Shunyi District: Building a National-level Demonstration Area
Shunyi District is expediting integration of its airport with nearby areas and building a liveable demonstration district.
In Beijing's urban spatial layout, Shunyi District is defined as a core zone of international aviation centre with integrated port and city functions, innovation-led pilot area for promoting the regional economy and the capital's harmonious and liveable demonstration area for coordinated urban-rural development.
Developing the Core Area
The Beijing Capital International Airport (BCIA) is located in Shunyi District. It is currently the largest Chinese mainland airport and plays an important role in the capital city's international communication and the coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei.
Shunyi District has established the Beijing Airport Economic Core Zone, which is one of six high-end functional zones and has a planned area of 178 square kilometres (sq.km). Phase one of the project includes 56 sq.km. The core zone consists of three parts: the former Beijing Tianzhu Airport Economic Development Zone, the former Beijing Airport Logistics Base and the former Beijing National Gateway Business Area, with the BCIA in the centre. The core zone is criss-crossed by six expressways, four highways and two light rail transit lines and is 10 kilometres (km) from Beijing's urban area and 150 km from Tianjin Port. Over the course of the past two decades, the core zone has become one of China's most mature airport industrial parks. The area now contributes 70 percent of Shunyi's economic output and 85 percent of its fiscal revenue.
Shunyi District is currently stepping up the integration of preferential policies, improving its core functions and building up its core sectors. The core zone is able to utilise resources and favourable policies of the BCIA, Beijing Tianzhu Free Trade Zone and Zhongguancun Science Park and strives to develop airport-centred modern services such as aviation transportation, bonded logistics, corporate headquartersoriented business, industrial finance, culture and creativity, and business
conferences and exhibitions.
Many aviation-related and Fortune Global 500 companies have a presence in the district, shaping an airportcentred industrial system based on the aviation industry and related corporate headquarters and supported by modern manufacturing and high-end services.
Developing Pilot Areas
In Beijing's urban master plan, Shunyi District is defined as a leading district in innovationdriven local economy, demonstration area for innovation-driven industrial clusters and national-level demonstration base for entrepreneurship and innovation. Currently, the district focuses on developing intelligent new-energy vehicles, third-generation semiconductors and the aviation and aerospace industry, which have shaped three industrial clusters with economic value of 100 billion yuan. The integrated circuit, biological medicine, new-generation information technology and high-end equipment manufacturing sectors are also emerging to accelerate the creation of cutting-edge economic structure and drive quality economic development.
Shunyi District is also creating a complete intelligent new energy vehicle industrial chain. In 2018, the district helped launch important projects such as those initiated by the Sound Group and Tellus Power and created favourable conditions and environment to welcome the national innovation centre for intelligent connected vehicles.
The district has established an innovation base, an industrial alliance, an incubator and an application research institute to develop thirdgeneration semiconductors.
Shunyi has expedited construction of a national-level airport- centred economic demonstration zone, made efforts to bring in the Aviation Industry Corporation China, Ltd. (AVIC) industrial park project, supported construction of the Harbin Institute of Technology military- civil integration and innovation industrial park in Shunyi and promoted the introduction and implementation of Spain's Aritex and Britain's AIM Altitude projects to promote the aviation and aerospace industries in the area.
Shunyi District has made efforts to vacate some spaces, has issued a series of favourable policies and allocated one billion yuan annually for industrial development to optimise its investment environment. It provides 50 million yuan to support an innovation cradle plan in a bid to promote the development of start- ups, incubators and professional service suppliers.
The district currently features 495 high-tech companies and 93 companies involved in strategic emerging industries. It is home to Mercedes-benz's high-end new energy vehicle production base and Aero Engine Corporation of China's hightemperature alloy turbine blade project. It is also piloting the BAIC Group's 7 km selfdriving car test road in conjunction with its New Technology Research Institute.
Zhongguancun Science Park's Shunyi Park features a vibrant atmosphere for research and development (R&D) and innovation. From January to June of 2018, companies within the park invested a total of 2.62 billion yuan into R&D, an increase of 1.4 percent year-on-year; and made 1,134 patent applications and won 936 patent approvals, up 30.3 percent and 39.1 percent year-on-year, respectively.
2018 is the 40th anniversary of China's reform and opening-up and an important year for improving the business environment and starting a new round of reform. Beijing has promulgated nine policies and multiple measures to optimise its administrative environment. Shunyi District has also taken several innovative measures to facilitate the initiation of projects, start-up registration and cross-border trade and better serve local companies.
Urban and Rural Coordination
Shunyi District also focuses on the coordinated development of its urban and rural areas, continues to improve its liveable and business-friendly environment and develops a harmonious and liveable demonstration area based on its coordinated development. In recent years, the district has injected 1.8 billion yuan into the comprehensive treatment of the Chaobai River, construction of riverside forest parks and water diversion from the Wenyu River to Chaobai River with the aim of building an ecologically-friendly city. These moves reflect Shunyi's approaches to governing its mountains, water areas and land and the value it places on forests and networking roads.
The district has established an environmental protection system based on advanced technology and management to protect its ecological environment. Over the past five years, Shunyi has planted 126 sq.km of forest and built and opened several ecological parks including East Suburb Wetland Park, Riverside Forest Park and Beijing International Flower Port, leading to an average green space per capita of 29.13 square metres and the establishment of a green shield covering its urban and rural areas.
The district is accelerating urbanisation and strives to secure the initiation of 100 key projects to complete plans for 150 villages and construct about 120 beautiful villages.
Shunyi has also launched a Wutong Project (2018–2020) to attract 61 academicians and experts covered by the Thousand Talents Plan, establish 15 work stations for academicians and employ 15,000 high-level professionals by 2020. In the future, the district will gather more top talents and incubate more start-ups by adopting flexible policies and creating an optimal start-up environment.
The district will also create a comprehensive service platform for highlevel talents and establish an efficient working mechanism to provide talent with considerate, high-efficiency services. The population, structure, quality and contribution of talents will significantly increase in the area.
Shunyi has recruited some 334,000 talents thus far, including academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering and talents covered by the Thousand Talents Plan and 10,000 Talents Plan. Shunyi's talents contributed 440,000 yuan per capita to the regional gross domestic product (GDP) on average, which was the highest of Beijing's districts.