Smoother Trans­port in the Cap­i­tal

Beijing (English) - - CONTENTS - Trans­lated by Zhang Hong­peng Edited by Scott Bray Pho­tos by Li Xiaoyin, Ma Ke, Xia Meng­nan, Zhao Yue, Zhou Shi­jie

2017 saw Bei­jing’s ex­pe­di­ent and essen­tial mea­sures to re­duce traf­fic con­ges­tion. Im­prove­ments to the traf­fic sys­tem make life as a mod­ern Bei­jinger bet­ter in more ways than one.

Nowhere is the old adage “change is con­stant” more true than in Bei­jing. Each day brings change to the cap­i­tal, like im­prove­ments to the traf­fic sys­tem and new road­ways and sub­way lines that con­tinue to im­prove life as a mod­ern Bei­jinger.

In 2017, Bei­jing’s trans­port sec­tor took ex­pe­di­ent and essen­tial mea­sures to re­duce traf­fic con­ges­tion. Crit­i­cal to ramp­ing up the cap­i­tal’s trans­porta­tion plan­ning, con­struc­tion, man­age­ment,

and lim­it­ing mea­sures has been the proac­tive im­ple­men­ta­tion of its an­nual traf­fic con­ges­tion re­duc­tion plan. In store for its plan­ning are ef­forts to en­cour­age some pop­u­la­tion re­lo­ca­tion , re­mov­ing sec­tors un­re­lated to cap­i­tal func­tions, and op­ti­mis­ing work-life bal­ance and com­mut­ing dis­tances. Con­struc­tion has like­wise seen a boost in im­ple­men­ta­tion for such traf­fic in­fra­struc­ture con­struc­tion as raillines, roads, hubs, bus tran­sit lanes, bi­cy­cle lanes, and park-and-ride fa­cil­i­ties. To meet the needs of these new fa­cil­i­ties, Bei­jing has ex­plored the po­ten­tial of its traf­fic fa­cil­i­ties, im­prov­ing traf­fic order, and en­hanc­ing its en­force­ment of traf­fic law to de­liver com­pre­hen­sive up­grades to its traf­fic man­age­ment and ser­vices. Com­pre­hen­sive lim­it­ing mea­sures to re­duce ve­hi­cle us­age, fa­cil­i­tate and im­prove in­ter­city travel and speed up the shap­ing of a safe, ef­fi­cient, green, and eco­nom­i­cal com­pre­hen­sive traf­fic sys­tem to in­stil a real “sense of gain” with Bei­jing res­i­dents round out the cap­i­tal’s plans.

Last year saw a com­pre­hen­sive un­der­tak­ing of plans to re­duce traf­fic con­ges­tion, lead­ing to the con­struc­tion of side roads and Bei­jing achiev­ing higher-than- ex­pected re­duc­tions in con­ges­tion for 2017. An in­creas­ing trend in traf­fic in­fra­struc­ture in­vest­ment man­i­fested it­self along­side pos­i­tive ef­fects from the in- depth reform of the trans­port sec­tor. Op­er­a­tion of the traf­fic sys­tem op­er­a­tions in Cen­tral Bei­jing grad­u­ally con­tin­ued to im­prove with the ma­tur­ing of sus­tain­able trans­porta­tion de­vel­op­ment. Green travel rep­re­sented 72 per­cent of all travel, and the av­er­age traf­fic per­for­mance in­dex was con­trolled at 5.6—un­changed from 2016. As with the prior year, in 2017 Bei­jing’s traf­fic sys­tem re­mained at the level of mild traf­fic con­ges­tion.

Ac­cel­er­at­ing Traf­fic In­fra­struc­ture

The traf­fic sys­tem is the back­bone for the co­or­di­nated de­vel­op­ment of the Bei­jing, Tian­jin and He­bei re­gion. In 2017, break­throughs were made in traf­fic in­te­gra­tion within Bei­jing-tian­jin-he­bei, bol­ster­ing deeper eco­nomic in­te­gra­tion in the re­gion. Con­struc­tion of six ma­jor ex­press­ways made steady progress, reach­ing a to­tal length of 157.7 kilo­me­tres (km), in­clud­ing the Xin­g­longkou– Yan­qing, Bei­jing–qin­huang­dao, Cap­i­tal Re­gion Ring, Yan­qing–chongli and New Air­port ex­press­ways, while con­struc­tion of the north sec­tion of the New Air­port Ex­press­way is un­der way.

In ad­di­tion to its new ex­press­ways, the pub­lic tran­sit card sys­tems in Bei­jing, Tian­jin and He­bei have been in­te­grated for cards to op­er­ate across the re­gion. Bei­jing also pi­loted a pro­gramme in­te­grat­ing pas­sen­ger ser­vices across Bei­jing-tian­jin-he­bei, its net­work-based tick­et­ing sys­tem cur­rently cov­er­ing 100 pas­sen­ger sta­tions at the sec­ondary level or above. Op­er­a­tional mech­a­nisms of traf­fic in­te­gra­tion have made sub­stan­tial progress, with the three ar­eas jointly sign­ing the Leg­isla­tive Agree­ment of Co­or­di­nated Op­er­a­tional Mea­sures on Bei­jing-tian­jin-he­bei Road­ways and the Co­op­er­a­tive Mea­sures on Ad­min­is­tra­tive En­force­ment of Trans­porta­tion Laws in Bei­jing-tian­jin-he­bei.

In 2017, per its high stan­dards, Bei­jing planned and de­vel­oped the trans­port sys­tem of its ur­ban sub-cen­tre. Cur­rently, the Songliang Road ren­o­va­tion project has been com­pleted and put into ser­vice, Yunhe East Street (East 6th Ring Road to Songliang Road) has been made el­i­gi­ble for op­er­a­tion and the east ex­ten­sion of Guangqu Road ( Yile West Road to East 6th Ring Road) has been brought into the im­ple­men­ta­tion phase as sched­uled in the sub-cen­tre con­trol project. In ad­di­tion, Tongzhou District com­pleted 12 road projects and pushed ahead with seven oth­ers as planned. To im­prove the road net­work in the vicin­ity of Uni­ver­sal Stu­dios in Tongzhou, fly­overs for the East 6th Ring Road at Uni­ver­sal Stu­dios and be­tween Bei­jing–harbin Ex­press­way and Ji­ude Road are now un­der con­struc­tion. Af­ter the projects are com­pleted, the up­grades to road in­fra­struc­ture of Bei­jing’s ur­ban sub-cen­tre will look promis­ing.

Im­prov­ing the com­mute be­tween Cen­tral Bei­jing and Bei­jing’s ur­ban sub-cen­tres are an ar­ray of pub­lic trans­porta­tion projects. On De­cem­ber 31, 2017, the ur­ban sub-cen­tre line of the subur­ban rail­way sys­tem was put into op­er­a­tion, en­abling pas­sen­gers to ride 48 min­utes from the start­ing point to the ter­mi­nal. Mean­while, projects like the Guangqu Road bus rapid tran­sit (BRT) sys­tem, Dongx­i­aoy­ing’s pub­lic trans­port hub and the traf­fic hub at Dongx­i­ayuan are pro­ceed­ing as planned.

Help­ing shape a high- speed trans­port net­work cov­er­ing the ur­ban sub- cen­tre are four rail lines in­clud­ing Bei­jing sub­way Line 1 ( Ba­tong Line), Line 6, Line 7 and the ur­ban sub­cen­tre line of the subur­ban rail­way sys­tem along with Chaoyang North Road, Chaoyang Road, Jing­tong Ex­press­way, Guangqu Ex­press­way and the Bei­jing– Harbin Ex­press­way. Traf­fic

en­vi­ron­ments along the Tongzhou– Yan­jiao Ex­press­way and Jing­tong Ex­press­way have been im­proved, and con­ges­tion has been re­lieved at 23 choke points in­clud­ing ex­its at Huox­ian, Xiaosheng­miao and Furong Road. Ur­ban sub- cen­tre con­ges­tion ef­fec­tively eased via op­ti­mis­ing, ren­o­vat­ing and up­grad­ing ex­ist­ing roads and traf­fic fa­cil­i­ties.

Alle­vi­at­ing Traf­fic Con­ges­tion in Cen­tral Bei­jing

In 2017, six ur­ban dis­tricts of Bei­jing kicked off the con­struc­tion of 92 side roads, com­pared to 90 in 2016, to curb traf­fic con­ges­tion and im­prove the road net­work in Cen­tral Bei­jing.

The year saw a to­tal of 115 projects im­ple­mented to elim­i­nate traf­fic choke points and reg­u­late ar­eas with chaotic traf­fic. This in­cluded ren­o­vat­ing the Fen­zhongsi Bridge ramp at South­east 3rd Ring Road, widen­ing the Huox­ian Toll Sta­tion along the Bei­jing–harbin Ex­press­way and build­ing an un­der­ground pedes­trian path at Dawang Bridge. Since 2003, Bei­jing has com­pleted more than 2,200 traf­fic im­prove­ment projects at the mu­nic­i­pal and district lev­els, in­clud­ing im­prov­ing traf­fic fa­cil­i­ties of in­ter­sec­tions, redefin­ing en­trances and ex­its of cer­tain trunk roads, build­ing bus bays and offline bus stops, ren­o­vat­ing pedes­trian cross­ing fa­cil­i­ties, es­tab­lish­ing tidal flows, de­lim­it­ing bus lanes, up­grad­ing road equip­ment and clean­ing up road­way bar­ri­ers and ob­sta­cles.

In the mean­time, com­pre­hen­sive gov­er­nance of traf­fic sys­tems for 12 re­gions in Bei­jing’s six ur­ban dis­tricts has been com­pleted to pos­i­tive traf­fic out­comes along­side the deep­en­ing of com­pre­hen­sive park­ing gov­er­nance. Sur­vey­ing and analysing its park­ing re­sources, Bei­jing con­firmed the to­tal num­ber of park­ing spa­ces at 3.82 mil­lion (in­clud­ing 2.19 mil­lion in res­i­den­tial neigh­bour­hoods) in 331 sub-dis­tricts, town­ships and towns within its 16 dis­tricts by the end of 2016. Based on the anal­y­sis of its statis­tics, Bei­jing’s ar­eas have been clas­si­fied into five cat­e­gories for the up­grade of park­ing fa­cil­i­ties ac­cord­ing to their re­spec­tive park­ing ra­tios. In ad­di­tion, Bei­jing is pi­lot­ing an elec­tronic fee col­lec­tion sys­tem for road­side park­ing lots based on the road­side park­ing mon­i­tor­ing and man­age­ment plat­form in­de­pen­dently de­vel­oped by the city. The plat­form fea­tures dy­namic mon­i­tor­ing, ser­vice su­per­vi­sion, in­for­ma­tion ser­vices, statis­tics anal­y­sis, and in­spec­tion and is ca­pa­ble of mon­i­tor­ing and man­ag­ing road­side park­ing at the mu­nic­i­pal and district lev­els. So far the sys­tem has been ap­plied to 4,086 park­ing spa­ces along 37 roads in Bei­jing’s six ur­ban dis­tricts and Tongzhou District and is planned to cover all road­side park­ing spa­ces in Bei­jing by the end of 2019.

The city has also been work­ing to pro­mote park­ing leg­is­la­tion. Based on its as­sess­ment of the ef­fects of the three- year im­ple­men­ta­tion of Bei­jing Ad­min­is­tra­tive Mea­sures on Park­ing, Bei­jing has proac­tively up­graded ad­min­is­tra­tive mea­sures to lo­cal law to meet new de­mands ex­e­cut­ing the rule of law. To fur­ther de­fine the rights and re­spon­si­bil­i­ties of the gov­ern­ment, en­ter­prises, and so­ci­ety and its ci­ti­zens, a pub­lic park­ing gov­er­nance sys­tem is be­ing es­tab­lished with a fo­cus on clas­si­fi­ca­tion, proper util­i­sa­tion, ap­pro­pri­ate man­age­ment and so­cial gov­er­nance, and the in­crease of park­ing spa­ces. Bei­jing is striv­ing to leg­is­late on park­ing. Cur­rently, the draft of Bei­jing’s Reg­u­la­tions on Park­ing has been re­viewed three times by the Stand­ing Com­mit­tee of Bei­jing Mu­nic­i­pal Peo­ple’s Congress.

In 2017, Bei­jing ac­tively ex­plored new mod­els of in­vest­ment, con­struc­tion and man­age­ment for plots of pub­lic park­ing. On July 31, 2017, a large pub­lic park­ing fa­cil­ity be­gan trial op­er­a­tion in the un­der­ground park­ing lot in Wukesong. This fa­cil­ity was the first funded by the Bei­jing Mu­nic­i­pal Gov­ern­ment but man­aged by a com­pany. On Novem­ber 5 of the same year, Bei­jing Static Traf­fic In­vest­ment and Op­er­a­tion Com­pany, Ltd. was es­tab­lished to in­te­grate static traf­fic re­sources in Bei­jing by build­ing an in­vest­ment and op­er­a­tion plat­form. The com­pany will also be play­ing a lead­ing role in the in­vest­ment, de­vel­op­ment and op­er­a­tion of Bei­jing’s static traf­fic re­sources and ad­dress prob­lems in static traf­fic by in­te­grat­ing cap­i­tal, in­for­ma­tion and the mar­ket it­self.

En­hanc­ing Ca­pac­ity of Pub­lic Trans­port

The Min­istry of Trans­port of China has in­cluded Bei­jing in the first group of model cities for de­vel­op­ment of the pub­lic trans­port sys­tem. The cap­i­tal will use pub­lic trans­port as an im­por­tant so­lu­tion to solve ur­ban headaches and re­duce traf­fic con­ges­tion. Through its con­tin­u­ous deep­en­ing of sup­ply-side struc­tural reform, the city will strive to pro­mote pub­lic tran­sit ca­pac­ity to meet the travel de­mands of its ci­ti­zens.

Fur­ther im­proved in 2017 was Bei­jing’s on-road pub­lic trans­porta­tion net­work. To ex­pand its pub­lic trans­porta­tion net­work and raise tran­sit ef­fi­ciency, the city con­tin­ued to build trunk roads and op­ti­mise bus routes in Cen­tral Bei­jing. In 2017, it re­con­fig­ured 41 bus routes and opened 16 short bus routes to cover new com­mu­ni­ties, emerg­ing in­dus­trial parks, and sub­way sta­tions. A to­tal of 309 cus­tom bus, shut­tle and tourist bus routes have been put into ser­vice, in­clud­ing 140 rapid tran­sit bus routes serv­ing over 20,000 pas­sen­gers daily. The cap­i­tal has been hard at work diver­si­fy­ing its bus ser­vice to meet spe­cific de­mands of pas­sen­gers.

In its en­deav­ours to bring about more ser­vices, Bei­jing has also been de­vel­op­ing its rail tran­sit sys­tem. With the Yan­fang Line, ma­glev Line S1 and Xi­jiao Line put into trial op­er­a­tion on De­cem­ber 30, 2017, there were 22 rail tran­sit lines in Bei­jing. With a to­tal length of 608 kilo­me­tres, its rail lines con­nect 370 sta­tions, of which 56 are trans­fer sta­tions. Plat­form doors have been put into op­er­a­tion on sta­tions along sub­way Line 1 and Line 2 to pro­mote safety for the two old­est lines in Bei­jing. To pro­vide more con­ve­nient “In­ter­net Plus” ser­vices, the cap­i­tal has re­alised on­line tick­et­ing, al­low­ing pas­sen­gers to pass through gates with the swipe of a smart­phone. Rail tran­sit usu­ally sees more than 10 mil­lion pas­sen­gers per day thanks to the con­ve­nience it pro­vides.

Bi­cy­cle and pedes­trian sys­tems have also seen an up­grade. In 2017, Bei­jing con­tin­ued to im­prove its low-speed travel sys­tem and up­grade green travel con­di­tions. The cap­i­tal ren­o­vated 635 km of bi­cy­cle lanes, main­tained 260,000 square me­tres (sq.m) of pedes­trian path­way, built 121 wheel­chair ramps, widened and un­blocked 59 pedes­trian paths, re­moved 63 ob­sta­cles, in­stalled 5,482 bol­lards and paved 68,000 sq.m of colour­ful non-mo­tor ve­hi­cle lanes. The city has fur­ther de­signed a plan for a bi­cy­cle lane from Ruan­jianyuan, Shangdi to Hui­long­guan. Fol­low­ing their ren­o­va­tion, the bi­cy­cle lanes and pedes­trian paths saw no­tice­able safety and com­fort up­grades. Ac­cord­ing to statis­tics, the pedes­trian and non-mo­tor ve­hi­cle traf­fic vol­umes in­creased by 4.42 per­cent and 51.85 per­cent re­spec­tively, in­di­cat­ing that more peo­ple have been opt­ing to walk or cy­cle around Bei­jing.

Cre­at­ing Greener Traf­fic

2017 also saw the cap­i­tal striv­ing to se­cure sound de­vel­op­ment in its bi­cy­cle­shar­ing sys­tem and al­low the sys­tem to lower car­bon emis­sions, fa­cil­i­tat­ing short­dis­tance travel and re­duc­ing the us­age of mo­tor ve­hi­cles. To that end, Bei­jing is­sued the reg­u­la­tions: Bei­jing’s Guide­lines for En­cour­ag­ing Sound De­vel­op­ment of Bi­cy­cle-shar­ing Sys­tem ( Ten­ta­tive), Tech­ni­cal and Ser­vice Spec­i­fi­ca­tions for the Bi­cy­cle-shar­ing Sys­tem and Tech­ni­cal Guides for De­lim­i­ta­tion of Park­ing Lots of Shared Bi­cy­cles. These will reg­u­late the bi­cy­cle-shar­ing mar­ket in re­gards to dis­or­derly park­ing, lack of over­sight for de­posits and the sab­o­tage of bi­cy­cles. These mea­sures will sup­port and guide the sound de­vel­op­ment of the bi­cy­cle­shar­ing mar­ket in Bei­jing.

New poli­cies were also is­sued to reg­u­late and im­prove car-hail­ing ser­vices by sim­pli­fy­ing the ad­min­is­tra­tive pro­ce­dures and fa­cil­i­tat­ing ap­pli­ca­tions of car-hail­ing plat­forms, driv­ers and cus­tomers for li­censes. Cur­rently, Bei­jing has eight car-hail­ing op­er­a­tors, in­clud­ing Shou Qi Car-hail­ing. The car-hail­ing sys­tem con­tin­ues to grow, and will pro­vide safer, more con­ve­nient and com­fort­able ser­vices for pas­sen­gers to­gether with tra­di­tional taxi ser­vice.

Bei­jing is fur­ther bol­ster­ing its high­tech in­dus­try through the reg­u­la­tion and en­cour­age­ment of test­ing driver­less cars on pub­lic roads. The cap­i­tal has also been tak­ing mea­sures to sup­port

the de­vel­op­ment of au­to­mated driv­ing, lead­ing to new break­throughs in ur­ban traf­fic man­age­ment and ser­vices. In late 2017, Bei­jing is­sued two doc­u­ments to guide and reg­u­late the test­ing of driver­less cars on pub­lic roads. Its ef­forts to steadily pro­mote the test­ing of driver­less cars on pub­lic roads are to se­cure fu­ture traf­fic safety.

The tight­en­ing of ad­min­is­tra­tive sys­tems within the cap­i­tal is fur­ther re­duc­ing traf­fic con­ges­tion. Through var­i­ous mea­sures, Bei­jing has sim­pli­fied pre- event re­view and ap­proval of traf­fic in­fra­struc­ture, us­ing big data to im­prove traf­fic mon­i­tor­ing and trou­bleshoot­ing of choke points. These mea­sures have been ef­fec­tive in ex­pe­dit­ing the im­ple­men­ta­tion of traf­fic projects. A list of re­spon­si­bil­i­ties for traf­fic con­ges­tion re­duc­tion was is­sued, while its mu­nic­i­pal and district gov­ern­ments have made the State­ment on Re­spon­si­bil­i­ties for Re­duc­ing Traf­fic Con­ges­tion to de­fine the district gov­ern­ment’s re­spon­si­bil­i­ties for re­duc­ing traf­fic con­ges­tion. The Bei­jing mu­nic­i­pal gov­ern­ment has ad­di­tion­ally es­tab­lished a su­per­vi­sion team for traf­fic con­ges­tion re­duc­tion and made a su­per­vi­sion in­for­ma­tion sys­tem to co­or­di­nate at the mu­nic­i­pal and district lev­els to ful­fil its goals for re­duc­ing traf­fic con­ges­tion.

The year has also seen in­ten­si­fied stud­ies of com­pre­hen­sive poli­cies in Bei­jing, cre­at­ing a blueprint for traf­fic de­vel­op­ment. The cap­i­tal first an­a­lysed causes for traf­fic con­ges­tion, and iden­ti­fied 201 causes in six cat­e­gories across four lev­els. To ad­dress those causes, a coun­ter­mea­sure data­base for re­duc­ing traf­fic con­ges­tion was es­tab­lished, sum­maris­ing over 600 traf­fic mea­sures in terms of treat­ing traf­fic is­sues aris­ing from traf­fic sup­ply, rais­ing traf­fic ca­pac­ity and im­prov­ing the ef­fi­cient use rate of traf­fic fa­cil­i­ties. Bei­jing then took to for­mu­lat­ing its Whitepa­per of the Com­pre­hen­sive Plan for Bei­jing’s Traf­fic De­vel­op­ment to es­tab­lish a com­pre­hen­sive plan for re­solv­ing traf­fic con­ges­tion and shap­ing an ef­fec­tive traf­fic gov­er­nance sys­tem for the megac­ity by analysing traf­fic prob­lems and dis­clos­ing so­lu­tions. Fi­nally, a com­pre­hen­sive traf­fic roadmap was spec­i­fied in de­tail to de­velop a safe traf­fic sys­tem for Bei­jing. The cap­i­tal is con­tin­u­ing to work to­ward a com­pre­hen­sive, mod­ern traf­fic sys­tem which cov­ers 10 sub­sys­tems, such as re­gional trans­porta­tion, pub­lic trans­port, pedes­tri­ans and cy­clists, road fa­cil­i­ties and their op­er­a­tion, park­ing fa­cil­i­ties and their man­age­ment, traf­fic man­age­ment, smart trans­port, green trans­port, and safe trans­port. The sys­tem will be im­ple­mented in phases ac­cord­ing to Bei­jing’s five- year plan.

Ful­fill­ing the Cap­i­tal’s Ori­en­ta­tion by Im­prov­ing Trans­port

2018 is the first year to im­ple­ment the guid­ing prin­ci­ples of the 19th CPC Na­tional Congress. Bei­jing’s trans­port sec­tor will ad­here to its peo­ple-cen­tred de­vel­op­ment ideas, deem traf­fic de­vel­op­ment as its mis­sion, help ful­fil Bei­jing’s strate­gic ori­en­ta­tion to­ward the four na­tional cen­tres, de­velop tran­sit based on reform and in­no­va­tion un­der the rule of law and un­dergo the fo­cused im­ple­men­ta­tion of the Bei­jing Ur­ban Master Plan (2016–2035) un­der the lead­er­ship of the CPC Bei­jing Mu­nic­i­pal Com­mit­tee and Peo­ple’s Gov­ern­ment of Bei­jing Mu­nic­i­pal­ity. The sec­tor will also high­light the lim­i­ta­tions of its traf­fic ca­pac­ity, deepen co­or­di­nated de­vel­op­ment be­tween Bei­jing, Tian­jin and He­bei, in­ten­sify park­ing man­age­ment, im­prove the green travel en­vi­ron­ment, im­ple­ment and share ac­cu­rate, law-based gov­er­nance, drive de­vel­op­ment through reform and in­no­va­tion and ad­vo­cate law-abid­ing, eth­i­cal be­hav­iours. Ad­di­tion­ally, by tak­ing sci­en­tific, eco­nomic, le­gal and req­ui­site ad­min­is­tra­tive mea­sures, this sec­tor will fur­ther boost co­or­di­nated city and trans­port de­vel­op­ment, max­imise the “sense of gain” within the pop­u­lace and con­tinue to make progress re­duc­ing traf­fic con­ges­tion.

Traf­fic ca­pac­ity will be adopted as a lim­i­ta­tion to ur­ban de­vel­op­ment to

ne­ces­si­tate im­prov­ing the in­ter­con­nec­tiv­ity be­tween the traf­fic sys­tem and pop­u­la­tion size, ur­ban spa­tial lay­out, work-life bal­ance and de­vel­op­ment in­ten­sity, cre­at­ing an im­per­a­tive to ad­vance the co­or­di­nated de­vel­op­ment be­tween trans­porta­tion and the city it­self. At the same time, Bei­jing is pur­su­ing higher traf­fic gov­er­nance and de­vel­op­ment goals to build a safe, con­ve­nient, green and eco­nom­i­cal com­pre­hen­sive mod­ern traf­fic sys­tem and bet­ter serve Bei­jing’s strate­gic ori­en­ta­tion to­ward the four na­tional cen­tres. Fur­ther­more, af­ter deeply un­der­stand­ing in­flu­ences of the rail tran­sit net­work and the rapid de­vel­op­ment of the shar­ing econ­omy on traf­fic op­er­a­tion, Bei­jing is op­ti­mis­ing its meth­ods of travel by con­tin­u­ing to de­velop its rail tran­sit and en­cour­ag­ing new traf­fic ser­vices such as bi­cy­cle-shar­ing, car-hail­ing and au­to­mated driv­ing. Nat­u­rally, pri­or­ity will still be given to re­duc­ing traf­fic con­ges­tion by high­light­ing the district’s role in re­duc­ing traf­fic con­ges­tion to help solve prob­lems of a large city. To that end, Bei­jing will set new goals, take new mea­sures, pro­duce new out­comes and share new ex­pe­ri­ences of its trans­port sys­tem an­nu­ally.

Ac­cord­ing to rel­e­vant au­thor­i­ties, Bei­jing has a set of traf­fic goals for 2018. These in­clude guar­an­tee­ing smooth op­er­a­tion of road trans­port, con­trol­ling the num­ber of mo­tor ve­hi­cles in ser­vice at 6.1 mil­lion max­i­mum, with a traf­fic per­for­mance in­dex of about 5.7. Rail tran­sit will con­tinue de­vel­op­ment, ex­tend­ing the to­tal in-ser­vice length of rail to at least 632 km. Nine hun­dred km of bi­cy­cle lanes will be im­proved, en­sur­ing the avail­abil­ity of the low-speed travel sys­tem, with an aim to raise the pro­por­tion of green travel to 73 per­cent. Man­age­ment of or­derly road traf­fic will be in­ten­si­fied, reg­u­lat­ing park­ing within the 2nd Ring Road and rais­ing driver, pas­sen­ger, and pedes­trian aware­ness for ob­serv­ing laws and reg­u­la­tion, road safety and civilised be­hav­iour.

As we move into 2018, Bei­jing will re­duce seven as­pects of traf­fic con­ges­tion. It will first strive to de­velop the road net­work and up­grade side roads and al­leys within Cen­tral Bei­jing. Sec­ond, new traf­fic projects will be car­ried out to elim­i­nate traf­fic choke points, which will re­quire the pin­point­ing of all choke points un­der the re­quire­ments of the CPC Bei­jing Mu­nic­i­pal Com­mit­tee and the Bei­jing mu­nic­i­pal gov­ern­ment, im­ple­ment­ing such projects as soon as pos­si­ble. Third, the cap­i­tal will be putting fur­ther fo­cus on con­struc­tion of ur­ban high speed road net­works, in­clud­ing the west ex­ten­sion of Chang’an Av­enue, east ex­ten­sion of Guangqu Road and Huagong Road, and the plan­ning of the west ex­ten­sion of Xi­wai Av­enue, Lize Road and other high­way net­works. Fourth, Bei­jing will be tak­ing more mea­sures to gov­ern park­ing, one such ne­ces­sity be­ing a plan to mark the park­ing, tem­po­rary park­ing and no-park­ing ar­eas within the city. Ur­gent de­mands in­clude de­lim­it­ing and mark­ing park­ing spa­ces within the 2nd Ring Road, crack­ing down on on il­le­gal park­ing, and is­su­ing reg­u­la­tions on the park­ing of mo­tor ve­hi­cles to co­or­di­nate the sup­ply of park­ing ar­eas. Fifth, green travel will con­tinue to be a pri­or­ity. Bei­jing will con­tinue to fo­cus on the de­vel­op­ment of its rail tran­sit sys­tem, build­ing dense, ef­fi­cient rail tran­sit net­works. It will also sup­port the de­vel­op­ment of bi­cy­cle lanes and guar­an­tee pedes­trian rights through the in­stal­la­tion of bol­lards. Fur­ther mea­sures to reg­u­late the op­er­a­tion and park­ing of shared bi­cy­cles are also com­ing. Sixth, smart trans­port will take on a greater role in re­duc­ing traf­fic con­ges­tion, with con­tin­ual up­grades for in­for­ma­tion sys­tems such as pub­lic tran­sit, bi­cy­cle and park­ing sys­tems to pro­vide more op­tions for travel within the city. Fi­nally, Bei­jing will con­tinue pro­mot­ing the de­vel­op­ment of its in­ter­ac­tive plat­forms for re­duc­ing traf­fic con­ges­tion to so­licit the opin­ions of the pub­lic. An as­sort­ment of ac­tiv­i­ties will be held to pro­vide res­i­dents with op­por­tu­ni­ties to ad­vise on and par­tic­i­pate in traf­fic gov­er­nance.

Look­ing to­ward the fu­ture, Bei­jing’s trans­port sec­tor will ded­i­cate it­self to prac­tis­ing its gov­er­nance of the traf­fic sys­tem, and mak­ing new con­tri­bu­tions to Bei­jing’s de­vel­op­ment.

Pay­ing a park­ing fee via smart­phone

Short-dis­tance bus routes opened to ex­pand to new ar­eas

Charg­ing sta­tions are in­stalled to fa­cil­i­tate use of elec­tric ve­hi­cles.

Scan­ning a QR code to use a pub­lic car

Xi’erqi Sta­tion, sub­way Line 13

S1, the first low and medium speed ma­glev sub­way line in Bei­jing, was put into trial op­er­a­tion at the end of 2017.

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