Turkey: Cradle of Civilisation and Tourism Hotspot
An app for sharing short videos made the song “Take you on a Journey” famous across China. Now every Chinese person is familiar with the lyric “I want to take you to see romantic Turkey.”
Turkey is a transcontinental country spanning Eurasia and the Middle East. Its geographical location and geopolitical significance are extremely important, because it stands at a crossroads between Europe and Asia. The country's complex topography, ranging from coastal plains to mountain ranges and from cedar forests to rolling grasslands, has contributed to its rich biodiversity.
It is home to many rivers and lakes, the sources of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, and Lake Van, the largest lake in the country which provides abundant fishing resources for local people. It is one of the world's leading producers of tobacco, pistachios, raisins, fruit and vegetables, and its boron and chromium reserves are amongst the largest in the world. Turkey has a strong industrial base. It is an emerging economy and one of the fastest growing in the world.
Roughly half of Turkey's major exports are agricultural and industrial products. Its main trading partners are Germany, Italy and the United States. The majority of the arable land in the country is used to grow food. Wheat and barley are the most plentiful of these. Turkey is also one of the main steel producers in the Middle East and manufactures other major industrial products, such as cement, mechanical and electrical products, and vehicles.
The country's close proximity to Europe, long coastlines and rich tourism resources have made tourism an important source of national income. Turkey has also become synonymous with romance because of its hospitable people, impressive culture, charming scenery and mysterious legends, which attract tourists from all over the world.
Known as the “cradle of civilisation,” modern Turkey was founded on October 29, 1923. Historically, the country was the centre of the Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman empires. It has a history of 6,500 years and heritage from 13 different civilisations. On the western and southern shores of Turkey, visitors can see the ruins of ancient Greek, Roman and even Christian civilisations. Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir are the country's three largest cities and are famous tourist destinations. Secrets of bygone civilisations are also hidden in the ruins of the ancient cities of Troy and Ephesus.
Visitors to Turkey can enjoy traditional ethnic sports such as oil wrestling tournaments in and around Kirkpinar and Edirne every July; jereed competitions, a fierce team sport played on horseback involving javelin throwing, popular in eastern Turkey; camel racing in towns across the Aegean region throughout the spring; and bullfights in Artvin every June.
Turkey is also a modern country with all kinds of nightlife available. In the big cities of Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir, the national symphony orchestra, opera and ballet troupe perform works by Turkish and foreign composers led by worldrenowned conductors. Every big city also has lively nightclubs that can be enjoyed until the early hours of the morning, as can the local street food.
Turkey is not only a major European tourist destination, it has also been ranked as one of the top 10 countries to visit anywhere in the world. Its summer and winter resorts are developing rapidly, and more and more people are coming from all over the world to explore Turkey's history, culture, beauty and nature every year. There are all kinds of possibilities in this mysterious and romantic country.