By Lan Xinzhen

Beijing Review - - Essay -

The 19th Na­tional Congress of the Com­mu­nist Party of China (CPC) drafts a blue­print for the devel­op­ment of the Party and the coun­try in the fu­ture. Mean­while, a lot of peo­ple at home and abroad might be cu­ri­ous about how the re­port ad­dressed by Xi jin­ping, Gen­eral Sec­re­tary of the CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee, to the na­tional congress came out.

Ac­cord­ing to a press brief­ing be­fore the open­ing of the 19th CPC Na­tional Congress, Xi’s re­port was pro­duced af­ter widely so­lic­it­ing opin­ions, hold­ing dis­cus­sions and ab­sorb­ing opin­ions and sug­ges­tions from within the Party and be­yond.

A draft­ing group was es­tab­lished with Xi as the head. The group, which also in­cluded heads of cen­tral and lo­cal gov­ern­ment de­part­ments and ex­perts and schol­ars, car­ried out its work un­der the di­rect lead­er­ship of the Po­lit­i­cal Bureau of the CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee and its Stand­ing Com­mit­tee.

The draft­ing of the re­port in­volved a lot of study and re­search. The CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee or­ga­nized 59 in­sti­tu­tions to re­search on 21 key topics and pro­duced 80 re­ports. The draft­ing group was di­vided into nine teams which con­ducted on­site re­search in 16 prov­inces, mu­nic­i­pal­i­ties and au­ton­o­mous re­gions. Re­lated gov­ern­ment de­part­ments and 25 na­tion­al­level think tanks also sub­mit­ted re­search re­ports on cer­tain topics. All of these laid a solid foun­da­tion for draft­ing the re­port.

Dur­ing the draft­ing of the re­port, opin­ions were so­licited from a to­tal of 4,700 peo­ple, in­clud­ing busi­ness lead­ers and in­tel­lec­tu­als with non-CPC back­ground.

Need­less to say, the cre­ation of the re­port to the 19th CPC Na­tional Congress was a demo­cratic process. The CPC adopts demo­cratic cen­tral­ism and col­lec­tive lead­er­ship. The norms and rules of the Party state that de­ci­sion-mak­ing should fol­low ma­jor­ity rule; all mem­bers are equal within the Party; the Party com­mit­tees at all lev­els should col­lect opin­ions from all mem­bers. Demo­cratic cen­tral­ism and col­lec­tive lead­er­ship are the ma­jor rea­sons for the high ef­fi­ciency in the CPC’s de­ci­sion-mak­ing process.

All CPC mem­bers have a say in the Party. What about non-CPC mem­bers? Do they have a say as the CPC gov­erns China? Cur­rently, there are nine po­lit­i­cal par­ties in China. With the CPC gov­ern­ing the na­tion, the other eight po­lit­i­cal par­ties also par­tic­i­pate in the gov­er­nance.

This po­lit­i­cal sys­tem is suit­able for China. It was for­mu­lated and de­vel­oped through decades of revo-

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