense of gain to its res­i­dent? In the big pic­ture of the co­or­di­nated devel­op­ment for the Bei­jing-

Tian­jin-he­bei re­gion, how should it ful­fil its his­toric re­spon­si­bil­i­ties?

These ques­tions such as “What kind of cap­i­tal should we build, and how to build such a cap­i­tal?” are an­swered in the Bei­jing Ur­ban Mas­ter Plan (2016–35) (the Plan) re­leased on Septem­ber 29.

Ac­cord­ing to the Plan, by 2020, Bei­jing will make progress in build­ing it­self into a world­class har­mo­nious and live­able city, take the lead in build­ing a mod­er­ately well-off so­ci­ety in all as­pects, make achieve­ments in re­lo­cat­ing the non-es­sen­tial func­tions to its role as the cap­i­tal, en­hance the func­tions es­sen­tial to its role as the cap­i­tal, and a new win-win sit­u­a­tion for the co­or­di­nated devel­op­ment for the Bei­jing-tian­jinHe­bei re­gion will take shape.

By 2035, Bei­jing will build it­self into a world-class har­mo­nious and live­able city, make achieve­ments in cur­ing “big city dis­eases,” bet­ter op­ti­mise the func­tions es­sen­tial to its role as the cap­i­tal, and its com­pre­hen­sive com­pet­i­tive power will take its place in the front ranks of the world, and the struc­ture of a world-class Bei­jing-tian­jin-he­bei ur­ban col­lec­tion will take shape.

By 2050, Bei­jing will build it­self into a higher-level world-class har­mo­nious and live­able city in an all-round way, be­come a strong, pros­per­ous, demo­cratic, cul­tur­ally ad­vanced, har­mo­nious and beau­ti­ful cap­i­tal of a mod­ern pow­er­ful so­cial­ist na­tion, a cap­i­tal with more global in­flu­ence and a model for sus­tain­able-devel­op­ment megac­i­ties, and build a world-class ur­ban ag­glom­er­a­tion cen­tring on the cap­i­tal with a good eco­log­i­cal en­vi­ron­ment, de­vel­oped econ­omy and cul­ture, and sta­ble so­ci­ety.

A Metic­u­lous Blue­print

The Bei­jing Ur­ban Mas­ter Plan (2004–2020), ap­proved by the State Coun­cil in 2005, has played an im­por­tant role in guid­ing the ur­ban con­struc­tion and devel­op­ment, and Bei­jing has de­vel­oped into a mod­ern in­ter­na­tional me­trop­o­lis. How­ever, deepseated is­sues have emerged.

Mean­while, the im­por­tant strate­gic de­ci­sions on the en­try into “New Nor­mal” for eco­nomic devel­op­ment, co­or­di­nated devel­op­ment for the Bei­jing-tian­jin-he­bei re­gion, and plan­ning and con­struc­tion of Xion­gan New Area in He­bei, the or­gan­is­ing of 2022 Bei­jing Olympic Win­ter Games, and the fur­ther ad­vance of the Belt and Road Ini­tia­tive, will all have a sig­nif­i­cant and far­reach­ing im­pact on the fu­ture of the cap­i­tal, and the cap­i­tal is faced with new sit­u­a­tions and op­por­tu­ni­ties in its devel­op­ment.

Gen­eral Sec­re­tary of the CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee Xi Jin­ping has in­spected Bei­jing twice and de­liv­ered speeches since the 18th Na­tional Congress of the CPC, point­ing out Bei­jing’s di­rec­tion in a new era.

To im­ple­ment re­quire­ments based on Xi’s re­marks in his in­spec­tions of Bei­jing and to plan and an­swer ques­tions sur­round­ing the sub­ject of “the kind of cap­i­tal we should build and how to build it” in a new era. The Mu­nic­i­pal­ity started the mas­ter plan of the new ver­sion in 2014, as guided by the spirit of Xi’s im­por­tant re­marks on Fe­bru­ary 26, and car­ried out 38 spe­cific re­search pro­grammes in nine ma­jor as­pects.

In mak­ing the Plan, the mu­nic­i­pal­ity held more than 40 pro­fes­sional sem­i­nars where about 200 ex­perts and schol­ars in var­i­ous fields put for­ward their valu­able sug­ges­tions. From Fe­bru­ary 23 to 24, 2017, Gen­eral Sec­re­tary Xi Jin­ping in­spected Bei­jing again, and gave im­por­tant in­struc­tions. Un­der the lead­er­ship of the main lead­ers of the mu­nic­i­pal Party com­mit­tee and mu­nic­i­pal gov­ern­ment, Bei­jing or­gan­ised ef­forts to deepen the Plan, mod­i­fied and per­fected the text of the Plan, and has up­dated 16 drafts where sig­nif­i­cant mod­i­fi­ca­tions were made.

On May 17, 2017, the CPC Bei­jing Mu­nic­i­pal Com­mit­tee held the 14th ple­nary ses­sion of the 11th CPC Bei­jing Mu­nic­i­pal Com­mit­tee to study and re­view the draft of the Plan, and unan­i­mously agreed to sub­mit it to the CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee and the State Coun­cil for ap­proval. On June

27, 2017, Gen­eral Sec­re­tary Xi Jin­ping chaired a meet­ing of the Stand­ing Com­mit­tee of the Po­lit­i­cal Bu­reau of the Cen­tral Com­mit­tee of the CPC, lis­tened to the re­port on the mak­ing of the Plan, and gave im­por­tant in­struc­tions.

Af­ter­wards, Bei­jing Mu­nic­i­pal­ity held a meet­ing of the Stand­ing Com­mit­tee of the Mu­nic­i­pal CPC Com­mit­tee and the 2nd ple­nary ses­sion of the 12th Mu­nic­i­pal CPC Com­mit­tee to study Gen­eral Sec­re­tary Xi’s re­marks, or­gan­ised ef­forts to fur­ther mod­ify and per­fect the achieve­ments of the Plan, and sub­mit­ted it to the CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee and the State Coun­cil a sec­ond time.

On Septem­ber 13, 2017, the CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee and the State Coun­cil of­fi­cially ap­proved the Bei­jing Ur­ban Mas­ter Plan (2016–35), in­di­cat­ing that the Plan has be­come a statu­tory blue­print for the cap­i­tal’s devel­op­ment.

The plan­ning ar­eas cov­ered in the Plan are the Bei­jing ad­min­is­tra­tive ar­eas, with a gross area of 16,410 square kilo­me­tres. The plan­ning pe­riod is from 2016 to 2035, and the ba­sic

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