COUNTRY OF DIAMONDS AND FOOTBALL
Uruguay, officially called the Oriental Republic of the Uruguay, is located in the southeastern part of South America, on the eastern shore of the Uruguay River and Río de la Plata River, adjacent to the South Atlantic, bordering Argentina and Brazil. It is known as the “Country of Diamonds” because of its shape resembling a gemstone and its abundant amethysts. It is also hailed as “Switzerland in South America” because of its beautiful natural scenery and stable social environment. The makeup of Uruguay's population reflects its history as an immigrant country. In addition to amethysts, Uruguay is rich in marble, agate, and opals. Other mineral resources include iron and manganese. It has rich forestry and fishery resources as well, especially of yellow croaker, squid and cod.
Uruguay mostly has a flat terrain, which is very suitable for farming. With developed agricultural goods and animal husbandry sectors, it has an economy mainly based on exporting agriculture, producing and exporting meat, wool, aquatic products, leather and rice. When wars broke out in Europe in early 20th century, Uruguay exported a wealth of agricultural products to Europe and other regions, becoming a rich country in South America. Today, Uruguay's economy is still driven by export agriculture.
Montevideo, the capital, is the political, economic and cultural centre of Uruguay, as well as the principal industrial, financial, transportation and port distribution centre. Sixty percent of the country's population and 80 percent of industrial output is concentrated in the Montevideo area.
Uruguay's service sector accounts for a high proportion of the national economy. Finance, tourism, logistics and transportation are the most important industries in the sector. The well-developed tourism industry brings unlimited business opportunities to Uruguay, with foreign tourists mainly from neighbouring countries such as Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Chile. Punta del Este and the capital Montevideo are the country's main tourist destinations.
What Uruguayans are most proud of is football. Football in Uruguay is highly popular, as almost everyone can play on the football pitch. The Uruguayans have always been a fearsome team in South America, having participated in the FIFA World Cup 12 times previously with its 13th World Cup appearance in 2018. The Uruguay team won the championship in the first World Cup in 1930, and was the winner again in 1950. It also has been fourth place three times. In the World Cup in 2018, the Uruguayan team, one of the three South American powers, performed well. If not for the absence of the main striker Cavani Gómez in the quarterfinals, there was a possibility it would win the semi-finals and even the World Cup championship for the third time.
Uruguay's booth at the “Colourful World” event vividly displayed the country's love of football. Scarves and other football culture-related products were on display. For example, an introduction about Luis Suarez, who is considered one of the best players in the world. Suarez has illustrious achievements. He participated in the World Cup in South Africa for the first time in 2010 and scored three goals to help Uruguay reach the semi-finals. In 2011, he led Uruguay to win the 43rd Copa América; in 2013, he won the Premier League Golden Boot and the European Golden Boot Award; and in this year's World Cup in Russia, he once again participated in the event on behalf of Uruguay.
“Uruguayan people love football. When playing football, we yell ‘Garra Charua' to cheer on our favourite star or team. I hope we promote the Uruguayan football culture and show the charms of Uruguayan football through this cultural exhibition,” said Agustina Casavalle, the head of the booth. She added that this year marks the 30th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Uruguay.